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江汉盆地新生代早期河流演化研究:来自地表河流和盆地钻孔碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄的约束

张洋 陈孝康 林旭 李长安 刘海金 刘杰

张洋, 陈孝康, 林旭, 李长安, 刘海金, 刘杰. 江汉盆地新生代早期河流演化研究:来自地表河流和盆地钻孔碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄的约束[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(6): 106-117. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220154
引用本文: 张洋, 陈孝康, 林旭, 李长安, 刘海金, 刘杰. 江汉盆地新生代早期河流演化研究:来自地表河流和盆地钻孔碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄的约束[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(6): 106-117. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220154
Zhang Yang, Chen Xiaokang, Lin Xu, Li Chang'an, Liu Haijin, Liu Jie. Early Cenozoic drainage evolution in the Jianghan Basin: Constraints from detrital zircon U-Pb ages of surface rivers and cores in the basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(6): 106-117. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220154
Citation: Zhang Yang, Chen Xiaokang, Lin Xu, Li Chang'an, Liu Haijin, Liu Jie. Early Cenozoic drainage evolution in the Jianghan Basin: Constraints from detrital zircon U-Pb ages of surface rivers and cores in the basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(6): 106-117. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220154

江汉盆地新生代早期河流演化研究:来自地表河流和盆地钻孔碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄的约束

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220154
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 41972212

湖北省楚天学者人才计划 8210403

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张洋(1987—), 男, 讲师, 主要从事建筑与土木工程相关研究工作。E-mail: 33702577@cug.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    林旭(1984—), 男, 副教授, 主要从事青藏高原隆升和中国大河起源的教学和科研工作。E-mail: hanwuji-life@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P534.6;P343.1

Early Cenozoic drainage evolution in the Jianghan Basin: Constraints from detrital zircon U-Pb ages of surface rivers and cores in the basin

  • 摘要:

    大型河流的演化是构造-气候相互作用的结果, 对其开展演化历史研究是揭示地球深部动力过程对地表过程影响的关键切入点。保存于江汉盆地的新生代地层详细记录了汉江、长江等大型河流的演化信息。通过对汉江流域进行系统的碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄分析(n = 690), 结合前人在江汉盆地主要汇入河流发表的锆石U-Pb年龄数据, 将其与江汉盆地内早始新世沉积钻孔的锆石U-Pb年龄数据进行了对比。结果表明, 汉江下游的碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄物质组成混合了秦岭西部、大巴山和秦岭东部的河流碎屑物质信号, 采用其下游干流样品的锆石U-Pb年龄组成进行物源对比更具有代表性; 江汉盆地早始新世的碎屑物质主要来自秦岭和大别山, 这主要归结为江汉盆地内部断陷与这些造山带的隆升形成显著的地势差异, 为大型河流发育奠定基础; 发源于武陵山和黄陵背斜的河流此时并不是江汉盆地中部、东部和南部凹陷的物质供给河流; 黄陵背斜以西的长江在早始新世未进入江汉盆地。总体而言, 江汉盆地在新生代早期的沉积物源以近源造山带为主, 是对盆地周缘造山带隆升和类季风气候的沉积响应。

     

  • 图 1  江汉盆地位置图

    图中数字分别代表前人采样点(1[5],2[6],3[7])。1为长江、汉江和湘江的采样点,分别位于宜昌、钟祥和长沙;2为汉江的采样点,靠近武汉;3的采样点主要位于长江各主要支流汇入其干流前几千米处

    Figure 1.  Location of the Jianghan Basin

    图 2  江汉盆地地层构造划分和地层柱状图

    a. 江汉盆地构造单元划分(据文献[31]修改),c-c代表图 2-c中的剖面位置; b. 江汉盆地沉积地层柱状图(据文献[31]修改); c. 江汉盆地剖面c-c古近纪时沉积相复原图(据文献[32]修改)

    Figure 2.  Stratigraphic structure division and column chart of the Jianghan Basin

    图 3  江汉盆地钻孔位置图

    a. 江汉盆地地质图(据文献[36]修改); b. 钻孔采样图(据文献[36])

    Figure 3.  Borehole locations in the Jianghan Basin

    图 4  野外样品采集点分布图

    图中数字代表前人采样点(1[5]、2[29]、3[6]),1和2采样点靠近襄阳,3采样点靠近武汉

    Figure 4.  Distribution of sampling locations with the number for previous sampling points

    图 5  锆石Th/U结果散点图

    Figure 5.  Scatter plot of the ratio of Th/U for detrital zircon grains

    图 6  江汉及唐白河锆石U-Pb年龄频率分布图

    a~g. 汉江上游和中游(本次研究); h. 唐白河(据文献[26]); i. 汉江下游(据文献[40])

    Figure 6.  Frequency distribution of detrital zircon U-Pb ages in the Hanjiag river and Tangbai river

    图 7  汉江盆地锆石U-Pb年龄频率分布图

    a~e. 钻孔数据(据文献[36]); f. 长江(据文献[29]); g. 汉江(据文献[6]); h~l. 沮漳河、湘江、清江+澧水+沅江、汨罗江+陆水、澴水+举水+巴水(据文献[5])

    Figure 7.  U-Pb age frequency distribution of zircons in the Jianghan Basin

    图 8  江汉盆地锆石U-Pb年龄三维MDS图

    Figure 8.  Three dimensional scaling map of the detrital zircon U-Pb ages in the Jianghan Basin

    图 9  古地理重建图

    a. 早始新世华南板块河流分布图;b. 早古近纪华南板块构造与气候特征图(据文献[52, 62]修改)

    Figure 9.  Paleogeographic reconstruction

    表  1  样品采集信息

    Table  1.   Collected sampling information

    河流/钻孔(样品) 采样点 经度(E) 纬度(N) 数据来源
    堰河(MX-1) 勉县 106°43′1″ 33°08′51″ 本研究
    漾家河(MX-3) 勉县 106°44′15″ 33°07′38″ 本研究
    汉江(ML-1) 勉县 106°44′43″ 33°08′34″ 本研究
    旬河(XYH-1) 旬阳 109°20′07″ 32°49′18″ 本研究
    汉江(XY-1) 旬阳 109°21′29″ 32°46′08″ 本研究
    堵河(DY-1) 黄龙 110°33′43″ 32°41′10″ 本研究
    汉江(XF-1) 襄阳 111°58′18″ 32°05′43″ 本研究
    汉江 武汉 114°12′02″ 30°35′12″ 文献[6]
    唐白河 襄阳 112°18′36″ 32°07′45″ 文献[5]
    长江 宜昌 111°18′43″ 30°39′49″ 文献[29]
    沮漳河 当阳 111°44′56″ 30°53′59″ 文献[5]
    澴河 孝昌 113°57′47″ 31°14′58″ 文献[5]
    倒水 李集 114°40′08″ 30°52′59″ 文献[5]
    举水 新洲 114°45′42″ 30°55′47″ 文献[5]
    巴河 竹瓦 115°06′11″ 30°38′33″ 文献[5]
    陆水 赤壁 113°51′34″ 29°44′56″ 文献[5]
    汨罗江 汨罗 113°08′54″ 28°47′30″ 文献[5]
    湘江 衡阳 112°56′55″ 28°08′21″ 文献[29]
    资江 桃江 112°11′49″ 28°36′09″ 文献[5]
    沅江 武陵 111°38′27″ 28°59′38″ 文献[5]
    澧水 澧县 111°49′55″ 29°37′23″ 文献[5]
    清江 宜都 107°29′06″ 29°32′55″ 文献[5]
    钻孔(M96) 文献[36]
    钻孔(Yx2) 文献[36]
    钻孔(Yx1) 文献[36]
    钻孔(Y1-1) 文献[36]
    钻孔(Jx9) 文献[36]
    钻孔(Cc1) 文献[36]
    钻孔(H12) 文献[36]
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-04-08
  • 录用日期:  2022-05-09
  • 修回日期:  2022-04-20

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