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渭河盆地南缘早更新世风成相和湖相沉积环境演化

王婷 张航 孙有斌

王婷, 张航, 孙有斌. 渭河盆地南缘早更新世风成相和湖相沉积环境演化[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(6): 95-105. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220111
引用本文: 王婷, 张航, 孙有斌. 渭河盆地南缘早更新世风成相和湖相沉积环境演化[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(6): 95-105. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220111
Wang Ting, Zhang Hang, Sun Youbin. Sedimentary evolution revealed by aeolian and lacustrine depositions in the southern margin of the Weihe Basin during the Early Pleistocene[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(6): 95-105. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220111
Citation: Wang Ting, Zhang Hang, Sun Youbin. Sedimentary evolution revealed by aeolian and lacustrine depositions in the southern margin of the Weihe Basin during the Early Pleistocene[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(6): 95-105. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220111

渭河盆地南缘早更新世风成相和湖相沉积环境演化

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220111
基金项目: 

中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(B类) XDB40000000

黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室开放基金 SKLLQG1831

孝感市自然科学计划项目 XGKJ2023010065

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王婷(1994—), 女, 讲师, 主要从事风尘沉积与季风研究工作。E-mail: wangting690@163.com

    通讯作者:

    孙有斌(1973—), 男, 研究员, 主要从事风尘沉积、古季风演化及粉尘源区干旱化研究工作。E-mail: sunyb@ieecas.cn

  • 中图分类号: P618.13

Sedimentary evolution revealed by aeolian and lacustrine depositions in the southern margin of the Weihe Basin during the Early Pleistocene

  • 摘要:

    受地球轨道参数诱导的太阳辐射变化和两极冰盖消长的共同影响, 第四纪气候环境演化表现出阶段性变冷及显著的冰期-间冰期波动特征。位于亚洲季风区关键地带的渭河盆地堆积了新生代以来巨厚的河湖相沉积以及风成沉积, 是研究第四纪环境演化的重要区域。盆地堆积的下更新统三门组河湖相地层被认为和古三门湖有密切联系, 但目前对于三门组地层年龄和古三门湖演化及其与区域活动演化是否有联系尚未达成共识。相比单一沉积载体研究, 选取渭河盆地南缘阎峪风成相黄土和武家堡湖相沉积2种沉积载体进行对比分析, 探讨了同期异相沉积记录的粒度和磁化率变化特征, 重建了渭河盆地南缘早更新世(距今2.6~1.6 Ma)沉积环境演化。结果表明, 阎峪记录的黄土-古土壤序列平均粒径和磁化率变化良好地记录了东亚冬、夏季风的盛衰演化历史; 武家堡指示的盆地南缘沉积环境在距今1.95 Ma由湖相转变为风成相沉积, 湖相沉积粒径和磁化率变化呈正相关关系, 敏感响应湖平面高低波动。风成相与湖相记录揭示了渭河盆地边缘早更新世环境演化经历了[2.6, 1.95)Ma的湖盆演化和[1.95, 1.6]Ma的湖盆萎缩-风成相堆积, 湖盆萎缩受黄河贯通影响强烈。

     

  • 图 1  渭河盆地地理位置及采样点[33-34]

    Figure 1.  Location of the Weihe Basin and sampling areas

    图 2  阎峪剖面(a)和武家堡剖面(b)照片及岩性柱

    阎峪剖面为黄土-古土壤及新近纪红黏土沉积,武家堡剖面呈顶部风成和下部的三门组湖相沉积

    Figure 2.  Photoes and litholog columns of Yanyu section (a) and Wujiabu section (b)

    图 3  阎峪黄土-古土壤序列(a)和武家堡湖相沉积(b)的粒度(蓝色)和磁化率(红色)

    a中黄色阴影指示古土壤层;b中蓝色阴影表示粒度记录的粗砂层,灰色竖线指示了湖相转变为风成相的位置

    Figure 3.  Mean grain size (MGS, blue) and magnetic susceptibility (MS, red) profiles in the Yanyu (a) and Wujiabu (b) sections

    图 4  阎峪剖面(a)和西峰/灵台剖面[17](b)磁化率(红色)及粒度(蓝色)变化对比

    灰色虚线表示选择的年龄控制点,黄色阴影表示不同层位的古土壤层

    Figure 4.  Comparison of MGS (blue) and MS (red) in Yanyu (a) with the Xifeng/Lingtai sections[17](b)

    图 5  武家堡剖面的初始(a)和改进(b)年代标尺

    a.基于交变退磁结果建立的初始年龄标尺的武家堡平均粒径(蓝色)、沉积速率(橘色)和西峰/灵台平均粒径[17](红色)对比,深灰色竖直虚线表示3个古地磁倒转点,浅灰色竖直虚线表示基于S22及S25增加的年龄控制点,黄色阴影指示年代偏差的阶段;b.基于改进年龄标尺的武家堡平均粒径(蓝色)、沉积速率(橘色)和西峰/灵台平均粒径(红色)对比

    Figure 5.  Original (a) and improved (b) age models of the Wujiabu section

    图 6  阎峪和武家堡剖面的粒度分布(a)和粒径-磁化率关系(b)对比

    a.阎峪部分的黄土-古土壤样品(蓝色),武家堡的部分风成相样品(绿色),部分湖相(红色)样品,虚线指示不同样品的众数粒径;b.阎峪(蓝色)和武家堡18.5 m以上的风成(绿色),及以下的湖相(红色)粒度-磁化率对应关系,黑色椭圆分别指示风成相(左)和湖相(右)的投点位置

    Figure 6.  Grain-size distribution curves (a) and correlation between MGS and MS (b) of the Yanyu and the Wujiabu sections

    图 7  渭河盆地河流阶地同青藏高原活动的关系以及本研究指标和其他气候记录对比

    a.已有研究记录的1.9 Ma前后沉积环境改变[67-69],及渭河盆地阶地年龄[70]、陇中盆地阶地年龄(临夏和兰州)[71]、隆升速率/海拔指示的第四纪青藏高原隆升过程[66],黑色虚线框为本研究涉及的时段;b.偏心率[65];c.65°N地区7月平均太阳辐射[65];d.武家堡平均粒径;e.阎峪平均粒径;f.武家堡磁化率;g.阎峪磁化率;h.全球57个海洋钻孔集成的底栖δ18O记录[6]。黄色阴影表示深海氧同位素阶段中的温暖期,灰色实线表示武家堡在MIS 74冷阶段发生沉积相变、湖盆萎缩

    Figure 7.  Correlation of the river terraces in the Weihe Basin with uplifting process of Tibetan Plateau, and comparison of the study indicators with other climatic records

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-17
  • 录用日期:  2022-05-10
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