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区域地下水流理论的发展历程与教材演变

蒋小伟 万力 王旭升 张志远

蒋小伟, 万力, 王旭升, 张志远. 区域地下水流理论的发展历程与教材演变[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(1): 43-49. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0004
引用本文: 蒋小伟, 万力, 王旭升, 张志远. 区域地下水流理论的发展历程与教材演变[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(1): 43-49. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0004
Jiang Xiaowei, Wan Li, Wang Xusheng, Zhang Zhiyuan. Evolution of the theory of regional groundwater flow and updates in textbooks[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(1): 43-49. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0004
Citation: Jiang Xiaowei, Wan Li, Wang Xusheng, Zhang Zhiyuan. Evolution of the theory of regional groundwater flow and updates in textbooks[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(1): 43-49. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0004

区域地下水流理论的发展历程与教材演变

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0004
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 42172270

中国地质大学(北京)教学研究与改革项目 JGYB202023

详细信息
    作者简介:

    蒋小伟(1982-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事水文地质学的教学和科研工作。E-mail: jxw@cugb.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P641

Evolution of the theory of regional groundwater flow and updates in textbooks

  • 摘要: Tóth提出的区域地下水流理论为盆地尺度地下水循环研究提供了定量分析方法。从4个方面总结区域地下水流理论发展历程,对比国外多本水文地质学教科书对区域地下水流理论的描述情况,系统梳理我国《水文地质学基础》教科书自1986到2018年的4个版本对区域地下水理论描述的演变情况。分析认为,我国《水文地质学基础》教科书对我国学者开展区域地下水流研究发挥了重要的推动作用,最后提出了区域地下水流理论有待解决的科学问题和引导更多青年学生从事该领域研究的建议。

     

  • 图 1  区域地下水跨层流动示意图(据文献[35]修改)

    Figure 1.  Diagram of regional cross-formation groundwater flow

    表  1  国外教科书关于地下水流系统的知识点

    Table  1.   Knowledge points in foreign textbooks on groundwater flow systems

    作者及年份 单元盆地流场及解析解 基于流网的补给区、排泄区定义 多级次水流系统及影响因素 河、湖附近的多级次水流系统 地下水流系统的野外识别 地下水流系统对自流井的控制 地下水流系统的不同类型实例及流场特征 开采对地下水流系统影响 地下水流系统的水化学演化
    Freeze等[6](1979)
    Fetter[7-8](1980, 2001)
    Domenico等[54] (1998)
    Deming [55](2002)
    Schwartz等[9](2003)
    Fitts[56-57] (2003, 2013)
    Hiscock等[10](2005), Bense等[11](2014)
    下载: 导出CSV
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