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东营凹陷孔一段“红-灰”岩层旋回沉积记录:以王家岗地区王46井为例

年涛 姜在兴 刘惠民 黄壹铭 邓有根 孟嘉轶 李扬

年涛, 姜在兴, 刘惠民, 黄壹铭, 邓有根, 孟嘉轶, 李扬. 东营凹陷孔一段“红-灰”岩层旋回沉积记录:以王家岗地区王46井为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(3): 32-43. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0072
引用本文: 年涛, 姜在兴, 刘惠民, 黄壹铭, 邓有根, 孟嘉轶, 李扬. 东营凹陷孔一段“红-灰”岩层旋回沉积记录:以王家岗地区王46井为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(3): 32-43. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0072
Nian Tao, Jiang Zaixing, Liu Huimin, Huang Yiming, Deng Yougen, Meng Jiayi, Li Yang. Cyclic sedimentary record of 'red-greyish green' beds in the first Member of Eocene Kongdian Formation(Ek1), Dongying Sag: An example from the Well Wang 46 in Wangjiagang area[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(3): 32-43. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0072
Citation: Nian Tao, Jiang Zaixing, Liu Huimin, Huang Yiming, Deng Yougen, Meng Jiayi, Li Yang. Cyclic sedimentary record of "red-greyish green" beds in the first Member of Eocene Kongdian Formation(Ek1), Dongying Sag: An example from the Well Wang 46 in Wangjiagang area[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(3): 32-43. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0072

东营凹陷孔一段“红-灰”岩层旋回沉积记录:以王家岗地区王46井为例

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0072
基金项目: 

国家科技重大专项 2016ZX05056

国家自然科学基金项目 42072140

油气资源与探测国家重点实验室开放课题基金 PRP/open-2102

陕西省教育厅科研计划项目 20JK0850

详细信息
    作者简介:

    年涛(1987—),男,讲师,主要从事沉积岩石学和测井地质学研究工作。E-mail: niantaoo@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P512.2

Cyclic sedimentary record of "red-greyish green" beds in the first Member of Eocene Kongdian Formation(Ek1), Dongying Sag: An example from the Well Wang 46 in Wangjiagang area

  • 摘要:

    渤海湾盆地东营凹陷始新统孔店组一段(孔一段)发育了垂向叠置的“红-灰”组合岩层,并呈现出一定的旋回沉积特征。为了深入了解该地层的沉积过程及其对古气候变化的响应,研究以东营凹陷王家岗地区重点探井王46井为例,基于年代地层格架的约束,利用岩心、录井和自然伽马测井曲线对孔一段进行了旋回沉积记录的研究,揭示了地层的旋回沉积过程。红层响应于洪水漫湖产生的漫湖泥和漫湖砂滩,而灰绿色韵律层属于间歇性湿润期的浅湖砂滩沉积,二者在垂向上突变接触。伽马曲线的连续小波分析和频谱分析表明该地层的沉积过程受控于米兰科维奇天文旋回的偏心率和岁差周期,造成的旋回地层厚度分别为39.4 m和6.9 m。通过对125 ka的偏心率周期进行带通滤波,建立了孔一段的“浮动”天文年代标尺。孔一段共记录了33个偏心率周期,判定的沉积时限约为4.13 Ma,地层的视平均沉积速率在0.236~0.408 m/ka之间变化。偏心率和岁差旋回对地层沉积的控制表现为偏心率为极大值时,间歇性湖泊沉积频繁发生,反之则以洪水漫湖沉积为主,同时岁差的极小值对应了间歇性湖泊沉积,反之则主要发生了洪水漫湖沉积。

     

  • 图 1  东营凹陷构造位置及构造单元划分(据文献[32]修改)

    Figure 1.  Tectonic setting and tectonic units in Dongying Sag

    图 2  东营凹陷孔一段地层分布

    a.垂向分布层段(据文献[34]修改,地层年龄数据引自文献[35]);b.平面分布

    Figure 2.  Distribution of the first member of Kongdian Formation (Ek1) in Dongying Sag

    图 3  第7次取心漫湖泥沉积特征

    a.取心段录井岩性剖面及GR测井响应;b.紫红色块状泥岩,见膏质斑点,4 114.7~4 114.8 m;c.铁(赤铁矿)染泥质不均匀分布,可见零散分布的碎屑颗粒,单偏光;d.低斜率三段式粒度曲线

    Figure 3.  Sedimentary characteristics in the flooded lacustrine mud, the seventh coring

    图 4  第5次取心漫湖砂滩沉积特征

    a.取心段录井岩性剖面及GR测井响应;b.岩石颗粒组分三角图;c.岩屑组分三角图;d, e.棕红色细粉砂岩,发育不同类型的沉积构造,3 396.2~3 396.4 m;f.碎屑颗粒磨圆差,填隙物为铁染泥质,单偏光,3 396.3 m;g.两段式粒度曲线

    Figure 4.  Sedimentary characteristics in the flooded lacustrine sandy beach, the fifth coring

    图 5  第2次取心浅湖砂滩沉积特征

    a.取心段录井岩性剖面及GR测井响应;b.岩石颗粒组分三角图;c.岩屑组分三角图;d.浪成砂纹层理,2 925.7~2 926.0 m;e.碎屑颗粒磨圆中等,孔隙发育,单偏光,2 957.9 m;f.两段式粒度曲线

    Figure 5.  Sedimentary characteristics in the shallow lacustrine sandy beach, the second coring

    图 6  54.9~50.5 Ma北纬37°夏季日照量变化米兰科维奇旋回分析图

    a.根据Laskar 2010计算的54.9~50.5 Ma北纬37°夏季日照量的变化曲线;b.这一时期日照量变化曲线的小波分析色谱图(红色表示波谱能量高,蓝色表示波谱能量低);c.日照量变化曲线的频谱分析图,其中E3、E2、E1为偏心率周期,O3、O2、O1为黄赤交角周期,P3、P2、P1为岁差周期

    Figure 6.  Milankovitch analysis of the insolation curve at 37°N from 54.9 Ma to 50.5 Ma

    图 7  王46井孔一段GR曲线小波变化色谱图(a)及频谱分析图(b)

    Figure 7.  Wavelet chromatogram(a) and spectral analysis(b) using the GR curve of the Ek1 member in Well Wang 46

    图 8  王46井旋回地层综合分析

    a. 旋回地层综合柱状图; b. 典型深度段岁差旋回与岩性和沉积相的对应关系

    Figure 8.  Cyclostratigraphy analysis of the Well Wang 46

    表  1  东营凹陷54.9~50.5 Ma之间天文周期的比例关系

    Table  1.   Proportion of astronomical periods from 54.9 Ma to 50.5 Ma in Dongying Sag

    理论周/ka 比值
    偏心率 405 21.316 18.409 17.609 10.658 10.125 7.941 4.219 3.24 1
    125 6.579 5.682 5.435 3.289 3.125 2.451 1.302 1
    96 5.053 4.364 4.174 2.526 2.400 1.882 1
    倾角 51 2.684 2.318 2.217 1.342 1.275 1
    40 2.105 1.818 1.739 1.053 1
    38 2.000 1.727 1.652 1
    岁差 23 1.211 1.045 1
    22 1.157 1
    19 1
    下载: 导出CSV
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