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中扬子地区上奥陶统-下志留统五峰组-龙马溪组页岩纵向非均质性及主控因素

王川 董田 蒋恕 张钰莹 杨柳青 梁兴 王高成

王川, 董田, 蒋恕, 张钰莹, 杨柳青, 梁兴, 王高成. 中扬子地区上奥陶统-下志留统五峰组-龙马溪组页岩纵向非均质性及主控因素[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(3): 108-121. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0053
引用本文: 王川, 董田, 蒋恕, 张钰莹, 杨柳青, 梁兴, 王高成. 中扬子地区上奥陶统-下志留统五峰组-龙马溪组页岩纵向非均质性及主控因素[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(3): 108-121. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0053
Wang Chuan, Dong Tian, Jiang Shu, Zhang Yuying, Yang Liuqing, Liang Xing, Wang Gaocheng. Vertical heterogeneity and the main controlling factors of the Upper Ordovician-Lower Silurian Wufeng-Longmaxi shales in the Middle Yangtze region[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(3): 108-121. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0053
Citation: Wang Chuan, Dong Tian, Jiang Shu, Zhang Yuying, Yang Liuqing, Liang Xing, Wang Gaocheng. Vertical heterogeneity and the main controlling factors of the Upper Ordovician-Lower Silurian Wufeng-Longmaxi shales in the Middle Yangtze region[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(3): 108-121. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0053

中扬子地区上奥陶统-下志留统五峰组-龙马溪组页岩纵向非均质性及主控因素

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0053
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 41802167

中石油浙江油田横向项目 2019F-31

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王川(1996—), 男, 现正攻读地质资源与地质工程专业硕士学位, 主要从事页岩沉积地球化学研究工作。E-mail: 867088235@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    董田(1987—), 男, 教授, 主要从事非常规油气地质及常规油气成藏的研究与教学工作。E-mail: dongtian@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P588.22

Vertical heterogeneity and the main controlling factors of the Upper Ordovician-Lower Silurian Wufeng-Longmaxi shales in the Middle Yangtze region

  • 摘要:

    中扬子地区上奥陶统-下志留统五峰组-龙马溪组页岩在纵向上具有较强的非均质性, 影响着页岩储层含气性以及后期的可压裂性。本研究综合测井曲线、钻井岩心、薄片观察、有机碳测试、X衍射矿物测试以及主微量元素测试, 在建立研究区页岩等时地层层序格架的基础上, 剖析该套页岩在有机质丰度、矿物组分、页岩岩相等方面的非均质性特征, 结合恢复的古气候和古环境信息, 揭示控制非均质性的主控因素。研究结果表明: 五峰组-龙马溪组一段页岩识别出2个三级层序, 其中五峰组划分出海侵体系域(TST1)和高位体系域(HST), 龙马溪组一段划分出海侵体系域(TST2)和早期高位体系域(EHST)。海侵期页岩硅质含量高, 黏土含量较低, 有机碳含量高, 主要发育硅质页岩相和含黏土硅质页岩相; 早期高位域期, 页岩发育粉砂质条带和透镜状层理, 黏土含量较高, 有机碳含量较低, 主要发育含硅黏土质页岩相。古气候指标(CIA、Rb/Sr)、古生产力指标(Cu/Al、P/Al)、氧化还原条件指标(MoEF、UEF)以及陆源输入(Ti)指标在垂向上的变化表明研究区在海侵期具有较高古生产力, 缺氧的沉积环境、低陆源输入以及相对干燥寒冷的气候条件, 而高位体系域期, 研究区表现为古生产力较低、弱还原-氧化的沉积环境、高陆源输入以及相对温暖潮湿的气候条件。火山活动、底流作用、古气候、古生产力、氧化还原条件以及陆源输入是研究区五峰组-龙马溪一段页岩纵向非均质性的主控因素。最后通过与上扬子地区页岩层段参数对比, 发现研究区主要具有埋藏深度较深、富机质页岩层段明显偏薄、含气量偏低, 脆性矿物含量偏多等特征。

     

  • 图 1  扬子地台晚奥陶世-早志留世古地理和研究区位置(a)及荆门地区地质构造简图(b)(a据文献[14], b据文献[22]修改)

    Figure 1.  Late Ordovician-Early Silurian paleogeographical location map(a) and sketch map of the Jingmen area(b)

    图 2  中扬子荆门地区A井(a)和B井(b)综合柱状图

    Figure 2.  Stratigraphic column of Well A(a) and Well B(b) in the Jingmen area, Middle Yangtze Platform

    图 3  中扬子荆门地区上奥陶-下志留统五峰组-龙马溪组页岩岩心照片

    a.黑色页岩中夹浅灰色或褐色斑脱岩(黄色箭头),厚度约1.5 cm;b.TST1时期,A井,见大量笔石;c.TST1时期,B井,结核状黄铁矿(黄色箭头);d.TST2时期,A井,见笔石;e.EHST时期,B井,见少量笔石;f.EHST时期,B井,见粉砂质条带(黄色箭头)

    Figure 3.  Core photographs and thin-section images of Wufeng-Longmaxi shales in Jingmen area, Middle Yangtze Platform

    图 4  中扬子荆门地区内A井(a)、B井(b)和上扬子涪陵页岩气田(c)(据文献[28])页岩矿物组成三端元图解

    硅质页岩相组合:S.硅质页岩相,S-1.含灰硅质页岩相,S-2.混合硅质页岩相,S-3.含黏土硅质页岩相;灰质页岩相组合:C.灰质页页岩相,C-1.含硅灰质页岩相,C-2.混合灰质页岩相,C-3.含黏土灰质页岩相;黏土质页岩相组合:CM.黏土质岩相,CM-1.含硅黏土质页岩相,CM-2.混合黏土质页岩相,CM-3.含灰黏土质页岩相;混合质页岩相组合:M.混合质页岩相,M-1.含灰/硅混合质页岩相,M-2.含黏土/硅混合质页岩相,M-3.含黏土/灰混合质页岩相

    Figure 4.  Ternary diagram showing the mineralogy compositions in Wells A and B in Jingmen area of the Middle Yangtze, and the Fuling shale gas field in the Upper Yangtze(a)

    图 5  中扬子荆门地区上奥陶-下志留统五峰组-龙马溪组页岩岩心及薄片透射光照片

    a.硅质页岩相,A井, 见大量笔石;b.硅质页岩相,A井, 见海绵骨针;c.硅质页岩相,A井, 见大量放射虫;d.含黏土硅质页岩相,B井,见大量笔石;e.含黏土硅质页岩相井,B井,见黄铁矿条带;f.含黏土硅质页岩相,B井,见大量硅质放射虫,部分被黄铁矿交代

    Figure 5.  Core photographs and thin-section images of Wufeng-Longmaxi shales in Jingmen area, Middle Yangtze Platform

    图 6  中扬子荆门地区上奥陶-下志留统五峰组-龙马溪组页岩岩心及薄片透射光照片

    a.含硅黏土质页岩相,B井,见黑色泥岩和灰色粉砂质条带(黄色箭头)互层发育;b.见粉砂质条带(黄色箭头),B井;c.含硅黏土质页岩相,A井,见透镜状粉砂岩;d.含硅黏土质页岩相,B井,石英颗粒较多,水平层理和低角度交错层理(黄色实线);e.含硅黏土质页岩相,B井,见粉砂质条带,递变层理;f.含硅黏土质页岩相,见粉砂质条带(黄色箭头)和透镜状的黏土矿物(黄色虚线),B井,细小的粉砂状石英分散在富含黏土的基质中

    Figure 6.  Core photographs and thin-section images of Wufeng-Longmaxi shales in Jingmen area, Middle Yangtze Platform

    图 7  中扬子荆门地区A井(a)、B井(b)五峰组-龙马溪组页岩TOC含量、岩相组合及矿物组分质量分数的垂向变化

    Figure 7.  Vertical variation in TOC contents, lithofacies assemblages and mineralogical composition contents of the Wufeng-Longmaxi Formations of Well A、B in Jingmen area, Middle Yangtze Platform

    图 8  中扬子荆门地区A井(a)、B井(b)五峰组-龙马溪组页岩的TOC质量浓度、古生产力指标(Cu/Al、P/Al)、氧化还原指标(UEF、MoEF)、陆源输入指标(Ti、Zr)以及古气候(CIA、Rb/Sr)的垂向变化特征

    Figure 8.  Vertical variation characteristics of TOC content, paleoproductivity proxies(Cu/Al, P/Al), redox proxies(UEF, MoEF), terrestrial input proxies(Ti) and paleoclimate proxies(CIA, Rb/Sr) of Wufeng-Longmaxi shales of Well A in Jingmen area, Middle Yangtze Platform

    图 9  中扬子荆门地区五峰组-龙马溪组页岩层序地层演化模式

    Figure 9.  Sequence stratigraphy evolution model for the Wufeng-Longmaxi shales in Jingmen area, Middle Yangtze Platform

    表  1  中扬子荆门地区和上扬子涪陵页岩气田和长宁-威远页岩示范区地质参数对比

    Table  1.   Comparison of geological parameters in Jingmen area, Fuling shale gas field and Changning-Weiyuan shale demonstration area of Middle Yangtze and Upper Yangtze regions

    对比参数 荆门地区 涪陵页岩气田 长宁-威远页岩示范区
    产层 五峰组-龙马溪组底部 五峰组-龙马溪组底部 五峰组-龙马溪组底部
    埋藏深度/m 3 600~3 900 2 400~3 500 2 300~3 400
    岩性特征 黑色硅质页岩、深灰色页岩和粉砂质页岩 炭质笔石页岩、粉砂质页岩 灰黑色粉砂质页岩
    富有机质层段厚度/m 18~20 36~45 32~48
    沉积特征 深水陆棚相 深水陆棚相 深水陆棚相
    有机碳质量浓度[(最小值~ 最大值)/平均值]/% (1.78~4.53)/3.2 (1.5~6.1)/3.8 (1.9~7.3)/4.0
    含气量[(最小值~ 最大值)/平均值]/(m3·t-1) (1.2~5.8)/3.5 (4.0~7.7)/6.1 (1.7~6.5)/4.1
    岩相类型 硅质页岩相、含黏土硅质页岩相和含硅黏土质页岩相 含黏土硅质页岩相、含黏土/硅混合质页岩相和含硅黏土质页岩相 含黏土硅质页岩相、黏土质页岩相
    注:表格数据来自于参考文献[25, 44-47]
    下载: 导出CSV
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