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雄安新区高阳地热田东北部深部古潜山聚热机制

王思琪 张保建 李燕燕 邢一飞 袁文真 李郡 高俊 赵甜

王思琪, 张保建, 李燕燕, 邢一飞, 袁文真, 李郡, 高俊, 赵甜. 雄安新区高阳地热田东北部深部古潜山聚热机制[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(3): 12-21. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0319
引用本文: 王思琪, 张保建, 李燕燕, 邢一飞, 袁文真, 李郡, 高俊, 赵甜. 雄安新区高阳地热田东北部深部古潜山聚热机制[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(3): 12-21. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0319
Wang Siqi, Zhang Baojian, Li Yanyan, Xing Yifei, Yuan Wenzhen, Li Jun, Gao Jun, Zhao Tian. Heat accumulation mechanism of deep ancient buried hill in the northeast of Gaoyang geothermal field, Xiong'an New Area[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(3): 12-21. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0319
Citation: Wang Siqi, Zhang Baojian, Li Yanyan, Xing Yifei, Yuan Wenzhen, Li Jun, Gao Jun, Zhao Tian. Heat accumulation mechanism of deep ancient buried hill in the northeast of Gaoyang geothermal field, Xiong'an New Area[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(3): 12-21. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0319

雄安新区高阳地热田东北部深部古潜山聚热机制

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0319
基金项目: 

国家青年科学基金项目 41902310

中国地质调查项目 DD20189114

中国地质调查项目 DD20190129

科技部国家重点研发项目 2019YFB1504102

中国地质科学院基本科研业务费项目 YWF201903-01

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王思琪(1990-), 女, 高级工程师, 主要从事地热地质方面的研究工作。E-mail: wsiqi17@163.com

    通讯作者:

    张保建(1972-), 男, 高级工程师, 主要从事地热、水文及环境地质方面的研究工作。E-mail: zbjsddk@126.com

  • 中图分类号: P648.0+21

Heat accumulation mechanism of deep ancient buried hill in the northeast of Gaoyang geothermal field, Xiong'an New Area

  • 摘要: 为查明雄安新区深部碳酸盐岩热储的赋存特征与聚热机制,中国地质调查局近两年组织实施的雄安新区地热清洁能源调查评价工作,综合地温场背景、深部地质结构、凹凸相间构造格局、深浅断裂系统控热导热、地球物理场特征、区域水动力场、水化学场与温度场的多场耦合指示等综合探测手段,分析总结了高阳地热田东北部深部古潜山地热资源的最新勘查成果,阐述了雄安新区深部高温古潜山热田的聚热机制:①受太平洋板块向西俯冲影响,华北克拉通东部破坏明显,岩石圈、地壳厚度大嵋减薄,有利于幔源热向浅部的传导;②区域马西断层等深大走滑断裂切穿了岩石圈,有利于深部的幔源热物质和深部岩浆上侵入地壳;③热流由低热导率的凹陷区向高热导率的凸起区聚集,地下水沿断裂的深循环对流加热,区域岩溶地下水的汇流区等也有一定的聚热效应。在雄安新区深部碳酸盐岩热储聚热机制理论指导下,在高阳地热田东北部古潜山布设施工了两眼高温、高产地热井,井口水温分别达到109.2℃,123.4℃,揭示验证了雄安新区深部存在地热开发的第二空间——蓟县系碳酸盐岩热储,深部碳酸盐岩地热水温度高、流量大、开发潜力巨大。研究成果对雄安新区乃至华北盆地高温、高产地热井位的布设与深部碳酸盐岩热储开发利用的科学部署具有很好的示范与指导意义。

     

  • 图 1  雄安新区在冀中坳陷中的构造位置(a)与中元古界蓟县系顶界面埋深图(b)

    Figure 1.  Structural location of the Xiong′an New Area in Jizhong Depression (a) and buried depth of the top interface of Jixian System in Mesoproterozoic (b)

    图 2  安新-文安构造变换带平面图

    Figure 2.  Plan graph of Anxin-Wen′an structural transformation zone

    图 3  D34井抽水试验流量(Q)和降深(S)与时间(t)关系曲线图(观测时间2020年4月21日17∶00-2020年5月2日8∶00)

    Figure 3.  Q, S-t curve of water pumping test in the Gaoyuzhuang Formation in D34 Well

    图 4  华北深部结构剖面图(据文献[19]修改)

    Figure 4.  Sectional view of deep structure in North China

    图 5  冀中坳陷地壳-上地幔结构剖面图(据文献[19, 21]修改)

    Figure 5.  Structural profiles of crust-upper mantle of Jizhong Depression

    图 6  D34、D35井测温曲线图

    G为地温梯度,℃/100m

    Figure 6.  Temperature measurement curve of D34 and D35 Well

    图 7  冀中坳陷潜山测压水位标高等值线图(据文献[30]修改)

    Figure 7.  Contour map of the phreatic pressure level elevation in Jizhong Depression

    图 8  冀中坳陷碳酸盐岩地热水ρ(TDS)、γNa/γCl等值线图(据文献[32]修改)

    Figure 8.  Contour map of TDS and γNa/γCl about carbonate geothermal water in Jizhong Depression

    图 9  高阳地热田东北部深埋古潜山聚热模式图

    Figure 9.  Heat accumulation model of deep ancient buried hill in the northeast of the Gaoyang geothermal field

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-10-12

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