留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

马岭地区嘉陵江组沉积环境演化分析:来自沉积学和主微量元素的证据

欧阳柳芸 贺琦 刘昆 杨巍 毛凯楠

欧阳柳芸, 贺琦, 刘昆, 杨巍, 毛凯楠. 马岭地区嘉陵江组沉积环境演化分析:来自沉积学和主微量元素的证据[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(3): 44-53. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0095
引用本文: 欧阳柳芸, 贺琦, 刘昆, 杨巍, 毛凯楠. 马岭地区嘉陵江组沉积环境演化分析:来自沉积学和主微量元素的证据[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(3): 44-53. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0095
Ouyang Liuyun, He Qi, Liu Kun, Yang Wei, Mao Kainan. Sedimentary environment evolution of the Jialingjiang Formation in the Maling area: Evidence from sedimentology and major and trace elements[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(3): 44-53. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0095
Citation: Ouyang Liuyun, He Qi, Liu Kun, Yang Wei, Mao Kainan. Sedimentary environment evolution of the Jialingjiang Formation in the Maling area: Evidence from sedimentology and major and trace elements[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(3): 44-53. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0095

马岭地区嘉陵江组沉积环境演化分析:来自沉积学和主微量元素的证据

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0095
基金项目: 

贵州省科技计划项目“基于地质‘大数据’多重约束的岩溶峡谷形态特征内因研究” 黔科合基础[2019]1148号

贵州理工学院高层次人才科研启动经费项目“贵州兴义马岭河峡谷喀斯特成景机制及模式研究” XJGC20190946

详细信息
    作者简介:

    欧阳柳芸(1997—),女,正在攻读矿物学、岩石学、矿床学专业博士学位,主要从事岩浆与成矿作用的研究工作。E-mail: 2210429185@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    毛凯楠(1987—),男,副教授,主要从事沉积学及地貌学教学与科研工作。E-mail: maokn1207@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P512.2

Sedimentary environment evolution of the Jialingjiang Formation in the Maling area: Evidence from sedimentology and major and trace elements

  • 摘要:

    马岭地区位于贵州省兴义市,其沉积地层经历了二叠纪-三叠纪之交的沉积环境演化,是研究早三叠世沉积环境变化的理想地区。通过对马岭地区嘉陵江组的野外踏勘,以获得的实测剖面资料为基础,结合室内薄片观察,并根据14种主微量元素的结果,进而探讨其沉积环境的演变。马岭河剖面主要出露碳酸盐岩与碎屑岩,可分为四段,共取16件岩石样品进行送样分析,结合沉积相、古气候指标SiO2/Al2O3比值和古盐度指标,古水深指标CaO/MgO、Sr/Ba比值,可指示马岭地区在早三叠世经历了如下变化:①由异常炎热、干燥气候逐渐过渡为整体湿润的气候,这可能为早三叠世及后期生物复苏提供了适宜的气候条件;②发生浅海、深海的交替变化。嘉陵江组一~四段分别以开阔台地相、潮坪相、开阔-局限-开阔台地相、局限台地相沉积为主,每段的古盐度变化、海平面升降等现象,加上腹足、双壳等生物碎屑的局部出现,印证了该区早三叠世海洋环境异常多变,并具有多期次恶化-改善的演化过程。

     

  • 图 1  兴义市马岭地区区域地质及地层分布图

    Figure 1.  Map of regional geology and stratigraphic distribution in Maling area, Xingyi city

    图 2  兴义市马岭地区嘉陵江组剖面图

    Figure 2.  Profile of Jialingjiang Formation in Maling area, Xingyi City

    图 3  马岭地区嘉陵江组样品SiO2/Al2O3比值变化图(样品编号同表 1,下同)

    Figure 3.  Variation diagram of SiO2/Al2O3 from Jialingjiang Formation samples in Maling area

    图 4  马岭地区嘉陵江组样品CaO/MgO及Sr/Ba比值变化图

    Figure 4.  Variation diagram of CaO/MgO and Sr/Ba from Jialingjiang Formation samples in Maling area

    图 5  马岭地区嘉陵江组综合柱状图及海平面变化图

    Figure 5.  Comprehensive histogram and sea level changes in Jialingjiang Formation in Maling area

    图 6  马岭地区野外-镜下照片

    Figure 6.  Field-Microscopic graphs of Maling area

    表  1  马岭地区嘉陵江组剖面样品主微量元素测试结果

    Table  1.   Test results of major and trace elements in samples from the Jialingjiang Formation profile in Maling area wB/%

    样品编号 1 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 13 15 16 17 18 20 21 22
    Al2O3 0.54 0.50 0.62 1.04 1.96 1.86 0.32 0.17 0.24 4.91 1.54 9.55 2.72 0.48 0.65 0.50
    BaO 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.05 0.02 0.01
    CaO 42.90 54.20 53.00 50.90 48.30 48.80 54.70 56.00 54.50 38.00 50.10 18.85 45.50 51.90 53.70 54.00
    Cr2O3 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 0.01 <0.01 0.02 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01
    TFe2O3 0.34 0.56 0.50 0.86 1.67 2.40 0.36 0.30 0.42 3.79 1.17 8.26 2.14 1.05 0.41 0.34
    K2O 0.03 0.02 0.15 0.22 0.20 0.12 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.64 0.22 1.24 0.36 0.05 0.18 0.13
    MgO 0.21 0.42 0.44 0.53 1.20 1.32 0.37 0.32 0.35 2.37 0.88 4.80 1.17 0.66 0.41 0.38
    MnO 0.03 0.05 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.09 0.04 0.01 0.01 0.04 0.02 0.10 0.06 0.07 0.01 0.01
    Na2O <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 0.21 0.06 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 0.82 0.36 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01
    P2O5 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.03 0.03 <0.01 <0.01 0.01 0.11 0.04 0.23 0.06 0.02 0.01 0.02
    SiO2 21.79 2.35 2.81 4.20 7.32 5.70 1.09 0.58 0.91 16.67 5.39 35.44 9.71 4.11 1.86 1.14
    SO3 0.06 0.05 0.33 0.62 0.17 0.34 0.16 0.09 0.51 0.71 0.57 0.05 0.72 0.09 0.39 0.06
    SrO 0.13 0.05 0.10 0.19 0.11 0.14 0.08 0.11 0.16 0.11 0.12 0.04 0.15 0.11 0.24 0.14
    TiO2 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.17 0.29 0.26 0.06 0.03 0.06 0.80 0.35 1.76 0.39 0.08 0.09 0.06
    烧失量 33.72 42.31 41.75 40.41 38.43 38.72 42.94 43.30 42.73 31.40 39.92 17.93 36.14 41.29 42.10 42.88
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  石灰岩类型划分标准

    Table  2.   Classification standard of limestone types

    岩石类型 Cao/MgO
    纯灰岩 >50.1
    含白云的灰岩 (9.1, 50.1)
    白云质灰岩 (4.0, 9.1)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  马岭地区嘉陵江组样品岩性划分

    Table  3.   Lithology division of Jialingjiang Formation samples in the study area

    样品编号 w(CaO)/% w(MgO)/% CaO/MgO 岩石类型
    1 42.9 0.21 204.3 纯灰岩
    3 54.2 0.42 129.1 纯灰岩
    4 53.0 0.44 120.5 纯灰岩
    5 50.9 0.53 96.0 纯灰岩
    6 48.3 1.20 40.3 含白云的灰岩
    8 48.8 1.32 37.0 含白云的灰岩
    10 54.7 0.37 147.8 纯灰岩
    12 56.0 0.32 175.0 纯灰岩
    13 54.5 0.35 155.7 纯灰岩
    15 38.0 2.37 16.0 含白云的灰岩
    16 50.1 0.88 56.9 纯灰岩
    20 51.9 0.66 78.6 纯灰岩
    22 54.0 0.38 142.1 纯灰岩
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  Sr/Ba比值划分标准

    Table  4.   Classification standard of Sr/Ba ratio

    古盐度 Sr/Br
    盐湖(海相) <1
    半咸水相 (0.6, 1)
    微咸水相 <0.6
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 刘石磊. 贵州兴义地区早三叠世沉积环境演化及其生物响应[D]. 成都: 成都理工大学, 2017.

    Liu S L. Early Triassic sedimentary environmental evolution and its biological responses in the Xingyi region, Guizhou[D]. Chengdu: Chengdu University of Technology, 2017 (in Chinese with English abstract).
    [2] Lehrmann D J, Ramezani J, Bowring S A, et al. Timing of recovery from the end-Permian extinction: Geochronologic and biostratigraphic constraints from South China[J]. Geology, 2006, 34(12): 1053-1056. doi: 10.1130/G22827A.1
    [3] Mundii R, Palfy J, Renne P R, et al. The Triassic timescaie: New constraints and a review of geochronological data[J]. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 2010, 334(1): 41-60. doi: 10.1144/SP334.3
    [4] Payne J L, Lehrmann D J, Wei J, et al. Large perturbations of the carbon cycle during recovery from the end-permian extinction[J]. Science, 2004, 305: 506-509. doi: 10.1126/science.1097023
    [5] Knoll A H, Barnbach R K, Payne J L, et al. Paleophysiology and end-Permian mass extinction[J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2007, 256(3/4): 295-313.
    [6] 舒兵, 张廷山, 杨巍, 等. 晚二叠世至早三叠世大气CO2浓度变化对古气候的影响: 以黔西地区陆相地层剖面为例[C]//中国古生物学会. 中国古生物学会第28届学术年会论文摘要集. 南京: 中国古生物学会, 2015: 115.

    Shu B, Zhang T S, Yang W, et al. Influence of atmospheric CO2 concentration change on paleoclimate from Late Permian to Early Triassic: A case study of continental stratigraphic profile in western Guizhou[C]//Paleontological Society of China. Abstracts of the 28th Annual Meeting of the Paleontological Society of China. Nanjing: Paleontological Society of China, 2015: 115(in Chinese with English abstract).
    [7] 刘宝珺, 曾允孚. 岩相古地理基础和工作方法[M]. 北京: 地质出版社, 1985.

    Liu B J, Zeng Y F. Basis and working methods of lithofacies paleogeography[M]. Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 1985(in Chinese with English abstract).
    [8] 王敏芳, 黄传炎, 徐志诚, 等. 综述沉积环境中古盐度的恢复[J]. 新疆石油天然气, 2006, 2(1): 9-12. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-2677.2006.01.003

    Wang M F, Huang C Y, Xu Z C, et al. Review on paleosalinity recovery in sedimentary environment[J]. Xinjiang Oil and Gas, 2006, 2(1): 9-12(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-2677.2006.01.003
    [9] 游海涛, 程日辉, 刘昌岭. 古盐度复原法综述[J]. 世界地质, 2002, 21(2): 111-117. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-5589.2002.02.002

    You H T, Cheng R H, Liu C L. Review of paleosalinity recovering methods[J]. World Geology, 2002, 21(2): 111-117(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-5589.2002.02.002
    [10] 彭治超, 李亚男, 张孙玄琦, 等. 主微量元素地球化学特征在沉积环境中的应用[J]. 西安文理学院学报: 自然科学版, 2018, 21(3): 108-111. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-5564.2018.03.023

    Peng Z C, Li Y N, Zhang S X Q, et al. Application of the geochemical characteristics of the major and trace elements in the sedimentary environment[J]. Journal of Xi'an University: Natural Science Edition, 2018, 21(3): 108-111(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-5564.2018.03.023
    [11] 孟苗苗, 康志宏, 樊太亮, 等. 痕量元素和碳氧同位素在塔里木盆地西南缘棋盘组沉积环境研究中的应用[J]. 成都理工大学学报: 自然科学版, 2016, 43(1): 78-79. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CDLG201601008.htm

    Meng M M, Kang Z H, Fan T L, et al. Application of trace elements and carbon-oxygen isotopes on the research of sedimentary environment of the Qipan Formation in the southwest margin of Tarim Basin, China[J]. Journal of Chengdu University of Technology: Science and Technology Edition, 2016, 43(1): 78-79(in Chinese with English abstract). https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CDLG201601008.htm
    [12] 范玉海, 屈红军, 王辉, 等. 微量元素分析在判别沉积介质环境中的应用: 以鄂尔多斯盆地西部中区晚三叠世为例[J]. 中国地质, 2012, 39(2): 382-389. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3657.2012.02.010

    Fan Y H, Qu H J, Wang H, et al. The application of trace elements analysis to identifying sedimentary media environment: A case study of Late Triassic strata in the middle part of western Ordos Basin[J]. Geology in China, 2012, 39(2): 382-389(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3657.2012.02.010
    [13] 宋立军, 刘池阳, 赵红格, 等. 鄂尔多斯地区黄旗口组地球化学特征及其沉积环境与构造背景[J]. 地球科学: 中国地质大学学报, 2016, 41(8): 1295-1308, 1321. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQKX201608003.htm

    Song L J, Liu C Y, Zhao H G, et al. Geochemical characteristics, sedimentary environment and tectonic setting of Huangqikou Formation, Ordos Basin[J]. Earth Science: Journal of China University of Geosciences, 2016, 41(8): 1295-1308, 1321(in Chinese with English abstract). https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQKX201608003.htm
    [14] 王驰, 李红中, 高俊杰, 等. 碳酸盐岩地球化学分析方法综述[J]. 中山大学研究生学刊, 2009, 30(4): 28-29.

    Wang C, Li H Z, Gao J J, et al. Study on the geochemistry means of carbon rocks[J]. Journal of the Graduates of Sun Yat-sen University, 2009, 30(4): 28-29(in Chinese with English abstract).
    [15] 徐柯健, 李兴中, 刘嘉麒. 贵州兴义喀斯特景观特征[J]. 中国岩溶, 2008, 27(2): 158-159. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGYR200802010.htm

    Xu K J, Li X Z, Liu J Q. Features of karst landscape at Xingyi, Guizhou[J]. Carsologica Sinica, 2008, 27(2): 158-159(in Chinese with English abstract). https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGYR200802010.htm
    [16] 梅冥相, 马永生, 邓军, 等. 南盘江盆地及邻区早中三叠世层序地层格架及其古地理演化: 兼论从"滇黔桂盆地"到"南盘江盆地"的演变过程[J]. 高校地质学报, 2003, 9(3): 427-439. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-7493.2003.03.013

    Mei M X, Ma Y S, Deng J, et al. Sequence-stratigraphic framework of the Early to Middle Triassic and evolution of sedimentary-facies and paleogeography in the Nanpanjiang Basin and its adjacent areas: Discussion on evolution process from the Dianqiangui Basin to the Nanpanjiang Basin[J]. Geological Journal of China Universities, 2003, 9(3): 427-439(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-7493.2003.03.013
    [17] 田景春, 陈洪德, 覃建雄, 等. 层序-岩相古地理图及其编制[J]. 地球科学与环境学报, 2004, 26(1): 6-12. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6561.2004.01.002

    Tian J C, Chen H D, Qin J X, et al. Case study of sequence-based lithofacies-paleogeography research and mapping of south China[J]. Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment, 2004, 26(1): 6-12(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6561.2004.01.002
    [18] Zhou G Z, Hu Z M, Liu X G, et al. Palaeoenvironmental analysis of the Lower Silurian Longmaxi Formation in the Zhaotong area of the Sichuan Basin, South China: Implications for organic matter accumulation mechanisms[J]. Geological Journal, 2020, 56(3): 1358-1381.
    [19] Yan K, Wang C L, Mischke S, et al. Major and trace-element geochemistry of Late Cretaceous clastic rocks in the Jitai Basin, southeast China. [J]. Scientific Reports, 2021, 11(1): 13846. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-93125-8
    [20] Qiao J Q, Liu L F, Shang X Q. Deposition conditions of the Jurassic lacustrine source rocks in the East Fukang Sag, Junggar Basin, NW China: Evidence from major and trace elements[J]. Geological Journal, 2020, 55(7): 4936-4953. doi: 10.1002/gj.3714
    [21] Marx S K, Kamber B S. Trace-element systematics of sediments in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia: Sediment provenance and palaeoclimate implications of fine scale chemical heterogeneity[J]. Applied Geochemistry, 2010, 25(8): 1221-1237. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2010.05.007
    [22] Wang Z W, Feng X G, Song X L, et al. Geochemical features of the black shales from the Wuyu Basin, southern Tibet: Implications for palaeoenvironment and palaeoclimate[J]. Geological Journal, 2017, 52(2): 282-297. doi: 10.1002/gj.2756
    [23] 郭峰. 碳酸盐岩沉积学[M]. 北京: 石油工业出版社, 2011.

    Guo F. Carbonate sedimentology[M]. Beijing: Petroleum Industry Press, 2011(in Chinese).
    [24] 方邺森, 任磊夫. 沉积岩岩石学教程[M]. 北京: 地质出版社, 1987.

    Fang Y S, Ren L F. Sedimentary petrology course[M]. Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 1987(in Chinese).
    [25] 颜佳新, 伍明, 李方林, 等. 湖北省巴东栖霞组沉积成岩作用地球化学特征研究[J]. 沉积学报, 1998, 16(4): 78-83. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CJXB804.012.htm

    Yan J X, Wu M, Li F L, et al. Geochemistry of sedimentation and diagenesis in Qixia Formation (Early Permian) of Badong, Hubei Province[J]. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 1998, 16(4): 78-83(in Chinese with English abstract). https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CJXB804.012.htm
    [26] 史忠生, 陈开远, 史军, 等. 运用锶钡比判定沉积环境的可行性分析[J]. 断块油气田, 2003, 10(2): 12-16.

    Shi Z S, Chen K Y, Shi J, et al. Feasibility analysis of the application of the ratio of strontium to barium on the identifying sedimentary environment[J]. Fault-block Oil and Gas Field, 2003, 10(2): 12-16(in Chinese with English abstract).
    [27] 王爱华. 不同形态锶钡比的沉积环境判别效果比较[J]. 沉积学报, 1996, 14(4): 168-173. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CJXB604.022.htm

    Wang A H. Discriminant effect of sedimentary environment by the Sr /Ba ratio of different exising forms[J]. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 1996, 14(4): 168-173(in Chinese with English abstract). https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CJXB604.022.htm
    [28] 田洋, 赵小明, 王令占, 等. 重庆石柱二叠纪栖霞组地球化学特征及其环境意义[J]. 沉积学报, 2014, 12(6): 1036-1043. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CJXB201406005.htm

    Tian Y, Zhao X M, Wang L Z, et al. Geochemical characteristics and its paleoenvironmental implication of permian Qixia Formation in Shizhu, Chongqing[J]. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 2014, 12(6): 1036-1043(in Chinese with English abstract). https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CJXB201406005.htm
    [29] 冯伟明, 刘建清, 林家善, 等. 川东南古蔺曼岭寒武纪-奥陶纪之交的沉积环境演变[J]. 地质科技情报, 2016, 35(3): 71-76. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZKQ201603009.htm

    Feng W M, Liu J Q, Lin J S, et al. Sedimentary environment evolution across the Cambrian-Ordovician boundary in Manling, Gulin, Southeast Sichuan[J]. Geological Science and Technology Information, 2016, 35(3): 71-76(in Chinese with English abstract). https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZKQ201603009.htm
    [30] 张磊岗, 屈红军, 陈硕, 等. 浅海砂质碎屑流沉积特征与模式: 以莺歌海盆地东方1-1气田莺二段为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(6): 140-150. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0614

    Zhang L G, Qu H J, Chen S, et al. Sedimentary characteristics and model of shallow sea sandy debrisflow: A case study of Ying Ⅱ Member in the Dongfang 1-1 Gas Field, Yinggehai Basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(6): 140-150(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0614
    [31] 李安琪, 叶绮, 王真真, 等. 琼东南盆地陵水凹陷北部梅山组砂质碎屑流沉积特征及油气地质意义[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(1): 110-118. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0106

    Li A Q, Ye Q, Wang Z Z, et al. Sedimentary characteristics and significance in hydrocarbon exploration of sandy debris flow in Meishan Formation of the northern Lingshui Sag, Qiongdongnan Basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(1): 110-118(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0106
    [32] 熊鹏飞, 姜涛, 匡增桂, 等. 琼东南盆地南部梅山组丘状体沉积特征及成因机制[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(4): 11-21. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0427

    Xiong P F, Jiang T, Kuang Z G, et al. Sedimentary characteristics and origin of moundes in Meishan Formation, southern Qiongdongnan Basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(4): 11-21 (in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0427
  • 加载中
图(6) / 表(4)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  50
  • HTML全文浏览量:  15
  • PDF下载量:  32
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-29

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回