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地震沉积学在河流-浅水三角洲沉积相研究中的应用: 以渤海海域蓬莱A构造区馆陶组为例

付鑫 杜晓峰 官大勇 李瑾 李晓辉

付鑫, 杜晓峰, 官大勇, 李瑾, 李晓辉. 地震沉积学在河流-浅水三角洲沉积相研究中的应用: 以渤海海域蓬莱A构造区馆陶组为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(3): 96-108. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0304
引用本文: 付鑫, 杜晓峰, 官大勇, 李瑾, 李晓辉. 地震沉积学在河流-浅水三角洲沉积相研究中的应用: 以渤海海域蓬莱A构造区馆陶组为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(3): 96-108. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0304
Fu Xin, Du Xiaofeng, Guan Dayong, Li Jin, Li Xiaohui. Application of seismic sedimentology in reservoir prediction in fluvial to shallow water delta facies: A case study in Guantao Formation from the Penglai A structure area in Bohai Bay[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(3): 96-108. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0304
Citation: Fu Xin, Du Xiaofeng, Guan Dayong, Li Jin, Li Xiaohui. Application of seismic sedimentology in reservoir prediction in fluvial to shallow water delta facies: A case study in Guantao Formation from the Penglai A structure area in Bohai Bay[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(3): 96-108. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0304

地震沉积学在河流-浅水三角洲沉积相研究中的应用: 以渤海海域蓬莱A构造区馆陶组为例

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0304
基金项目: 

"十三五"国家重大专项 2016ZX05024-003

详细信息
    作者简介:

    付鑫(1989-), 男, 工程师, 主要从事层序地层学与油气储层地质学研究。E-mail: fuxin2@cnooc.com.cn

  • 中图分类号: P315.3

Application of seismic sedimentology in reservoir prediction in fluvial to shallow water delta facies: A case study in Guantao Formation from the Penglai A structure area in Bohai Bay

  • 摘要: 庙西南凸起蓬莱A构造区馆陶组有良好油气发现,但储层厚度多小于5 m,难以被精确识别刻画。以薄层砂体为研究对象,综合地震、测井、钻井岩心、古生物等基础资料,明确研究区馆陶组沉积时期受北东向物源供给沉积,发育河流-浅水三角洲相。基于90°相位化处理确定砂体地震响应特征;分频解释处理判断相对等时地震同相轴,构建馆陶组高频层序地层格架(三级层序SQ1-3),优选60Hz地震数据体进行地层切片划分;地层切片高精度沉积学解释揭示研究区馆陶组SQ1层序至SQ3层序依次发育河流-席状化浅水三角洲-朵叶状浅水三角洲-水下河道型浅水三角洲。其中SQ1层序中河道砂体以及SQ2-3层序中浅水三角洲前缘砂体皆为有利储层。此次研究丰富发展了渤海海域河流-浅水三角洲相中地震沉积学在砂体预测中的研究成果。

     

  • 图 1  蓬莱A构造区地理位置图

    Figure 1.  Geographic location ofthe Penglai A structure area

    图 2  蓬莱A构造区馆陶组层序地层格架

    Figure 2.  Sequence stratigraphic frameworkof Guantao Formation in the Penglai A structure area

    图 3  渤海海域周缘水系划分示意图(据文献[49])

    Figure 3.  Division of water system Bohai sea area

    图 4  渤东地区馆陶组岩屑组分相对体积分数分布图

    Figure 4.  Lithological difference distribution of Guantao Formation in Bodong area

    图 5  渤东地区馆陶组古地貌图与蓬莱A构造区各层序古地貌图

    Figure 5.  Paleogeomorphic map of Guantao formation in Bodong area and each sequence in the Penglai A structure area

    图 6  蓬莱A构造区馆陶组连井沉积相分析

    Figure 6.  Sedimentary facies analysis of the connecting-well profiles of Guantao Formation in the Penglai A structure area

    图 7  蓬莱A构造区馆陶组典型岩心照片

    a.PLA-4井,1 260 m,正交光; b.PLA-2井,1 074.7 m,单偏光,蓝色铸体; c.PLA-1井,1 058 m,壁心; d.PLA-2井,1 074.6~1 074.7 m,岩心

    Figure 7.  Core photos of Guantao Formation in the Penglai A structure area

    图 8  蓬莱A构造区馆陶组-90°相位转换前后地震同相轴对应关系对比

    Figure 8.  Comparison between 0°phase seismic section and -90°seismic section of Guantao Formation in the Penglai A structure area

    图 9  蓬莱A构造区馆陶组在不同频段地震体的显示

    Figure 9.  Seismic reflection characteristics of different frequency seismic volume of Guantao Formation in the Penglai A structure area

    图 10  蓬莱A构造区馆陶组各层序典型地层切片

    Figure 10.  Typical strata slicing of Guantao Formation in the Penglai A structure area

    图 11  蓬莱A构造区馆陶组各层序典型地层切片沉积相解释

    Figure 11.  Sedimentary facies interpretation on typical strata slicing of Guantao Formation in the Penglai A structure area

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