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湖底地下水排泄与湖泊水质演化

王焰新 杜尧 邓娅敏 甘义群 王沛芳 马腾 史建波 谢先军

王焰新, 杜尧, 邓娅敏, 甘义群, 王沛芳, 马腾, 史建波, 谢先军. 湖底地下水排泄与湖泊水质演化[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(1): 1-10. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0001
引用本文: 王焰新, 杜尧, 邓娅敏, 甘义群, 王沛芳, 马腾, 史建波, 谢先军. 湖底地下水排泄与湖泊水质演化[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(1): 1-10. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0001
Wang Yanxin, Du Yao, Deng Yamin, Gan Yiqun, Wang Peifang, Ma Teng, Shi Jianbo, Xie Xianjun. Lacustrine groundwater discharge and lake water quality evolution[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(1): 1-10. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0001
Citation: Wang Yanxin, Du Yao, Deng Yamin, Gan Yiqun, Wang Peifang, Ma Teng, Shi Jianbo, Xie Xianjun. Lacustrine groundwater discharge and lake water quality evolution[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(1): 1-10. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0001

湖底地下水排泄与湖泊水质演化

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0001
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 42020104005

国家自然科学基金项目 U21A2026

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王焰新(1963-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国科学院院士, 主要从事水文地质、环境地质领域的教学和科研工作。E-mail: yx.wang@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P641

Lacustrine groundwater discharge and lake water quality evolution

  • 摘要: 湖泊富营养化是当前全球范围内最为典型且严重的水环境问题之一,但过去偏重营养盐向湖泊的点源和面源输入评价,常常忽视地表水-地下水相互作用在湖泊水质形成与演化中的作用。总结了地下水-湖水相互作用模式,重点评述了地下水排泄过程对湖泊水文与水质影响的研究进展,对比了渗流仪测量、水量平衡、氡质量平衡、温度示踪、数值模拟等量化方法的优劣性与适用性,探讨了地下水向湖泊排泄的时空变异性、地下水-湖水界面氮磷的迁移转化等难点问题的研究现状,提出该领域未来研究方向主要包括:综合运用多种技术方法,表征湖底地下水排泄的时空变异性;揭示界面水文生物地球化学过程,量化地下水向湖泊排泄氮磷负荷;评估强烈人类活动改造对地下水-湖水相互作用的影响。

     

  • 图 1  地下水-湖水的相互作用模式

    a.地下水向湖泊排泄;b.湖水向地下水渗漏;c.地下水排泄与湖水渗漏同时发生

    Figure 1.  Groundwater-lake interaction patterns

    图 2  地下水向湖泊排泄的概念模式图

    Figure 2.  Conceptual model diagram of groundwater discharge to lakes

    图 3  全球已报道的地下水向湖泊排泄强度分布

    Figure 3.  Globally reported distribution of groundwater discharge intensity to lakes

    图 4  已知的全球不同地下水输入氮、磷负荷区间所对应的湖泊数量统计结果

    Figure 4.  Statistical results of the number of lakes corresponding to different global groundwater input nitrogen and phosphorus load intervals

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-11-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-03-02

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