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基于温度示踪的高寒地区河水与地下水相互作用: 以黑河上游流域为例

张淑勋 孙自永 潘艳喜 李鑫 潘钊

张淑勋, 孙自永, 潘艳喜, 李鑫, 潘钊. 基于温度示踪的高寒地区河水与地下水相互作用: 以黑河上游流域为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(4): 95-106. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220054
引用本文: 张淑勋, 孙自永, 潘艳喜, 李鑫, 潘钊. 基于温度示踪的高寒地区河水与地下水相互作用: 以黑河上游流域为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(4): 95-106. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220054
Zhang Shuxun, Sun Ziyong, Pan Yanxi, Li Xin, Pan Zhao. Using temperature to trace river-groundwater interactions in alpine regions: A case study in the upper reaches of the Heihe River[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(4): 95-106. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220054
Citation: Zhang Shuxun, Sun Ziyong, Pan Yanxi, Li Xin, Pan Zhao. Using temperature to trace river-groundwater interactions in alpine regions: A case study in the upper reaches of the Heihe River[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(4): 95-106. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220054

基于温度示踪的高寒地区河水与地下水相互作用: 以黑河上游流域为例

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220054
基金项目: 

中科院A类先导战略计划 XDA20100103

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张淑勋(1995—), 男, 工程师, 主要从事水工环调查评价、勘查设计等方面的工作。E-mail: 1309896634@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    孙自永(1978—), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事生态水文学、寒区水文学等领域的教学和科研工作。E-mail: ziyong.sun@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P641

Using temperature to trace river-groundwater interactions in alpine regions: A case study in the upper reaches of the Heihe River

  • 摘要:

    高寒地区是世界众多大型河流的源区,了解区内河水与地下水的相互作用对流域水资源科学管理具有重要意义。因广泛发育多年冻土,高寒地区河床底部局部融区的形成和动态变化控制着河水与地下水的转换,导致两者间水力关系的复杂性和特殊性。受观测条件限制,目前高寒地区河水与地下水相互作用的研究极少,少量已有研究也多采用同位素和水化学示踪方法,成本高且精度低。采用观测成本更低但精度与密度更高的温度信号作为示踪剂,以量化河水和地下水之间的交换;利用垂向一维瞬态热运移解析模型,定量计算不同深度处河水与地下水的交换流速;利用分布式测温光纤系统的观测结果,分析河水与地下水相互作用的时空动态变化特征。研究结果表明:高寒地区河水与地下水的交换存在强烈的时空差异, 季节与气候的转换对河水与地下水的交换量起着控制作用,甚至能够改变河水与地下水的交换方向,河水与地下水的交换量随着冻土活动层加深而增加。温度示踪方法适用于高寒冻土区河水与地下水相互作用研究,2种温度示踪方法的联合使用可有效提高研究精度与准确性,为缺乏基础水文地质数据的高寒地区提供一种可行的研究思路。

     

  • 图 1  研究区地理位置图

    Figure 1.  Location of the study ares

    图 2  多年冻土区(A)和季节性冻土区(B)监测点沉积物温度场时空分布特征的动态变化

    Figure 2.  Dynamic changes in the characteristics of the temporal and spatial distributions of the sedimental temperature field of the frozen soil area (A) and seasonal frozen soil area (B)

    图 3  多年冻土区水平温度剖面上河水温度动态变化

    Figure 3.  River temperature dynamic changes on the horizontal temperature profile in frozen soil area

    图 4  季节性冻土区水平温度剖面上河水温度动态变化

    Figure 4.  River temperature dynamic changes on the horizontal temperature profile in seasonal frozen soil area

    图 5  多年冻土区河段河床表面温度随时间和空间位置的变化

    Figure 5.  Changes of riverbed surface temperature with temporal and spatial position in permaforst region

    图 6  季节性冻土区河段河床表面温度随时间和空间位置的变化

    Figure 6.  Changes of riverbed surface tempevature with temporal and spatial position in seasonal frozen soil area

    图 7  多年冻土区(a)和季节性冻土区(b)“异常区”和“正常区”温度曲线对比图

    Figure 7.  Comparison chart of the "Innocent Zone" and "Normal District" temperature curve of the frozen soil area (a) and the seasonal frozen soil area (b)

    图 8  基于Hatch振幅法的多年冻土区(A)和季节性冻土区(B)河床沉积物不同深度处的交换流速

    Figure 8.  Exchange velocity at different depths of the riverbed deposition over frozen soil area (A) and seasonal frozen soil area (B) based on the Hatch amplitude method

    表  1  Hatch振幅法使用的热力学参数值[27]

    Table  1.   Thermodynamic parameter values used in the Hatch amplitude method

    参数 符号 单位 取值
    孔隙度 n 无量纲 0.28
    基准导热系数 λ0 J·s-1·m-1·℃-1 1.30
    热弥散度 β m 0.001
    沉积物体积热容 C J·m-3·℃-1 2.09×106
    水体积热容 Cw J·m-3·℃-1 4.18×106
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-02-15
  • 录用日期:  2022-09-13
  • 修回日期:  2022-09-06

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