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喀斯特地区水生光合生物群落结构组成及其对微量元素的影响

郎蕤 赵敏 李栋 鲍乾 蔡冠霞 陈波 杨海全

郎蕤, 赵敏, 李栋, 鲍乾, 蔡冠霞, 陈波, 杨海全. 喀斯特地区水生光合生物群落结构组成及其对微量元素的影响[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(1): 315-325. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220347
引用本文: 郎蕤, 赵敏, 李栋, 鲍乾, 蔡冠霞, 陈波, 杨海全. 喀斯特地区水生光合生物群落结构组成及其对微量元素的影响[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(1): 315-325. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220347
LANG Rui, ZHAO Min, LI Dong, BAO Qian, CAI Guanxia, CHEN Bo, YANG Haiquan. Composition of the aquatic photosynthetic organism community and its effect on trace elements in karst areas[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(1): 315-325. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220347
Citation: LANG Rui, ZHAO Min, LI Dong, BAO Qian, CAI Guanxia, CHEN Bo, YANG Haiquan. Composition of the aquatic photosynthetic organism community and its effect on trace elements in karst areas[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(1): 315-325. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220347

喀斯特地区水生光合生物群落结构组成及其对微量元素的影响

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220347
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 42177248

国家自然科学基金项目 41673136

国家自然科学基金项目 41807366

贵州省省级科技计划项目 2023-254

中央引导地方科技发展资金项目 黔科中引地[2021]4028

详细信息
    作者简介:

    郎蕤, E-mail: langrui@mail.gyig.ac.cn

    通讯作者:

    赵敏, E-mail: zhaomin@vip.gyig.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: X172

Composition of the aquatic photosynthetic organism community and its effect on trace elements in karst areas

More Information
  • 摘要:

    微量元素是影响喀斯特地表水体水质的重要因素,水生光合生物在光合代谢过程中能够吸收并去除部分有害元素,然而关于不同水生光合生物群落结构组成对微量元素的吸收效果和去除潜力如何目前则少有研究。基于普定喀斯特生态系统国家野外观测站的野外监测、系统采样和实验测定以及统计分析,构建了由裸岩地、裸土地、耕地、草地和灌丛地5种土地利用组成的植被-土壤-地下水-地表水模拟生态系统,并以其中的地表水生生态系统为研究对象,开展了水生光合生物群落结构组成对微量元素去除潜力及控制机制的研究。结果表明:①地表水水化学和水生光合生物量受季节变化与土地利用类型影响显著;②Cr,Mn,Co,Ni,Fe和Zn 6种微量元素浓度在不同喀斯特水生光合生物系统中存在显著差异,浮游-沉水共存系统对Mn,Co,Ni,Fe和Zn的吸收和去除能力优于单一浮游系统;③喀斯特地区的自然植被恢复(灌丛地和草地)促使地表水体形成的高溶解性无机碳(DIC)环境,有利于沉水植物生长,从而提高了对地表水体中Mn,Co,Ni,Fe和Zn等微量元素的去除潜力。这些认识将有助于岩溶区地表水体水生光合生物群落结构对地表水体微量元素调控机制的研究。

     

  • 图 1  普定沙湾模拟试验场[34]

    a.试验场示意图(S和P分别代表泉水和水池);b.试验场全景图;c.1P~5P分别代表了裸岩地、裸土地、耕地、草地和灌丛地5种不同的土地利用类型所对应的池水

    Figure 1.  Puding Shawan Simulation Test Site

    图 2  池水水质参数的时空分布

    Figure 2.  Spatial and temporal distribution of water quality in the pond

    图 3  池水中浮游藻类生物量的时空变化

    Figure 3.  Temporal and spatial variation in planktonic algal biomass in the pond

    图 4  池水中沉水植物生物量的时空变化

    Figure 4.  Temporal and spatial variation in submerged plant biomass in the pond

    图 5  池水中微量元素平均质量浓度的时空变化

    Figure 5.  Temporal and spatial variation in the average concentration of trace elements in the pond

    表  1  池水中水质参数与叶绿素之间相关关系

    Table  1.   Correlations between water quality parameters and chlorophyll in the pond

    相关性系数 系统 水温 pH 电导率 溶解氧 叶绿素
    水温 浮游系统 1
    浮游-沉水系统 1
    pH 浮游系统 0.082 1
    浮游-沉水系统 0.533** 1
    电导率 浮游系统 -0.037 -0.691** 1
    浮游-沉水系统 -0.250 -0.759** 1
    溶解氧 浮游系统 0.389* 0.580** -0.459** 1
    浮游-沉水系统 0.371** 0.677** -0.318* 1
    叶绿素 浮游系统 0.430** 0.386* -0.019 0.580** 1
    浮游-沉水系统 0.755** 0.516** -0.169 0.475** 1
    注:*表示在0.05水平(双侧)上显著相关;**表示在0.01水平(双侧)上显著相关
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2种水生系统中微量元素的平均浓度与显著性

    Table  2.   Average concentrations and significance of trace elements in two aquatic systems

    微量元素 系统 N ρB均值/(μg·L-1) |变率| t检验 显著性
    V 浮游 40 0.78 0.06 -0.500 0.618
    浮游-沉水 50 0.82 0.06
    Cr 浮游 40 0.36 0.63 -3.946 0.000**
    浮游-沉水 50 0.59 0.39
    Mn 浮游 40 8.10 0.71 2.120 0.040*
    浮游-沉水 50 2.35 2.44
    Co 浮游 40 0.07 0.38 3.050 0.004**
    浮游-沉水 50 0.04 0.62
    Ni 浮游 40 0.34 0.40 3.863 0.000**
    浮游-沉水 50 0.20 0.67
    Cu 浮游 40 0.60 0.14 -1.182 0.240
    浮游-沉水 50 0.69 0.13
    Fe 浮游 40 20.33 0.72 7.371 0.000**
    浮游-沉水 50 5.73 2.55
    Zn 浮游 40 7.15 0.55 3.750 0.000**
    浮游-沉水 50 3.25 1.20
    Ba 浮游 40 40.63 0.00 0.006 0.995
    浮游-沉水 50 40.61 0.00
    注:*表示显著性水平0.05下(双侧)呈现差异; **表示显著性水平0.01下(双侧)呈现差异
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-07-11
  • 录用日期:  2022-10-06
  • 修回日期:  2022-09-27

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