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地下水停采后地面沉降区地下水氟的演化规律: 以沧州市为例

孙丹阳 李和学 刘强 李俊霞

孙丹阳, 李和学, 刘强, 李俊霞. 地下水停采后地面沉降区地下水氟的演化规律: 以沧州市为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(4): 218-227. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0108
引用本文: 孙丹阳, 李和学, 刘强, 李俊霞. 地下水停采后地面沉降区地下水氟的演化规律: 以沧州市为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(4): 218-227. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0108
Sun Danyang, Li Hexue, Liu Qiang, Li Junxia. Evolution of groundwater fluoride in land subsidence areas after groundwater cessation: A case study at Cangzhou[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(4): 218-227. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0108
Citation: Sun Danyang, Li Hexue, Liu Qiang, Li Junxia. Evolution of groundwater fluoride in land subsidence areas after groundwater cessation: A case study at Cangzhou[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(4): 218-227. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0108

地下水停采后地面沉降区地下水氟的演化规律: 以沧州市为例

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0108
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 42177067

国家自然科学基金项目 42020104005

详细信息
    作者简介:

    孙丹阳(1998—), 女, 现正攻读环境工程专业硕士学位, 主要从事地下水污染与防治研究工作。E-mail: sundy122122@126.com

    通讯作者:

    李俊霞(1987—), 女, 副教授, 主要从事地下水污染与防治研究工作。E-mail: jxli@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: X141

Evolution of groundwater fluoride in land subsidence areas after groundwater cessation: A case study at Cangzhou

  • 摘要:

    南水北调工程极大改善了我国北方的用水问题, 进一步减少了深层地下水的开采量, 缓解了华北平原地下水长期亏损的情况, 但其对区域地下水水化学演化的影响尚未可知。以地面沉降典型分布区沧州市为研究对象, 研究南水北调工程通水及地下水停采后对地下水水化学的影响。采集2017年及2021年区域第Ⅲ、Ⅳ层承压地下水样品, 探究水化学特征, 并通过SBAS-InSAR技术进一步评估区域年均地面形变量, 分析地下水停采后区域水质及氟时空变化的影响。研究发现: 压缩开采后深层地下水氟含量略微降低, 高值区面积减小, 高pH、TDS和ρ(HCO3-), 低ρ(Ca2+)的地下水环境有利于氟的富集; 水化学类型没有改变, 地下水盐分含量升高, 岩盐、萤石溶解更充分; 同时, 全区地面沉降量及沉降速率较南水北调工程实施前明显放缓, 东南部存在小面积地面抬升区。地面沉降的减缓抑制了隔水层黏土压密释水, 减弱黏土孔隙高氟水的直接释放, 侧向径流补给占比上升, 含水层得到的有效补给变多, 使得区域地下水中氟浓度降低。但较长的水力停留时间及水岩相互作用, 可促使沉积物蒸发岩溶解迁移进入地下水中, 使得近海区域深层地下水中盐分含量升高。研究成果对沧州市饮用水安全和水资源管理提供了科学依据。

     

  • 图 1  研究区采样点位置、地质构造[41]与历史地面沉降[32]

    Figure 1.  Location of sampling sites, geological formations and historical ground subsidence in the study area

    图 2  研究区水文地质剖面图[8]

    Figure 2.  Hydrogeological cross section of the study area

    图 3  沧州市深层地下水2017年与2021年ρ(TDS)(a)、ρ(Cl-)(b)、ρ(Na+)(c)、ρ(F-)(d)空间分布图

    Figure 3.  Spatial distribution of ρ(TDS)(a), ρ(Cl-)(b), ρ(Na+)(c) and ρ(F-) (d) concentrations in the deep groundwater of Cangzhou in 2017 and 2021

    图 4  地下水水样的Piper三线图

    Figure 4.  Piper diagram of groundwater samples

    图 5  深层地下水ρ(F-)与ρ(TDS)(a)、ρ(Ca2+)(b)、ρ(HCO3-)(c)的关系

    Figure 5.  Correlations between ρ(F-) concentration and ρ(TDS) (a), ρ(Ca2+) (b), ρ(HCO3-) (c) in deep groundwater

    图 6  地下水样本Na+/HCO3-(摩尔比)与Na+/Ca2+(摩尔比)的双变量图

    Figure 6.  Bivariate plots of Na+/HCO3- (molar ratio) and Na+/Ca2+ (molar ratio) for groundwater samples

    图 7  萤石和方解石饱和度指数的关系(a)与萤石和岩盐饱和度指数的关系(b)

    Figure 7.  Relationship between fluorite and calcite saturation index(a), and relationship between fluorite and halite saturation index(b)

    图 8  沧州市中部地区平均形变速率与2017-2021年ρ(F-)变化量(a), 区域1(b)和区域2(c)2017-2021年ρ(F-)变化量与形变速率的关系

    Figure 8.  Map of the mean deformation rate across central Cangzhou and the amount of change in F-concentration from 2017 to 2021(a), correlations between the amount of change in F-concentration and the deformation rate from 2017 to 2021 for region 1(b) and region 2(c)

    图 9  沧州市深层地下水Cl/Br摩尔比与ρ(F-)的关系

    Figure 9.  Corrlations between the Cl/Br molar ratio and ρ(F-) concentration for deep groundwater in Cangzhou

    表  1  沧州市第四系含水层地层、含水层组和岩性描述[26-28]

    Table  1.   Description of aquifer stratigraphy, aquifer group and lithology of the Quaternary aquifer in Cangzhou

    含水层组 符号 底板埋深/m 总厚度/m 岩性描述
    第1含水层组(Ⅰ) 全新统 Q4 15~30 20~30 含淤泥质粉土、粉质黏土夹细砂粉砂
    第2含水层组(Ⅱ) 上更新统 Q3 120~220 50~150 粉土、粉质黏土、粉细砂、中细砂、卵石
    第3含水层组(Ⅲ) 中更新统 Q2 250~350 80~180 粉质黏土夹砂、砾石
    第4含水层组(Ⅳ) 下更新统 Q1 350~550 100~200 厚层黏土、粉质黏土夹砂
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  地下水样品常规水化学参数统计分析

    Table  2.   Statistical analysis of routine hydrochemical parameters of groundwater samples

    指标 2017年 2021年
    中位数 平均值 最大值 最小值 中位数 平均值 最大值 最小值
    pH 8.25 8.27 9.03 7.82 9.01 8.94 10.06 6.95
    ρ(TDS)/(mg·L-1) 858.3 960.6 2 203.0 288.8 1 292.0 1 477.0 3 596.0 320.0
    ρ(F-)/(mg·L-1) 3.40 3.46 7.353 0.561 2.95 3.06 5.89 1.18
    ρ(Cl-)/(mg·L-1) 137.6 199.1 657.2 34.01 386.9 537.2 1 760.0 30.47
    ρ(SO42-)/(mg·L-1) 191.1 209.6 542.5 40.44 157.2 222.9 537.6 26.90
    ρ(HCO3-+CO32-)/(mg·L-1) 365.9 338.4 491.7 130.6 350.2 308.4 547.8 102.8
    ρ(K+)/(mg·L-1) 1.04 1.21 3.09 0.34 1.36 1.68 9.85 0.25
    ρ(Na+)/(mg·L-1) 325.3 348.3 811.2 88.39 428.3 488.4 1 009 121.6
    ρ(Ca2+)/(mg·L-1) 13.74 16.47 57.89 4.72 18.12 28.39 178.6 未检出
    ρ(Mg2+)/(mg·L-1) 11.7 13.18 36.21 0.95 3.95 8.94 75.34 未检出
    ρ(NO3-)/(mg·L-1) 0 0.09 3.32 未检出 0 0.04 1.02 未检出
    Cl/Br摩尔比 1 468 1 355 2 501 530.4 1 020 1 090 1 929 468.8
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-12-14
  • 录用日期:  2023-02-10
  • 修回日期:  2022-02-07

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