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基于物理模型试验的杆塔基础滑坡防护措施效果研究

李思德 李远耀 殷坤龙 钟源 刘毅 许艺林

李思德, 李远耀, 殷坤龙, 钟源, 刘毅, 许艺林. 基于物理模型试验的杆塔基础滑坡防护措施效果研究[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(2): 209-218. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0044
引用本文: 李思德, 李远耀, 殷坤龙, 钟源, 刘毅, 许艺林. 基于物理模型试验的杆塔基础滑坡防护措施效果研究[J]. 地质科技通报, 2022, 41(2): 209-218. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0044
Li Side, Li Yuanyao, Yin Kunlong, Zhong Yuan, Liu Yi, Xu Yilin. Study on the effect of tower foundation landslide protection measures based on a physical model test[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(2): 209-218. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0044
Citation: Li Side, Li Yuanyao, Yin Kunlong, Zhong Yuan, Liu Yi, Xu Yilin. Study on the effect of tower foundation landslide protection measures based on a physical model test[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(2): 209-218. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0044

基于物理模型试验的杆塔基础滑坡防护措施效果研究

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0044
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划项目 2018YFC0809402

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李思德(1997—), 男, 现正攻读地质工程专业硕士学位, 主要从事滑坡地质灾害预测预报及评估方面的研究工作。E-mail: 3227180571@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    李远耀(1978—), 男, 副研究员, 主要从事地质灾害机理与风险分析方面的研究和教学工作。E-mail: liyuanyao2004@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P642.22

Study on the effect of tower foundation landslide protection measures based on a physical model test

  • 摘要: 大量穿越山地丘陵区的高压输电线路杆塔基础常位于滑坡灾害高易发斜坡地段, 施加适当防护措施提高其稳定性, 是保障输电线路持续安全运行的关键。为研究不同防护措施对杆塔基础滑坡的防护效果, 以湖北省巴东县燕子滑坡为地质原型, 设计制作物理试验模型, 分别开展了极端降雨条件下滑坡在无防护、施加抗滑桩与格构护坡时的物理模型试验, 从试验角度揭示了滑坡变形破坏特征与不同防护措施的防护效果。试验结果表明: 在2种极端降雨工况(50, 100 mm/h)下, 无防护的滑坡体历经了坡表冲刷、裂缝扩展、局部垮塌变形与整体滑动的演化过程; 抗滑桩措施对滑坡整体的防护效果显著, 滑坡整体处于稳定状态, 杆塔基础变形较小, 杆塔倾斜率满足规范, 但坡表会出现冲刷垮塌现象; 格构护坡措施能有效减少坡面冲刷和坡脚垮塌风险, 但在持续强降雨条件下对杆塔基础的整体稳固作用稍弱。物理模型试验结果与滑坡历史变形和实际治理效果吻合, 试验结论可为类似杆塔基础滑坡的破坏机理研究与防护工程设计提供借鉴。

     

  • 图 1  燕子滑坡工程地质剖面图

    Figure 1.  Engineering geological section of the Yanzi landslide

    图 2  模型试验系统照片

    Figure 2.  Photographs of model test system

    图 3  相似杆塔模型

    Figure 3.  Similar tower model

    图 4  杆塔模型埋设照片

    Figure 4.  Photo of the buried tower model

    图 5  抗滑桩防护试验布置图(图中数值单位:cm)

    Figure 5.  Layout of anti-slide pile protection test

    图 6  格构护坡试验布置图(图中数值单位: cm)

    Figure 6.  layout of the lattice slope protection test

    图 7  第二次降雨过程坡体照片

    Figure 7.  Slope photos during the second rainfall

    图 8  坡体滑动后裂缝照片

    Figure 8.  Photos of cracks after slope sliding

    图 9  无防护试验坡体应力变化曲线图

    Figure 9.  Curve diagram of the stress variation of the slope without the protection test

    图 10  抗滑桩防护试验前后坡体照片

    Figure 10.  Photographs of the slope before and after the anti-slide pile protection test

    图 11  抗滑桩防护试验各监测点监测结果曲线

    a.孔隙水压力变化曲线;b.土压力变化曲线;c.应变变化曲线;d.杆塔倾斜度变化曲线

    Figure 11.  Monitoring results curve of each monitoring point in the anti-slide pile protection test

    图 12  格构护坡试验前后坡体照片

    Figure 12.  Photos of the slope before and after the lattice protection test

    图 13  格构护坡试验各监测点监测结果曲线

    a.孔隙水压力变化曲线;b.土压力变化曲线;c.应变变化曲线;d.杆塔倾斜度变化曲线

    Figure 13.  Curve of the monitoring results of each monitoring point in the lattice protection test

    图 14  杆塔倾斜率变化曲线(上角标2,3表示工况2和工况3,同表 2)

    Figure 14.  Variation curve of tower inclination rate

    表  1  滑坡原型及相似材料物理力学参数

    Table  1.   Physical and mechanical parameters of the landslide prototype and similar materials

    模型部位 材料组成及质量配比 天然密度ρ/(g·cm-3) 相似比1∶1 渗透系数k/(cm·s) 相似比 $1:\sqrt {300} $ 黏聚力c/kPa相似比1∶300 内摩擦角φ/(°) 相似比1∶1
    滑体(原型) 粉质黏土夹碎石 1.76 3.66×10-4 25.80 23.8
    滑体(相似材料) 滑体土(含碎石):河砂∶膨润土∶水= 10∶10∶3∶4 1.77 2.15×10-5 6.80 23.7
    滑带(原型) 粉质黏土 1.95 4.67 21.3
    滑带(相似材料) 玻璃珠∶膨润土∶水=15∶5∶2 1.96 0.20 21.0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  试验工况设计

    Table  2.   Design of test conditions

    工况 防护措施 降雨情况
    1 无防护 50 mm/h降雨4 h静置2 h;100 mm/h降雨4 h,静置2 h
    2 抗滑桩 50 mm/h降雨4 h静置2 h;100 mm/h降雨4 h,静置2 h
    3 格构护坡加排水沟 50 mm/h降雨4 h静置2 h;100 mm/h降雨4 h,静置2 h
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  杆塔地基变形允许值

    Table  3.   Allowable values of pole tower foundation deformation

    杆塔总高度/m [0, 50) [50, 100) [100, 150) [150, 200) [200, 250) [250, 300]
    最大倾斜率 0.006 0.005 0.004 0.003 0.002 0.0015
    注:倾斜率值为基础倾斜方向两端点的沉降差与其距离的比值
    下载: 导出CSV
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