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南岭及邻区第四纪地层分区与综合地层格架

史元润 林晓 徐亚东 余舒超 孙清泉

史元润, 林晓, 徐亚东, 余舒超, 孙清泉. 南岭及邻区第四纪地层分区与综合地层格架[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(3): 151-162. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0309
引用本文: 史元润, 林晓, 徐亚东, 余舒超, 孙清泉. 南岭及邻区第四纪地层分区与综合地层格架[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(3): 151-162. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0309
Shi Yuanrun, Lin Xiao, Xu Yadong, Yu Shuchao, Sun Qingquan. Quaternary stratigraphic regionalization and comprehensive framework in Nanling and adjacent areas[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(3): 151-162. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0309
Citation: Shi Yuanrun, Lin Xiao, Xu Yadong, Yu Shuchao, Sun Qingquan. Quaternary stratigraphic regionalization and comprehensive framework in Nanling and adjacent areas[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(3): 151-162. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0309

南岭及邻区第四纪地层分区与综合地层格架

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0309
基金项目: 

中国地质调查局项目 DD20190811

国家自然科学基金项目 41571189

详细信息
    作者简介:

    史元润(1997-), 男, 现正攻读地理学专业硕士学位, 主要从事第四纪地质与环境变化的研究工作。E-mail: syr@cug.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    林晓(1980-), 讲师, 主要从事第四纪地质与环境变化的研究工作。E-mail: linxiao@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P534.63;P535

Quaternary stratigraphic regionalization and comprehensive framework in Nanling and adjacent areas

  • 摘要: 南岭及邻区的第四纪沉积以冲积物、残积物和洞穴堆积物为主,长期以来缺乏统一的地层格架和时间框架。基于剖面资料和实地调查,将南岭第四纪地层划分为永州-郴州、桂林-贺州、韶关-清远、赣州、道县-阳山等5个地层小区;通过厘定每个小区的岩石地层序列、生物地层和气候地层及其测年成果,建立了综合地层的对比格架。结果表明,南岭第四系与中国更新统泥河湾阶、周口店阶、萨拉乌苏阶和尚未建阶的全新统可一一对比;其生物地层以早更新世巨猿动物群和中更新世晚期以来的马坝人、道县人和柳江人等智人演化为特点;气候地层以洞穴石笋和高山泥炭重建的古气候记录为代表,主要反映东亚季风背景下的南岭局地气候。但由于测年数据较少,冲积层和残积层的对比仍然存在困难;生物演化阶段与气候变化之间也未能详细对比。因此,今后南岭的第四纪地层研究应围绕提高测年精度与建立统一的年代标尺开展,促进综合地层对比的精细化、延伸气候地层的时间尺度并拓展与南海海相地层的对比;这一基础性工作对水文、环境、工程等实践应用亦具有重要意义。

     

  • 图 1  南岭及邻区地貌态势与第四纪地层分区

    Figure 1.  Landform and Quaternary stratigraphic regionalization of Nanling and adjacent areas

    图 2  南岭第四纪地层小区的岩石地层序列

    Figure 2.  Sedimentary sequence of Quaternary stratigraphic minor regions in Nanling and adjacent areas

    图 3  道县-阳山小区吉田镇社下河阶地实测剖面图

    Qhdl.全新统坡积物; Qhal.全新统冲积物; Qp3al.上更新统冲积物; S3yγδ.永和岩体

    Figure 3.  Measured stratigraphic profile and terraces in Shexia River in Jitian Town of Daoxian-Yangshan minor region

    图 4  南岭中更新世晚期以来的智人化石、文化层及其年代对比(数据来源和文献见表 1)

    Figure 4.  Comparison of chronology and cultural layers containing Homo sapiens' fossils in Nanling since the middle Pleistocene

    图 5  南岭泥炭的古气候代用指标及气候变化曲线(数据来源和文献见表 2;YD为新仙女木事件;H为海因里奇事件;B-A为博令-阿诺罗德暖期)

    Figure 5.  Paleoclimatic proxy indicators and changes reconstructed by environmental proxies of peat in Nanling area

    图 6  南岭第四纪综合地层对比格架

    Figure 6.  Comprehensive comparison of Quaternary stratigraphy in Nanling area

    表  1  南岭的哺乳动物化石地点及年代

    Table  1.   Original sites and dating value of mammal faunae in Nanling area

    地区 地点 年代/ka 测年方法 资料来源
    广西桂林 甑皮岩 12.5~7.6 14C 文献[51]
    广东英德 牛栏洞 12~8 14C 文献[43]
    青塘洞穴群 20~10 14C 文献[52]
    广西柳州 白莲洞 36~7 14C 文献[53-54]
    通天岩(柳江人) 68 U 文献[55]
    湖南永州 道县(道县人) 128~80 U 文献[13]
    广东韶关 狮子岩(马坝人) 237~129 U 文献[12, 56]
    广西贺州 吊钟岩 210 U 文献[57]
    广西柳城 巨猿洞 1 206~940 ESR, U 文献[58]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  南岭的冲积层、残积层及泥炭的测年

    Table  2.   Original sites and dating value of alluvium, eluvium and peat in Nanling area

    成因类型 地点 测年位置 年龄/ka BP 测年方法 资料来源
    冲积层 广东韶关 T6阶地 819 TL 文献[40]
    T5阶地 694 TL
    T3阶地 426 TL
    T1阶地 206~90.2 14C
    残积层 湖南衡阳 褐黄色土层 2.23×103~1.11×103 古地磁 文献[31]
    江西赣州 网纹红土 104~87 ESR 文献[65]
    广西百色 红土中玻璃陨石 803 40Ar/39Ar 文献[66]
    泥炭层 江西定南 大湖泥炭 16.6 AMS14C 文献[23, 67]
    湖南城步 古田泥炭 20.7 AMS14C 文献[25, 26]
    湖南城步 大坪泥炭 15.4 ESR, U 文献[68]
    石笋 广西桂林 茅茅头大岩 385~112 234U/230Th(α) 文献[69]
    水南洞 229.1~80.7 U/230Th 文献[38]
    盘龙洞 11.08~0.48 计数定年, U(α) 文献[39]
    丰鱼洞 62.9~4.4 U/230Th(ICP-MS) 文献[70]
    福建连城 仙云洞 13.32~11.35 U/230Th(MC) 文献[71]
    下载: 导出CSV
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