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Termit盆地上白垩统Yogou组烃源岩埋藏史、热演化史和生烃史模拟

王涛 王洋 袁圣强 毛凤军 刘计国 郭小文 杨锐

王涛, 王洋, 袁圣强, 毛凤军, 刘计国, 郭小文, 杨锐. Termit盆地上白垩统Yogou组烃源岩埋藏史、热演化史和生烃史模拟[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(6): 151-161. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220140
引用本文: 王涛, 王洋, 袁圣强, 毛凤军, 刘计国, 郭小文, 杨锐. Termit盆地上白垩统Yogou组烃源岩埋藏史、热演化史和生烃史模拟[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(6): 151-161. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220140
Wang Tao, Wang Yang, Yuan Shengqiang, Mao Fengjun, Liu Jiguo, Guo Xiaowen, Yang Rui. Simulation of burial history, thermal evolution history, and hydrocarbon generation history of the Upper Cretaceous Yogou Formation source rocks in the Termit Basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(6): 151-161. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220140
Citation: Wang Tao, Wang Yang, Yuan Shengqiang, Mao Fengjun, Liu Jiguo, Guo Xiaowen, Yang Rui. Simulation of burial history, thermal evolution history, and hydrocarbon generation history of the Upper Cretaceous Yogou Formation source rocks in the Termit Basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(6): 151-161. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220140

Termit盆地上白垩统Yogou组烃源岩埋藏史、热演化史和生烃史模拟

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220140
基金项目: 

中国石油科技创新基金项目 2020D-5007-0103

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王涛(1997—),男,现正攻读地质资源与地质工程(油气)专业硕士学位,主要从事石油地质方面的研究工作。E-mail: wt274854041@cug.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    杨锐(1987—),男,教授,主要从事石油与天然气地质相关的教学与研究工作。E-mail: yangyingrui@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P618.13

Simulation of burial history, thermal evolution history, and hydrocarbon generation history of the Upper Cretaceous Yogou Formation source rocks in the Termit Basin

  • 摘要:

    Yogou组烃源岩作为尼日尔Termit盆地晚白垩世重要的烃源岩层系, 然而缺乏对该套地层的埋藏史、热演化史和生烃史的系统研究, 制约了该地区油气成藏规律的认识。结合钻井、地震二维剖面及地球化学等资料, 利用BasinMod盆地模拟软件中生烃动力学模型, 恢复了Termit盆地Yogou组烃源岩热演化史, 分析不同地区烃源岩的热演化特征及其与油气成藏的匹配关系, 为Termit盆地下一步油气勘探提供了重要依据。研究表明, Termit盆地热流值具有明显的两段式演化特征, 初始热流值较低, 古近纪晚期热流值达到最大, 热流值介于64.3~69.2 mW/m2之间; 新近纪以来, 盆地热状态表现为持续冷却, 现今热流值介于60.7~67.4 mW/m2之间。Yogou组顶部烃源岩在55 Ma进入生烃门限(Ro=0.5%), 达到生烃高峰(Ro=1.0%)的时间为35 Ma, 在27.5 Ma进入高成熟演化阶段(Ro=1.3%)。Yogou组烃源岩存在2期生烃过程, 晚白垩世末期(70~60 Ma)生烃阶段主要存在于盆地深凹陷区, 古近纪(40~20 Ma)是全盆地主要的生烃阶段。盆地不同构造带对比发现, Dinga凹陷烃源岩具有成熟度更高, 生烃时间更早和生烃能力更强等特征, 可为Termit盆地储层提供充足油气来源。古近纪Termit盆地断裂强烈活动, 促使底部烃源岩生成的油气在古近系储层中聚集成藏。研究成果为Termit盆地烃源岩生烃潜力评价提供依据, 并为该盆地油气勘探提供理论指导。

     

  • 图 1  Termit盆地构造单元与模拟井位和测线位置

    Figure 1.  Tectonic unit, and locations of modeling seismic line, well positions of the Termit Basin

    图 2  Termit盆地地层综合柱状图[21]

    Figure 2.  Stratigraphic composite histogram of the Termit Basin

    图 3  Termit盆地Yogou组烃源岩地球化学特征

    Figure 3.  Geochemical characteristics of source rocks of the Yogou Formation in the Termit Basin

    图 4  Termit盆地单井模拟地温和成熟度与实测值拟合

    Figure 4.  Fitting of simulated geotemperature and maturity to measured values for a single well in the Termit Basin

    图 5  TN-1D井热流演化史

    Figure 5.  Evolution history of heat flow in well TN-1D

    图 6  Termit盆地单井和虚拟井成熟史模拟

    Figure 6.  Maturation history simulations of single well and virtual well in Termit Basin

    图 7  二维剖面成熟度模拟结果

    Figure 7.  Simulation results of maturity in the 2D section

    图 8  二维剖面Yogou组顶部烃源岩成熟度演化

    Figure 8.  Maturity evolution of source rocks at the top of the Yogou Formation in the 2D section

    图 9  Termit盆地单井和虚拟井Yogou组地层生烃史

    Figure 9.  Hydrocarbon generation history of the Yougou Formation of single and virtual wells in the Termit Basin

    图 10  Termit盆地生储盖层分布与成藏要素匹配关系

    Figure 10.  Distribution of source-reservoir-cap rocks in the Termit Basin and matching relation with the reservoir-forming elements

    表  1  Termit盆地单井热流值

    Table  1.   Single-well heat flow values in the Termit Basin

    井名 现今热流值/(mW·m-2) 最大古热流值/(mW·m-2)
    M-1井 62.5 67.6
    YN-1井 60.7 64.3
    TN-1D井 67.4 69.2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  Termit盆地底部烃源岩成熟度演化史及生烃史特征

    Table  2.   Maturity evolution and hydrocarbon generation history characteristics of bottom source rocks in the Termit Basin

    井名 烃源岩成熟阶段距今时间/Ma 开始生烃距今时间/Ma 生烃高峰距今时间/Ma
    Ro=0.5% Ro=0.7% Ro=1.3% Ro=2%
    M-1井 49.0 15.5 66.0 25.0
    YN-1井 64.5 39.5 15.0 69.0 29.0
    TN-1D井 59.0 24.5 68.0 24.5
    D-X井 68.2 67.1 65.2 59.4 67.6 66.2
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-29
  • 录用日期:  2022-05-20
  • 修回日期:  2022-05-18

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