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黔东北梵净山地区沥青Re-Os同位素年龄对油气成藏年代的约束

于宁 彭伟 陈友智 马明哲

于宁, 彭伟, 陈友智, 马明哲. 黔东北梵净山地区沥青Re-Os同位素年龄对油气成藏年代的约束[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(5): 64-70, 82. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0505
引用本文: 于宁, 彭伟, 陈友智, 马明哲. 黔东北梵净山地区沥青Re-Os同位素年龄对油气成藏年代的约束[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(5): 64-70, 82. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0505
Yu Ning, Peng Wei, Chen Youzhi, Ma Mingzhe. Constraint of the isotopic age of asphalt Re-Os on the age of hydrocarbon accumulation in Fanjingshan area in Northeast Guizhou[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(5): 64-70, 82. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0505
Citation: Yu Ning, Peng Wei, Chen Youzhi, Ma Mingzhe. Constraint of the isotopic age of asphalt Re-Os on the age of hydrocarbon accumulation in Fanjingshan area in Northeast Guizhou[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(5): 64-70, 82. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0505

黔东北梵净山地区沥青Re-Os同位素年龄对油气成藏年代的约束

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0505
基金项目: 

贵州省科技计划项目"黔北地区寒武系牛蹄塘组页岩气成藏条件及关键控制因素研究" 黔科合JZ字[2015]2005

贵州理工学院校立项目"华北板块南缘长城纪裂谷沉积的黑色页岩Re-Os同位素约束及油气地质意义" 

详细信息
    作者简介:

    于宁(1980-), 男, 高级工程师, 主要从事构造地质学研究。E-mail: 1041171774@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    陈友智(1982-), 男, 讲师, 主要从事构造地质学、石油地质学研究。E-mail: cugchenyz@126.com

  • 中图分类号: P632+.7

Constraint of the isotopic age of asphalt Re-Os on the age of hydrocarbon accumulation in Fanjingshan area in Northeast Guizhou

  • 摘要: 黔东北梵净山地区位于雪峰隆起西缘,前寒武纪-早古生代黑色有机质岩系发育,沥青显示广泛。该区在新元古代-中生代经历了晋宁期、加里东期及印支期-燕山期多幕构造变形,前人对后两期构造与油气成藏的响应关系研究较多,而关于晋宁期构造与油气成藏之间的匹配关系则鲜有报道。选取黔东北梵净山地区宝塔组灰岩溶蚀孔、洞内的沥青开展了Re-Os同位素研究,测试结果显示等时线年龄为(915±129)Ma。结合区域地质分析表明,梵净山地区存在晋宁期原生油藏,在加里东期被改造形成次生油藏,古隆起控制了次生油气藏的分布。本研究丰富了雪峰隆起西缘油气成藏期次,同时也促进了复杂构造变形条件下次生油气藏成藏机理研究,对我国南方新元古界油气勘探有重要意义。

     

  • 图 1  研究区位置图(a)及采样区地质简图(b) (据文献[6, 16]修改)

    Figure 1.  Location map of the study area (a) and geological sketch of sampling area (b)

    图 2  被沥青充填的宝塔组灰岩“马蹄形”裂缝(a)和溶蚀洞(b)

    Figure 2.  "Horseshoe" fractures (a) and corroded cavities (b) filled with asphalt in limestone of the Baota Formation

    图 3  沥青样品Re-Os同位素等时线年龄

    a.所有样品数据的等时线年龄;b.样品BT1、BT3、BT4和BT7所得到的等时线年龄;c.样品BT1、BT4和BT7所得到的等时线年龄

    Figure 3.  Re-Os isotope isochron age of asphalt samples

    图 4  梵净山地区晋宁期古油藏演化模式图

    Pt3N.南华系; Pt3X.下江群; Pt3F.梵净山群

    Figure 4.  Evolution model of the ancient oil reservoirs in Jinning period in Fanjingshan area

    表  1  沥青样品Re、Os同位素比值

    Table  1.   Re and Os isotope ratio of asphalt samples

    样品号 Re wB/10-9 Os wB/10-12 187Re wB/10-9 192Os wB/10-12 187Osr wB/10-12 187Osr占比/% 187Re/188Os 187Os/188Os
    BT1 368.7 4 170.3 231.8 142.7 3 821.3 99.8 5 139.3 84.9
    BT2 495.2 6 422.0 311.2 139.2 6 081.6 99.9 7 075.6 138.5
    BT3 160.7 1 372.9 101.0 116.4 1 088.2 99.3 2 746.4 29.8
    BT4 1 231.2 13 034.4 773.9 252.1 12 417.8 99.9 9 714.0 156.1
    BT5 780.2 6 921.2 490.4 257.8 6 290.9 99.7 6 021.1 77.4
    BT7 890.5 8 979.7 559.7 228.1 8 421.8 99.8 7 764.9 117.0
    下载: 导出CSV
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