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“碳中和”目标下海洋黑碳的源汇过程及其意义

夏翠梅 王楠 刘景昱 王益鹏 郑广金 包锐

夏翠梅, 王楠, 刘景昱, 王益鹏, 郑广金, 包锐. “碳中和”目标下海洋黑碳的源汇过程及其意义[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(2): 318-329. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220455
引用本文: 夏翠梅, 王楠, 刘景昱, 王益鹏, 郑广金, 包锐. “碳中和”目标下海洋黑碳的源汇过程及其意义[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(2): 318-329. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220455
XIA Cuimei, WANG Nan, LIU Jingyu, WANG Yipeng, ZHENG Guangjin, BAO Rui. Source-sink processes of marine black carbon in the context of 'carbon neutrality'[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(2): 318-329. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220455
Citation: XIA Cuimei, WANG Nan, LIU Jingyu, WANG Yipeng, ZHENG Guangjin, BAO Rui. Source-sink processes of marine black carbon in the context of "carbon neutrality"[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(2): 318-329. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220455

“碳中和”目标下海洋黑碳的源汇过程及其意义

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220455
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 92058207

国家自然科学基金项目 42076037

中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目 2020042010

泰山青年学者项目 tsqn202103030

山东省自然科学基金项目 ZR2021JQ12

南方海洋科学与工程广东实验室(广州)引进人才团队专项 GML2019ZD0209

详细信息
    作者简介:

    夏翠梅, E-mail:cuimeixia0813@163.com

    通讯作者:

    包锐, Email:baorui@ouc.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P734.4+5

Source-sink processes of marine black carbon in the context of "carbon neutrality"

More Information
  • 摘要:

    黑碳是由生物质和化石燃料不完全燃烧生成的碳质混合物。由于黑碳含碳量高,具有芳构化的分子结构,可在自然环境中长期存在,因此黑碳是全球碳循环的重要组分。虽然近年来有关黑碳的性质以及黑碳在地球各圈层中的循环通量及储量的研究取得了一定的进展,但仍需进一步厘清其源汇过程,探讨黑碳在全球碳循环中的作用。初步梳理了全球黑碳循环的路径、通量、时间尺度的相关数据,分析总结了海洋黑碳源汇过程中的迁移机制及相关制约因素。分析认为:海洋沉积物是黑碳的巨大储库,储量达569~1 380 Pg,黑碳可在海洋沉积物中持续存在数千年,符合当前“碳中和”背景下“有效碳汇”长周转时间这一重要条件;同时,黑碳在环境中的周转循环时间一般长于生物质碳,对全球变暖具有负反馈效应。因此,黑碳入海沉积是一种有效的海洋碳增汇和碳封存手段,可能是实施碳的捕集、利用和封存(CCUS)战略的有效途径。通过总结与评估海洋沉积物中的黑碳在“碳中和”领域的战略价值和气候意义,认为在生态环境友好的前提下,应积极调控生物质燃烧成因的黑碳的生产源头,优化黑碳入海沉积路径和埋藏海域,充分发挥黑碳在海洋负排放中的积极作用,为我国海洋“碳中和”目标的实现提供基础理论支撑。

     

  • 图 1  全球有机碳(黑碳)循环模型图

    Figure 1.  A model of the global organic carbon cycle high lighting the components of black carbon

    图 2  全球黑碳循环(路径、通量和时间尺度)示意图

    实线方框内数据单位为Pg; 虚线方框内、箭头侧的数据单位为Tg/a; DBC.溶解态黑碳;PBC.颗粒态黑碳;Δ14C数值用方框中从白色(现代, 1950年后)到暗黑色(化石碳,-1 000‰)的阴影表示,颜色的灰度代表黑碳在不同储库中停留时间

    Figure 2.  Schematic diagram of the global black carbon cycle(pathways, fluxes and turnover time)

    图 3  海洋黑碳的源汇过程

    Figure 3.  Source-sink process model of marine black carbon

    图 4  海洋中黑碳的来源

    Figure 4.  Provenances of black carbon in the ocean

    图 5  “碳中和”目标背景下的黑碳封存

    Figure 5.  Black carbon sequestration in the context of the "carbon neutrality" target

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-08-24
  • 录用日期:  2022-09-28
  • 修回日期:  2022-09-20

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