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基于水稳定同位素的地下水型陆地植被识别:研究进展、面临挑战及未来研究展望

孙自永 王俊友 葛孟琰 乔树锋

孙自永, 王俊友, 葛孟琰, 乔树锋. 基于水稳定同位素的地下水型陆地植被识别:研究进展、面临挑战及未来研究展望[J]. 地质科技通报, 2020, 39(1): 11-20. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2020.0102
引用本文: 孙自永, 王俊友, 葛孟琰, 乔树锋. 基于水稳定同位素的地下水型陆地植被识别:研究进展、面临挑战及未来研究展望[J]. 地质科技通报, 2020, 39(1): 11-20. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2020.0102
Sun Ziyong, Wang Junyou, Ge Mengyan, Qiao Shufeng. Isotopic approaches to identify groundwater dependent terrestrial vegetation:Progress, challenges, and prospects for future research[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2020, 39(1): 11-20. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2020.0102
Citation: Sun Ziyong, Wang Junyou, Ge Mengyan, Qiao Shufeng. Isotopic approaches to identify groundwater dependent terrestrial vegetation:Progress, challenges, and prospects for future research[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2020, 39(1): 11-20. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2020.0102

基于水稳定同位素的地下水型陆地植被识别:研究进展、面临挑战及未来研究展望

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2020.0102
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 41772270

国家重点研发项目课题 2017YFC0406105

详细信息
    作者简介:

    孙自永(1978-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事生态水文学和水文地质学研究工作。E-mail:ziyong.sun@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: X173;X142

Isotopic approaches to identify groundwater dependent terrestrial vegetation:Progress, challenges, and prospects for future research

  • 摘要: 地下水型陆地植被具有重要的生态服务功能,但正遭受严重威胁,亟需在水资源管理中予以关注和保护。准确识别地下水型陆地植被是其管理和保护的前提。水稳定同位素方法是识别地下水型陆地植被的唯一直接方法,其中:①直接比较法只能获得植物对地下水利用的定性信息,但目前的应用最为广泛;②同位素混合模型能定量评估植物对地下水的依赖性,近期随贝叶斯模型的引入取得了较大进展。当前,植物对地下水利用的时空异质性增加了基于水稳定同位素的地下水型陆地植被的识别难度,还限制了小尺度上的研究成果向大尺度上的拓展;部分植物以间接方式利用地下水,对地下水型陆地植被的识别造成了困扰;根系吸水过程中的同位素分馏和同一植株内木质部水同位素组成的时空异质性常使植物样品的代表性受到质疑;采集到具有代表性的地下水和土壤样品也是当前面临的一个主要挑战。为应对上述挑战,未来应加强3个方面的研究:①研发植物木质部水同位素组成的原位在线连续观测技术,提升基于水稳定同位素的地下水型陆地植被识别的时空分辨率;②借助控制性的同位素标记实验,精细刻画地下水-土壤-植物体系内同位素体的迁移和分馏过程;③将同位素观测与具有物理学意义的生态水文模型相耦合,提高定量评估的分辨率和降低不确定性,探索解决时空异质性和升尺度难题的途径。

     

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