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喀斯特地区不同岩土组构对岩溶碳通量的影响

罗维均 杨开萍 王彦伟 陈佳 贾玉鹤 王世杰

罗维均, 杨开萍, 王彦伟, 陈佳, 贾玉鹤, 王世杰. 喀斯特地区不同岩土组构对岩溶碳通量的影响[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(3): 208-214. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0088
引用本文: 罗维均, 杨开萍, 王彦伟, 陈佳, 贾玉鹤, 王世杰. 喀斯特地区不同岩土组构对岩溶碳通量的影响[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(3): 208-214. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0088
Luo Weijun, Yang Kaiping, Wang Yanwei, Chen Jia, Jia Yuhe, Wang Shijie. Influence of different rock-soil fabrics on carbonate weathering carbon sink flux in karst regions[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(3): 208-214. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0088
Citation: Luo Weijun, Yang Kaiping, Wang Yanwei, Chen Jia, Jia Yuhe, Wang Shijie. Influence of different rock-soil fabrics on carbonate weathering carbon sink flux in karst regions[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(3): 208-214. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0088

喀斯特地区不同岩土组构对岩溶碳通量的影响

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0088
基金项目: 

中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(B类) XDB400202001

国家自然科学基金项目 41673121

详细信息
    作者简介:

    罗维均(1978—),男,研究员,主要从事喀斯特关键带物质循环教学与研究工作。E-mail: luoweijun@vip.gyig.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P641.72

Influence of different rock-soil fabrics on carbonate weathering carbon sink flux in karst regions

  • 摘要:

    我国南方喀斯特地区岩石裸露率高、土层浅薄且分布不均,这种特殊的岩土组构如何影响水文过程对于准确估算岩溶碳通量具有重要意义。水化学径流法是计算流域尺度岩溶碳通量的常用方法,其中流域面积和流量作为2个重要参数在喀斯特地区往往难以准确获取。在普定喀斯特生态系统观测研究站设计了一组岩土比(1:1和4:1)和一组土层厚度(5,20,100 cm)共计5种岩土组构的模拟试验场。通过一个完整水文年的流量和水化学监测,定量研究了岩石裸露率和土层厚度对水文过程以及岩溶碳通量的影响。研究结果表明,5个模拟试验场岩溶碳通量平均值为(17±3) gC/m2/a,受渗漏量控制,雨季(5-10月)约占95%;岩石裸露率(2组岩土组构之间)对渗漏量的影响可达14%,且随着岩石裸露率增加,入渗系数也相应增加;土层厚度对渗漏量的影响仅在1%~2%之间。此外,对8个野外流域观测数据的分析发现,入渗系数与岩溶碳通量的相关性最为显著,说明入渗系数是喀斯特地区不同岩土组构地质背景影响和控制岩溶碳通量的主要因素,同时这种影响可能随降雨量变化而变化,即入渗系数并非常数。

     

  • 图 1  基于大型蒸渗仪装置的不同岩土组构模拟试验场

    Figure 1.  Simulation test of different rock-soil fabrics based on a lysimeter device

    图 2  不同岩土组构模拟试验场渗漏水水化学参数三线图

    Figure 2.  Piper diagram of hydrochemical parameters under different rock-soil fabrics

    图 3  每月降雨量和模拟试验场渗漏量变化

    Figure 3.  Monthly precipitation and leakage of the simulation test

    图 4  月尺度降雨量与渗漏量关系

    Figure 4.  Relationship between monthly precipitation and leakage

    图 5  月尺度岩溶碳通量与渗漏量、DIC浓度关系

    Figure 5.  Relationship between monthly carbonate weathering carbon flux and leakage, DIC

    图 6  我国南方喀斯特地区8个野外流域岩溶碳通量与影响因子的相关性分析

    **代表可信度

    Figure 6.  Correlation analysis of carbonate weathering carbon sink flux with associated factors for eight karst basins in the South China karst region

    表  1  不同岩土组构模拟试验场水化学参数均值

    Table  1.   Hydrochemical parameters under different rock-soil fabrics

    1# 2# 3# 4# 5#
    pH 8.24 8.20 8.38 8.46 8.36
    T/℃ 20.46 20.32 20.26 20.16 20.23
    ρ(TDS)/(mg·L-1) 254 239 255 208 173
    ρ(Ca2+)/(mg·L-1) 76 74 50 42 58
    ρ(Mg2+)/(mg·L-1) 21 21 41 31 8
    ρ(HCO3-)/(mg·L-1) 188 231 259 232 173
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同岩土组构模拟试验场岩溶碳通量大小

    Table  2.   Carbonate weathering carbon sink flux of different rock-soil fabrics

    参数 1# 2# 3# 4# 5#
    雨季 Q/mm 889.00 875.00 765.00 775.00 771.00
    DIC/(mmol·L-1) 2.92 3.59 4.01 3.59 2.75
    CCSF/(gC·m-2·a-1) 15.60 18.90 18.40 16.70 12.70
    旱季 Q/mm 28.00 32.00 25.00 32.00 21.00
    DIC/(mmol·L-1) 3.05 3.68 4.23 3.85 2.89
    CCSF/(gC·m-2·a-1) 0.50 0.70 0.60 0.70 0.40
    全年 Q/mm 917.00 907.00 790.00 807.00 792.00
    DIC/(mmol·L-1) 2.97 3.63 4.09 3.69 2.82
    CCSF/(gC·m-2·a-1) 6.30 19.80 19.40 17.90 13.40
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  岩土组构对入渗系数的影响

    Table  3.   Influence of rock-soil fabric on infiltration coefficient

    岩土组构类型 参数 入渗系数 来源
    裸岩地/% 100 0.92 文献[12]
    岩土比例 1:1 0.67 本研究
    4:1 0.66 本研究
    土层厚度/cm 5 0.58 本研究
    20 0.57 本研究
    50 0.57 文献[12]
    100 0.58 本研究
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  我国南方喀斯特地区8个野外流域数据汇总

    Table  4.   Data summary of eight karst basins in South China karst region

    流域名称 P/(m·a-1) T/℃ DIC/(mg·L-1) RD/(m·a-1) α CCSF/(gC·m-2·a-1) 土地利用 地质背景 参考文献
    寨底 1.67 19 213 0.90 0.54 19 灌木、草丛存在石漠化 灰岩(90%)、白云质灰岩、白云岩、碎屑岩 文献[11]
    大安 1.57 20 263 0.85 0.54 22 阔叶林、灌木、草丛 灰岩、白云质灰岩、页岩夹砂岩
    青木关 1.25 18 327 0.85 0.68 27 针叶林、阔叶林 砂页岩、白云质灰岩、白云岩、灰岩、泥页岩
    关村 1.75 20 262 0.48 0.27 12 灌木 灰岩、白云岩夹层 文献[23]
    木美 1.41 17 256 1.35 0.96 34 石漠化 灰岩、白云岩
    皇后 1.43 15 183 0.53 0.37 9 森林、农田 灰岩 文献[24]
    后寨 1.23 15 231 0.39 0.32 11 农田、森林、裸岩 灰岩、白云岩、石膏夹层
    1.31 262 0.38 0.29 10 本研究
    板寨 1.57 118 229 0.37 0.24 8 原始森林 白云质灰岩 文献[24]
    1.63 206 0.54 0.33 11 文献[17]
    1.65 238 0.50 0.31 12 文献[23]
    1.69 223 0.33 0.20 7 文献[25]
    注:P为降雨量;T为年均温;RD为径流深;α=RD/P,为入渗系数
    下载: 导出CSV
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