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天然气水合物开采储层出砂研究进展与思考

宁伏龙 方翔宇 李彦龙 窦晓峰 王林杰 刘志超 罗强 孙嘉鑫 赵颖杰 张准 刘天乐 张凌 蒋国盛

宁伏龙, 方翔宇, 李彦龙, 窦晓峰, 王林杰, 刘志超, 罗强, 孙嘉鑫, 赵颖杰, 张准, 刘天乐, 张凌, 蒋国盛. 天然气水合物开采储层出砂研究进展与思考[J]. 地质科技通报, 2020, 39(1): 137-148. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2020.0115
引用本文: 宁伏龙, 方翔宇, 李彦龙, 窦晓峰, 王林杰, 刘志超, 罗强, 孙嘉鑫, 赵颖杰, 张准, 刘天乐, 张凌, 蒋国盛. 天然气水合物开采储层出砂研究进展与思考[J]. 地质科技通报, 2020, 39(1): 137-148. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2020.0115
Ning Fulong, Fang Xiangyu, Li Yanlong, Dou Xiaofeng, Wang Linjie, Liu Zhicao, Luo Qiang, Sun Jiaxin, Zhao Yingjie, Zhang Zhun, Liu Tianle, Zhang Ling, Jiang Guosheng. Research status and perspective on wellbore sand production from hydrate reservoirs[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2020, 39(1): 137-148. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2020.0115
Citation: Ning Fulong, Fang Xiangyu, Li Yanlong, Dou Xiaofeng, Wang Linjie, Liu Zhicao, Luo Qiang, Sun Jiaxin, Zhao Yingjie, Zhang Zhun, Liu Tianle, Zhang Ling, Jiang Guosheng. Research status and perspective on wellbore sand production from hydrate reservoirs[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2020, 39(1): 137-148. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2020.0115

天然气水合物开采储层出砂研究进展与思考

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2020.0115
基金项目: 

国家重点基础研究发展计划 2017YFC0307600

国家重点基础研究发展计划 2018YFE0126400

中国地质调查局项目 DD20190231

中国地质调查局项目 DD20190232

中国地质调查局项目 DD20189320

中国地质调查局项目 DD20189330

中国地质调查局项目 DD20160221

中国地质调查局项目 DD20160216

青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室开放基金 2017YFC0307600

青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室开放基金 2017YFC0307600

国家自然科学基金项目 51274177

国家特支计划青年拔尖人才项目 

详细信息
    作者简介:

    宁伏龙(1977-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事天然气水合物安全勘探与开发相关方面的研究工作。E-mail:nflzx@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P634.5

Research status and perspective on wellbore sand production from hydrate reservoirs

  • 摘要: 天然气水合物开采井眼出砂问题是当前水合物产业化急需突破的瓶颈之一,解决水合物开采时防砂与产能平衡问题是实现水合物安全高效、长期可控开采的关键。我国海域典型水合物储层属于弱固结的低渗泥质粉砂储层,其面临的防砂控泥与增产矛盾较为突出。厘清不同水合物储层和开采条件下的井眼出砂规律并揭示其机理,进而制定科学合理的防砂控泥措施以实现产能最大化是解决上述矛盾的途径所在。从理论分析、数值模拟、室内实验和现场试采4个角度介绍了世界范围内已开展的水合物出砂防砂情况,分析总结了水合物储层出砂影响因素及出砂机理,最后探讨了目前出砂研究存在的问题和挑战,并给出了相应的建议,旨在为后续水合物开采井眼出砂预测和防控研究提供思路和参考。

     

  • 图 1  基于连续介质-离散介质耦合的水合物出砂多尺度数值模拟方法

    Figure 1.  Multiscale investigation on sand production from hydrate reservoirs by coupling continuous-discrete medium

    图 2  水合物储层出砂理论和数值模拟基本思路

    Figure 2.  A general protocol for numerical simulation on sand production from hydrate reservoirs

    图 3  室内模拟实验[49-50]

    a.水合物出砂与防砂模拟装置示意图[49]; b.机械筛管控砂效果综合模拟与评价实验装置[50]

    Figure 3.  Laboratory-simulated systems

    图 4  室内模拟试验[52-53]

    a.水合物开采储层响应与出砂综合模拟实验系统[52]; b.水合物开采过程中水平井内出砂与防砂装置[52-53]

    Figure 4.  Laboratory-simulated systems

    图 5  室内模拟试验[52]

    a.水合物微观相态与出砂模拟系统[52];b.小尺寸出砂规律和防砂效果研究装置;c.大尺寸出砂规律和防砂效果研究装置

    Figure 5.  Laboratory-simulated systems

    图 6  水合物试采出砂情况

    a.2012年阿拉斯加北坡CO2-CH4置换法开采出砂情况[60];b.2013年日本第一次海域水合物试采出砂情况[61]

    Figure 6.  Sand production in hydrate field trial

    图 7  贝克休斯公司开发的GeoFORM防砂系统布设示意图[66]

    Figure 7.  Schematic diagram of GeoFORM sand control system developed by Baker Hughes

    图 8  水合物储层出砂机理、行为与控制研究中存在的问题与挑战

    Figure 8.  Problems and clallenges of research on mechanism, behavior and control of sand production from hydrate reservoirs

    图 9  出砂研究建议

    a.多尺度实验表征;b.多尺度高性能计算仿真;c.现场应用;d.复合泥砂管控技术

    Figure 9.  Suggestions for hydrate sand production research

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-01-14

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