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湖北来凤革勒车地区铅锌-萤石矿流体包裹体与C-H-O-S-Pb同位素特征及其地质意义

罗华 郭盼 刘力 潘龙克 段先锋 毛启曦 廖明芳

罗华, 郭盼, 刘力, 潘龙克, 段先锋, 毛启曦, 廖明芳. 湖北来凤革勒车地区铅锌-萤石矿流体包裹体与C-H-O-S-Pb同位素特征及其地质意义[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(1): 39-50. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220242
引用本文: 罗华, 郭盼, 刘力, 潘龙克, 段先锋, 毛启曦, 廖明芳. 湖北来凤革勒车地区铅锌-萤石矿流体包裹体与C-H-O-S-Pb同位素特征及其地质意义[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(1): 39-50. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220242
LUO Hua, GUO Pan, LIU Li, PAN Longke, DUAN Xianfeng, MAO Qixi, LIAO Mingfang. Fluid inclusion and C-H-O-S-Pb isotope characteristics and geological significance of lead-zinc-fluorite deposits in the Geleche area, Laifeng, Hubei Province[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(1): 39-50. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220242
Citation: LUO Hua, GUO Pan, LIU Li, PAN Longke, DUAN Xianfeng, MAO Qixi, LIAO Mingfang. Fluid inclusion and C-H-O-S-Pb isotope characteristics and geological significance of lead-zinc-fluorite deposits in the Geleche area, Laifeng, Hubei Province[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(1): 39-50. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220242

湖北来凤革勒车地区铅锌-萤石矿流体包裹体与C-H-O-S-Pb同位素特征及其地质意义

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220242
基金项目: 

中国地质调查局项目 DD20160029-15

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    罗华, E-mail: 270132397@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P618.42;P618.43

Fluid inclusion and C-H-O-S-Pb isotope characteristics and geological significance of lead-zinc-fluorite deposits in the Geleche area, Laifeng, Hubei Province

More Information
  • 摘要:

    鄂西南地区铅锌矿化分布广泛,但至今未发现大型矿床,对成矿系统的研究亦存在不足。对来凤革勒车地区铅锌-萤石矿流体包裹体进行了显微测温及C-H-O-S-Pb同位素测试分析。结果表明:区内萤石、方解石流体包裹体均一温度集中在137~170℃之间,盐度变化范围为11.46%~16.89%,属低温度、中低盐度NaCl-H2O体系流体,主要来源可能为含沉积硫酸盐(海相沉积物)的岩石建造变质脱水;δ34S值介于9.5‰~11.8‰之间,均值为10.92‰;206Pb/204Pb < 18.20,207Pb/204Pb>15.60,208Pb/204Pb < 39.00,铅同位素具有比值变化小,具有高μ和高ω的特征。硫源和铅源均主要来自于上地壳古生代沉积盆地奥陶纪和寒武纪容矿地层,同生沉积成岩后生中低温热液改造作用是革勒车地区铅锌-萤石矿床的主导成因类型。与鄂湘西扬子地台区典型铅锌矿床进行对比发现,它们具有较大的相似性,同时在成矿流体、古生代沉积环境、构造背景3个方面具有明显的差异性。

     

  • 图 1  鄂湘西矿产地质简图

    a.大地构造位置图; b.鄂湘西地区地质简图; c.鄂湘西地区矿化分布图。Ⅰ.恩施铅锌-萤石成矿远景区;Ⅱ.洛塔铅锌矿成矿远景区;Ⅲ.保靖铅锌矿成矿远景区;Ⅳ.花垣铅锌矿成矿远景区。1.白垩系;2.二叠系-三叠系;3.奥陶系-志留系;4.寒武系;5.震旦系;6.铅锌矿床(点);7.萤石矿床(点);8.地层界线;9.断层;10.研究区位置

    Figure 1.  Geological sketch of mineral resources in western Hubei and Hunan

    图 2  湖北来凤革勒车矿区地质图

    1.大湾组; 2.红花园组; 3.南津关组; 4.娄山关组; 5.地质界线; 6.断层; 7.岩层产状; 8.萤石矿脉; 9.铅锌矿脉; 10地名

    Figure 2.  Geological map of the Geleche mining area, Hubei

    图 3  革勒车矿区岩石薄片特征

    a.白云岩团块鲕粒结构;b.白云岩含团块藻砂屑结构;c.含藻砂屑生物屑结构

    Figure 3.  Characteristics of rock slices in the Geleche mining area

    图 4  革勒车矿区矿石特征

    a.方铅矿团块和方解石脉体伴生;b.闪锌矿晶体(×20);c.萤石矿

    Figure 4.  Ore characteristics of the Geleche mining area

    图 5  革勒车矿区典型流体包裹体显微特征(V.气相; L.液相)

    Figure 5.  Microscopic characteristics of typical fluid inclusions in the Geleche mining area

    图 6  研究区成矿流体的δD-δ18O图

    Figure 6.  δD-δ18O diagram of ore-forming fluid in the study area

    图 7  研究区含矿方解石δ13CV-PDB-δ18OV-SMOW关系

    Figure 7.  δ13CV-PDB-δ18OV-SMOW diagram of ore bearing calcite in the study area

    图 8  革勒车矿区S同位素组成分布

    Figure 8.  Distribution of S isotopic composition in the Geleche mining area

    图 9  革勒车矿区铅同位素Δβγ特征图(底图据文献[30])

    1.地幔源铅;2.上地壳铅;3.上地壳与地幔混合的俯冲带铅(3a岩浆作用,3b沉积作用);4.化学沉积铅;5.海底热水作用铅;6.中深变质铅;7.深变质下地壳铅;8.造山带铅;9.古老页岩上地壳铅;10.退变质铅)

    Figure 9.  Δβγ diagram of lead isotopes in the Geleche mining area

    图 10  革勒车矿区铅同位素生长曲线图

    A.地幔;B.造山带;C.上地壳;D.下地壳

    Figure 10.  Lead isotope growth curve of the Geleche mining area

    图 11  革勒车矿区铅同位素构造演化图(底图据文献[31])

    LC.下地壳;UC.上地壳;OIV.洋岛火山岩;OR.造山带;A,B,C,D分别为各区域中样品相对集中区

    Figure 11.  Lead isotope structural evolution in the Geleche mining area

    表  1  革勒车矿区流体包裹体测温分析结果

    Table  1.   Microthermometric measurements on fluid inclusions from the Geleche mining area

    矿物 形态 包裹体个数 大小/μm 气液比 均一温度/℃ 盐度/%
    方解石 椭圆形 30 3×4~4×7 2~6 133~179 13~16
    不规则 26 3×4~6×8 2~6 119~198 12~16
    长条形 15 1×4~3×8 3~6 117~174 12~14
    萤石 椭圆形 24 3×3~8×4 2~5 113~170 11~16
    不规则 24 3×4~6×6 2~9 122~188 10~16
    长条形 12 2×6~2×8 4~9 134~166 12~15
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  研究区和鄂湘西地区典型矿床碳氢氧同位素组成

    Table  2.   Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen isotope compositions of typical deposits in the study area and western Hubei and Hunan

    远景区 矿区(床) 样品号 矿物 δ13CV-PDB/‰ δDV-SMOW/‰ δ18OV-SMOW/‰ 资料来源
    恩施远景区 革勒车 GLCFJ01 方解石 -1.4 -43.8 17.7 本研究
    保靖远景区 起车 石英 -73.0 17.9 文献[4]
    起车 KMD1C 方解石 -1.1 19.0
    起车 KMD1C 方解石 -1.5 12.3
    花垣远景区 李梅 LM-1 方解石 -23.0 0.25 文献[5]
    李梅 LM-2 方解石 -40.0 1.54
    李梅 LM-4 方解石 -46.0 2.43
    李梅 LM-5 方解石 -33.0 1.72
    耐子堡 H1-2 方解石 -0.99 18.03 文献[6]
    耐子堡 H2-3 方解石 -0.97 21.30
    耐子堡 H5-7 方解石 -0.73 21.10
    凤凰远景区 茶田 CH-1 石英 -76.0 0.57 文献[5]
    茶田 CH-2 石英 -75.0 0.74
    和平镇 TZC6 方解石 -3.51 14.83 文献[6]
    和平镇 TZC6 方解石 -3.47 14.93
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  研究区和鄂湘西地区典型矿床δ34S同位素特征

    Table  3.   Sulfur isotope compositions of galena from the studied deposits and published data from typical deposits from western Hubei and Hunan

    远景区 矿床(区) 样品号 矿物 δ34SV-CDT/‰ 数据来源
    恩施远景区 革勒车 FQ01 方铅矿 11.2 本研究
    革勒车 FQ02 方铅矿 11.8
    革勒车 FQ03 方铅矿 9.5
    革勒车 FQ04 方铅矿 11.5
    革勒车 FQ05 方铅矿 10.6
    埃山 方铅矿 16.6 文献[14]
    埃山 方铅矿 15.3
    洛塔远景区 江家垭 方铅矿 12.53 文献[15]
    唐家寨 TCH-05 方铅矿 15.08 文献[16]
    卡西湖 方铅矿 11.12 文献[17]
    保靖远景区 起车 TZG 方铅矿 15.1 文献[4]
    起车 JXDG 方铅矿 15.8
    花垣远景区 李梅 PMP2-15 方铅矿 26.6 文献[2]
    狮子山 SZS-01 方铅矿 26.8 文献[18]
    凤凰远景区 耐子堡 H6-9 方铅矿 26.59 文献[17]
    耐子堡 H8-12 方铅矿 23.96
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  鄂湘西地区典型铅锌矿床铅同位素组成

    Table  4.   Lead isotopic ratios of sulfides from the studied deposits and published data from typical deposits from western Hubei and Hunan

    成矿远景区 矿床(区) 样号 矿物 206Pb/204Pb 207Pb/204Pb 208Pb/204Pb μ ω Δβ Δγ 数据来源
    恩施远景区 革勒车 FQ01 方铅矿 18.10 15.78 38.43 9.85 39.95 29.50 32.60 本研究
    革勒车 FQ02 方铅矿 18.03 15.68 38.13 9.68 38.18 23.50 24.57
    革勒车 FQ03 方铅矿 18.06 15.71 38.24 9.73 38.73 25.45 27.42
    革勒车 FQ04 方铅矿 18.13 15.80 38.50 9.89 40.29 30.87 34.43
    革勒车 FQ05 方铅矿 18.07 15.72 38.27 9.75 38.91 26.04 28.14
    埃山 方铅矿 19.12 15.86 39.37 27.80 46.32 文献[14]
    埃山 方铅矿 19.15 15.88 39.46 29.23 48.58
    洛塔远景区 江家垭 方铅矿 18.24 15.69 38.14 9.67 37.07 25.18 35.28 文献[19]
    江家垭 方铅矿 18.30 15.76 38.36 9.79 38.31 29.72 42.82
    江家垭 方铅矿 18.24 15.72 38.33 9.71 38.10 26.93 41.59
    保靖远景区 起车 TZG 方铅矿 18.21 15.67 38.15 9.63 37.11 24.00 35.51 文献[4]
    起车 JXDG 方铅矿 18.24 15.71 38.28 9.70 37.85 26.56 40.04
    花垣远景区 李梅 PMP2-15 方铅矿 18.17 15.72 38.34 文献[2]
    李梅 闪锌矿 18.04 15.61 38.18 9.52 37.62 19.70 36.91 文献[19]
    凤凰远景区 狮子山 SZS-01 方铅矿 18.11 15.67 38.18 9.63 23.91 39.08 文献[18]
    耐子堡 H6-9 方铅矿 18.15 15.72 38.22 9.73 38.20 27.57 41.75 文献[17]
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-05-26
  • 录用日期:  2022-08-30
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