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高精度层序格架与源-汇系统约束下的沉积体系分析方法: 以涠西南凹陷始新统流一段为例

王浩 邹明生 崔钦宇 高梦天 张靖宇 陆永潮

王浩, 邹明生, 崔钦宇, 高梦天, 张靖宇, 陆永潮. 高精度层序格架与源-汇系统约束下的沉积体系分析方法: 以涠西南凹陷始新统流一段为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(1): 74-88. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220338
引用本文: 王浩, 邹明生, 崔钦宇, 高梦天, 张靖宇, 陆永潮. 高精度层序格架与源-汇系统约束下的沉积体系分析方法: 以涠西南凹陷始新统流一段为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(1): 74-88. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220338
WANG Hao, ZOU Mingsheng, CUI Qinyu, GAO Mengtian, ZHANG Jingyu, LU Yongchao. Depositional system constrained by the high-precision sequence framework and the source to sink systems: A case study from the First Member of the Liushagang Formation in the Weixinan Sag[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(1): 74-88. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220338
Citation: WANG Hao, ZOU Mingsheng, CUI Qinyu, GAO Mengtian, ZHANG Jingyu, LU Yongchao. Depositional system constrained by the high-precision sequence framework and the source to sink systems: A case study from the First Member of the Liushagang Formation in the Weixinan Sag[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(1): 74-88. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220338

高精度层序格架与源-汇系统约束下的沉积体系分析方法: 以涠西南凹陷始新统流一段为例

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220338
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王浩, E-mail: 294499471@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    邹明生, E-mail: zoumingsh@cnooc.com.cn

  • 中图分类号: P512.32

Depositional system constrained by the high-precision sequence framework and the source to sink systems: A case study from the First Member of the Liushagang Formation in the Weixinan Sag

More Information
  • 摘要:

    北部湾盆地涠西南凹陷的勘探方向已经从构造圈闭转移到岩性圈闭上,寻找岩性油气藏的核心问题就是明确砂体的展布。以涠西南凹陷流沙港组一段为研究对象,综合利用碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄、测井、录井、岩心及地震等资料,对研究区目的层进行了高精度层序划分和沉积体系时空展布研究,明确了涠西南凹陷流沙港组一段沉积相类型及分布规律。研究表明,目的层流沙港组一段可以划分为1个三级层序、3个体系域以及8个准层序组。通过对研究区源-汇体系与沉积相分析,表明涠西南凹陷的沉积物主要来自西北部万山物源、东部企西物源、东南部涠西南物源以及西南部物源。涠西南凹陷流沙港组一段主要发育三角洲、湖泊和湖底扇等3种沉积相类型。低位期主要发育中深湖和湖底扇沉积,发育浊积水道、天然堤和席状朵体等沉积微相;湖扩期主要以深湖泥沉积微相为主;高位期则主要发育三角洲前缘沉积,其中水下分流河道、水下分流河道间较为发育,河口坝、席状砂等沉积微相发育较少。B洼主要发育西部三角洲进积滑塌型、南部近源断坡带型和东部远源缓坡型等3种类型湖底扇,其中,南部物源体系规模大、成藏条件好,是下一步勘探最具潜力的目标。

     

  • 图 1  涠西南凹陷位置图及地层综合柱状图

    Figure 1.  Location and comprehensive stratigraphic histogram of the Weixinan Sag

    图 2  涠西南凹陷流沙港组一段层序地层划分及高精度地层格架图

    Figure 2.  Stratigraphic sequence division and high-precision stratigraphic framework of the First Member of the Liushagang Formation in the Wexinan Sag

    图 3  涠西南凹陷流一段碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄谱峰及重矿物分布图[34]

    Figure 3.  Detrital zircon U-Pb age spectrum peak and heavy mineral distribution map of the First Member of the Weixinan Sag

    图 4  涠西南凹陷流一段输砂渠道特征

    H1~H3.四级层序界面;T80, T81.三级层序界面

    Figure 4.  Characteristics of sand transport channels in the First Member of the Weinan Sag

    图 5  涠西南凹陷流一段地震前积特征图

    Figure 5.  Progradation characteristic in the seismic profile of the First Member of the Weixinan Sag

    图 6  涠西南凹陷流一段区域古地貌图

    Figure 6.  Paleogeomorphic map of the First Member of the Weixinan Sag

    图 7  涠西南凹陷流一段典型沉积特征

    Figure 7.  Typical sedimentary characteristics of the First Member of the Weixinan Sag

    图 8  涠西南凹陷流一段连井层序及沉积相对比图

    Figure 8.  Sequence and sedimentary facies in the well-cross section in the First Member of the Weixinan Sag

    图 9  涠西南凹陷流一段充填演化序列图

    Figure 9.  Filling evolution sequence diagram of the First Member of the Weixinan Sag

    图 10  涠西南凹陷B洼流一段湖底扇沉积模式图

    Figure 10.  Sedimentary pattern map of sublacustrine fan in the B Sag of the Weixinan Sag

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-07-08
  • 录用日期:  2022-08-31
  • 修回日期:  2022-08-15

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