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米兰科维奇旋回识别与天文标尺的建立:以莫索湾地区莫21井三工河组一段为例

徐健 德勒恰提·加娜塔依

徐健, 德勒恰提·加娜塔依. 米兰科维奇旋回识别与天文标尺的建立:以莫索湾地区莫21井三工河组一段为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(2): 197-207. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0218
引用本文: 徐健, 德勒恰提·加娜塔依. 米兰科维奇旋回识别与天文标尺的建立:以莫索湾地区莫21井三工河组一段为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(2): 197-207. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0218
Xu Jian, Deleqiati Jianatayi. Identification of Milankovich′s cycle and establishment of astronomical ruler: A case study from the first section of the Sangonghe Formation of Well Mo 21 in Mosuowan area[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(2): 197-207. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0218
Citation: Xu Jian, Deleqiati Jianatayi. Identification of Milankovich′s cycle and establishment of astronomical ruler: A case study from the first section of the Sangonghe Formation of Well Mo 21 in Mosuowan area[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(2): 197-207. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0218

米兰科维奇旋回识别与天文标尺的建立:以莫索湾地区莫21井三工河组一段为例

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0218
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 41562008

详细信息
    作者简介:

    徐健(1992—),男,现正攻读地质工程专业硕士学位,主要从事储层地质学方面的研究。E-mail:xujian920713@163.com

    通讯作者:

    德勒恰提·加娜塔依(1962—),女,研究员,主要从事储层地质学方面的研究。E-mail:deleqiati@sina.com

  • 中图分类号: P532

Identification of Milankovich′s cycle and establishment of astronomical ruler: A case study from the first section of the Sangonghe Formation of Well Mo 21 in Mosuowan area

  • 摘要: 依据米兰科维奇理论识别划分旋回,是对传统层序地层学的有力补充,具备高等时约束性,可实现高分辨率旋回识别与高精度等时地层格架的建立。莫索湾地区是准噶尔盆地油气勘探的有利区域之一,其中三工河组一段发育了有效的、成规模的致密气储集层。利用自然伽马测井数据,通过频谱分析等方法,对研究区目标层位进行了米兰科维奇信号识别与旋回划分。以405 ka周期滤波曲线作为基准,借助三工河组底界地质年龄,建立了浮动天文标尺。研究表明,三工河组一段存在米兰科维奇旋回。短期偏心率125 ka周期控制厚度约为29.73 m的旋回;斜率54 ka周期控制厚度约为12.47 m的旋回;岁差24 ka周期控制厚度约为5.62 m的旋回。三工河组一段地质年龄为189.951~190.800 Ma,共识别出了7个短期基准面旋回,由此划分出了7个五级层序,沉积速率从下到上,虽呈现出“减小-增大-持续减小-持续增大”的趋势,但整体变化不大;发育了B1、B2、C1三种类型的短期基准面旋回。

     

  • 图 1  研究区构造位置图(改自文献[37])

    Figure 1.  Structural location of the study area(Adapted from literature [37])

    图 2  偏心率理论值曲线图

    Figure 2.  Curve of theoretical value of eccentricity

    图 3  偏心率数据MTM频谱分析图

    Figure 3.  MTM spectrum analysis of eccentricity data

    图 4  斜率理论值曲线图

    Figure 4.  Curve of theoretical value of obliquity

    图 5  斜率数据MTM频谱分析图

    Figure 5.  MTM spectrum analysis of obliquity data

    图 6  岁差理论值曲线图

    Figure 6.  Curve of theoretical value of precession

    图 7  岁差数据MTM频谱分析图

    Figure 7.  MTM spectrum analysis of precession data

    图 8  自然伽马数据MTM频谱分析图

    红线为红燥曲线,蓝线为90%置信度曲线

    Figure 8.  MTM spectrum analysis of natural gamma data

    图 9  自然伽马EHA频谱分析图

    白色虚线标注的为短偏心率125 ka周期

    Figure 9.  EHA spectrum analysis of natural gamma data

    图 10  自然伽马数据ASM分析图

    Figure 10.  ASM analysis of natural gamma data

    图 11  莫21井三工河组一段高分辨率旋回识别与划分

    ①理论周期滤波曲线中,红色为405 ka周期滤波曲线,蓝色为125 ka周期滤波曲线;②GR偏心率、斜率滤波曲线中的数字代表旋回个数;③GR偏心率、斜率、岁差滤波曲线对应的周期分别为125,54,24 ka

    Figure 11.  High-frequency cycles identification and division of the Sangonghe Formation in Well Mo 21

    表  1  公式(1)中的部分参数[21]

    Table  1.   Some parameters in formula (1)

    k μk/(″·a-1) bk φk/(°)
    1 3.199 279 0.010 739 170.739
    2 13.651 920 0.008 147 109.891
    3 10.456 224 0.006 222 -60.044
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  公式(2)中的部分参数[21]

    Table  2.   Some parameters in formula (2)

    vk/(″·a-1) ak φk/(°)
    1 -0.000 001 0.013 774 49 107.581
    2 -18.845 166 0.008 703 53 -111.310
    3 -5.605 919 0.004 798 13 4.427
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  公式(3)中的部分参数[21]

    Table  3.   Some parameters in formula (3)

    k μk/(″·a-1) bk φk/(°)
    1 4.257 564 0.018 986 30.739
    2 7.456 665 0.016 354 -157.801
    3 17.910 194 0.013 055 140.577
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  轨道理论周期比值

    Table  4.   Ratio of theoretical orbital period

    周期序号 理论天文周期/ka 与P1比值
    E1 405 16.88
    E2 125 5.21
    E3 97 4.04
    O1 54 2.25
    O2 41 1.71
    P1 24 1.00
    注:E1E2E3为地球的3种偏心率周期;Q1Q2为地球的2种倾斜度周期;P1为地球的1种岁差周期
    下载: 导出CSV
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