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Melut盆地北部远源油藏类型、特征及勘探启示

史忠生 薛罗 马轮 陈彬滔 王磊 庞文珠 史江龙

史忠生, 薛罗, 马轮, 陈彬滔, 王磊, 庞文珠, 史江龙. Melut盆地北部远源油藏类型、特征及勘探启示[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(5): 22-32. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0035
引用本文: 史忠生, 薛罗, 马轮, 陈彬滔, 王磊, 庞文珠, 史江龙. Melut盆地北部远源油藏类型、特征及勘探启示[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(5): 22-32. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0035
Shi Zhongsheng, Xue Luo, Ma Lun, Chen Bintao, Wang Lei, Pang Wenzhu, Shi Jianglong. Types, characteristics, and implications on the exploration of far-source oil reservoirs in the north Melut Basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(5): 22-32. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0035
Citation: Shi Zhongsheng, Xue Luo, Ma Lun, Chen Bintao, Wang Lei, Pang Wenzhu, Shi Jianglong. Types, characteristics, and implications on the exploration of far-source oil reservoirs in the north Melut Basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(5): 22-32. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0035

Melut盆地北部远源油藏类型、特征及勘探启示

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0035
基金项目: 

中国石油天然气集团公司重大科技项目"海外重点战略大区勘探技术研究与应用" 2019D-4306

详细信息
    作者简介:

    史忠生(1978-), 男, 高级工程师, 主要从事裂谷盆地石油地质研究工作。E-mail: shiluck@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P618.130.2

Types, characteristics, and implications on the exploration of far-source oil reservoirs in the north Melut Basin

  • 摘要: Melut盆地为非洲内陆一个重要含油气盆地,其北部具有下白垩统生油、古近系聚集成藏的远源成藏特征,明确盆地远源油藏形成条件与控制因素是提高远源油藏勘探成功率、寻找新的勘探领域的关键。基于区域石油地质条件与油藏解剖,开展了Melut盆地北部远源油藏形成条件、类型及特征研究,在此基础上提出了源内Yabus组远源断层-岩性复合油藏及源外Yabus组远源断块油藏两大潜力勘探领域。研究表明:Melut盆地北部古近系Yabus组发育源内和源外2种类型的远源油藏,二者具有不同的油气充注方式与成藏模式。源内Yabus组远源油藏的形成取决于3个地质条件的耦合,即"两强一弱"的3期裂陷作用为古近纪Yabus组-Adar组远源储盖组合的形成创造了条件;富油凹陷的发育为Yabus组远源油藏的形成提供了必要的油源基础;多期裂陷作用为Yabus组远源圈闭的油气充注提供了垂向通道条件。源内远源油藏主要通过油源断裂的垂向充注成藏,油源断裂是其成藏的主要控制因素,油源断裂的识别及控圈断层的侧向封堵性评价是源内远源断块圈闭评价的重点。源外远源油藏主要通过富油凹陷的侧向运移充注成藏,由富砂地层与断块、古隆起形成的输导脊控制源外远源圈闭的成藏,输导脊的识别与圈闭充注油气程度研究是源外远源圈闭评价的重点。研究成果指导了Melut盆地远源油藏的勘探部署与深化勘探,对其他含油气盆地成熟探区远源油藏的勘探具有指导和借鉴意义。

     

  • 图 1  含油气盆地源内远源油藏、源外远源油藏及源内近源油藏分布示意图

    源外远源油藏:①⑦;源内远源油藏:②⑥;源内近源油藏:③④⑤

    Figure 1.  Sketch of the far-source oil reservoirs inside and outside oil kitchen and near-source oil reservoirs inside oil kitchen in a petroliferous basin

    图 2  中西非裂谷系(a)、Melut盆地地层综合柱状图(b)及Melut盆地构造单元(c)

    Q.第四系; E.古近系; N.新近系; K2.上白垩统; K1.下白垩统

    Figure 2.  Central-West African Rift System (a), strata column (b) and structure unit (c) of the Melut Basin

    图 3  Melut盆地北部拉张系数(a)及沉积充填与成藏模式(b)

    Figure 3.  Tension coefficient (a), sedimentary filling and hydrocarbon accumulation mode (b) of the north Melut Basin

    图 4  北部凹陷Al Renk组烃源岩厚度图(a)及过凹陷中心二维剖面现今Ro等值线图(b)

    Figure 4.  Thickness map of Al Renk source rocks (a) and the Ro value of the section across basin center (b) of the Northern Sub-basin

    图 5  北部凹陷断裂发育特征与油气运聚成藏模式(剖面位置见图 2-c)

    Figure 5.  Features of fault system and hydrocarbon accumulation mode of the Northern Sub-basin

    图 6  Gumry油藏Yabus组上段均方根振幅属性(a)及砂岩透镜体地震剖面反射特征(b)

    Figure 6.  RMS attribute of the Upper Yabus Formation in the Gumry oil reservoir (a) and the reflection features of the sand lens in seismic profile (b)

    图 7  Melut盆地北部凹陷远源油藏成藏模式图

    Figure 7.  Accumulation mode of the far-source oil reservoirs in the Northern Sub-basin, Melut Basin

    图 8  北部凹陷Yabus组沉积相剖面(a)及Yabus组上段油层厚度(b)与日产量特征(c)

    Figure 8.  Sedimentary facies section of Yabus Formation (a), and the features of oil-layer thickness and daily production of the Upper Yabus Formation (c) in the Northern Sub-basin

    图 9  Gasab油田Yabus组上段水下分流河道地震属性特征(A)、构造图(图中为高程(m)等值线) (B)及油藏剖面(C)

    Figure 9.  Seismic attribute(A), structure map (B) and oil reservoir section (C) of the subaqueous distributary channels in the Upper Yabus Formation, Gasab Oilfiled

    图 10  Jammam地区A-1井地层柱状图(a)、油气运聚模拟图(b)及过A-1井地震剖面(c)

    Figure 10.  Strata column (a), hydrocarbon accumulation simulating map (b) and seismic profile across Well A-1 (c) in Jammam area

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-12-09

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