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鄂尔多斯盆地石盒子组-山西组致密储层形成主控因素与发育模式:以彬长地区为例

李松 马立元 王濡岳 邓杰 李昱东 全晓园 蒋融

李松, 马立元, 王濡岳, 邓杰, 李昱东, 全晓园, 蒋融. 鄂尔多斯盆地石盒子组-山西组致密储层形成主控因素与发育模式:以彬长地区为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(2): 28-40. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220468
引用本文: 李松, 马立元, 王濡岳, 邓杰, 李昱东, 全晓园, 蒋融. 鄂尔多斯盆地石盒子组-山西组致密储层形成主控因素与发育模式:以彬长地区为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(2): 28-40. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220468
LI Song, MA Liyuan, WANG Ruyue, DENG Jie, LI Yudong, QUAN Xiaoyuan, JIANG Rong. Main controlling factors and development model of tight reservoirs in the Shihezi Formation-Shanxi Formation in the Ordos Basin: Taking the Binchang area as an example[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(2): 28-40. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220468
Citation: LI Song, MA Liyuan, WANG Ruyue, DENG Jie, LI Yudong, QUAN Xiaoyuan, JIANG Rong. Main controlling factors and development model of tight reservoirs in the Shihezi Formation-Shanxi Formation in the Ordos Basin: Taking the Binchang area as an example[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(2): 28-40. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220468

鄂尔多斯盆地石盒子组-山西组致密储层形成主控因素与发育模式:以彬长地区为例

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220468
基金项目: 

中国石化科技部项目"鄂尔多斯盆地中石化探区上古生界致密气富集规律与目标优选" P21088-3

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李松, E-mail: 106155219@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    王濡岳, E-mail: wry1990@vip.qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P618.130.2+1

Main controlling factors and development model of tight reservoirs in the Shihezi Formation-Shanxi Formation in the Ordos Basin: Taking the Binchang area as an example

More Information
  • 摘要:

    明确致密储层"甜点"的分布是致密储层油气勘探的重点。通过岩心观察、薄片鉴定、X射线衍射、包裹体均一温度测定、常规物性分析等手段, 对鄂尔多斯盆地南部彬长地区上古生界致密砂岩沉积特征、储层特征、成岩作用进行了详细研究, 明确了储层形成的主要控制因素并建立了优质储层的发育模式。结果表明: 沉积相是储层形成的基础, 辫状河三角洲平原分流河道心滩微相岩石粒度粗, 孔隙结构为小孔-中细喉型, 储层物性相对较好; 曲流河三角洲前缘水下分流河道及河口坝微相岩石粒度细, 孔喉结构为微孔-微喉型, 储层物性相对较差。成岩作用对优质储层的发育与分布具有重要控制作用。间歇性火山凝灰质在酸性地层蚀变为高岭石, 而在碱性地层蚀变为绿泥石套膜, 抑制了石英次生加大和方解石胶结, 保护了储集空间。石英次生加大主要为泥岩转化形成的SiO2渗滤到砂岩中形成的, 中晚期方解石充填长石、岩屑溶孔为方解石顶底板胶结的主要原因。晚期构造改造形成的微裂缝无方解石胶结, 改善了储层物性, 对气藏起调整作用。彬长地区在3 750 m和3 900 m埋深段附近为2个溶蚀孔发育带。最优储层为溶蚀孔发育带内火山凝灰质转化形成的富含绿泥石套膜的中-粗砂岩; 次优储层主要分布在溶蚀孔发育带内单砂体厚度较大、有旋回且无泥岩隔档的砂体的中下部, 主要为缺少绿泥石套膜的中-粗砂岩, 方解石胶结与石英次生加大作用最低。研究成果进一步深化了鄂尔多斯盆地南部地区上古生界致密砂岩优质储层发育的成因, 对该地区天然气勘探开发具有重要指导意义。

     

  • 图 1  鄂尔多斯盆地构造分区(a)及彬长地区上古生界综合柱状图(b)

    Figure 1.  Tectonic division of the Ordos Basin(a) and the comprehensive columnar map of the Upper Palaeozoic strata in the Binchang area(b)

    图 2  彬长地区不同沉积微相孔渗图

    Figure 2.  Pore permeability diagram of the different sedimentary microfacies in the Binchang area

    图 3  彬3-长探1井沉积相及粒度概率图

    Figure 3.  Probability diagram of sedimentary facies and grain size in the Bin 3-Changtan 1 wells

    图 4  长探1井盒1段孔渗-孔喉半径综合分布图

    ①②③代表不同粒度压汞-孔喉半径与相应的孔渗关系匹配;φ为孔隙度;k为渗透率

    Figure 4.  Comprehensive diagram of the pore permeability-pore throat radius of the He 1 Member in the Changtan 1 well

    图 5  彬长地区储层成岩阶段及孔隙度演化图

    K1Z.下白垩统志丹群;J.侏罗系;T3y.上三叠统延长组;T2Z.中三叠统纸坊组;T2h.中三叠统和尚沟组;T1l.下三叠统刘家沟组;P2sh.中二叠统石千峰组;P2s.中二叠统上石盒子组;P1x.下二叠统下石盒子组;P1s.下二叠统山西组;C3t.上石炭统太原组

    Figure 5.  Diagenetic stage and porosity evolution map of reservoirins in the Binchang area

    图 6  彬长地区石盒子组-山西组典型成岩作用微观特征

    a.彬1井,3 703.96 m,山1段,黑云母压实变形;b.彬1井,3 704.33 m,山1段,石英次生加大;c.长探1井,3 924.11 m,盒1段,凝灰岩蚀变高岭石;d.彬1井,3 715.02 m,山1段,黏土矿物鳞片状伊利石化;e.彬1井,3 705.03 m,山1段,丝状伊利石充填粒内见晶间孔;f.长探1井,3 767.39 m,盒7段,片状高岭石与丝状伊利石充填孔隙;g.长探1井,3 921.23 m,盒1段,中期方解石交代长石,茜素红红色;h.长探1井,3 919.66 m,山1段,铁方解石交代方解石,茜素红紫色;i.长探1井,3 763.84 m,盒7段,凝灰岩蚀变绿泥石套膜;j.长探1井,3 916.5 m,盒1段,长石溶蚀;k.长探1井,3 763.83 m,盒7段,钠长石次生加大;l.彬1井,3 708.45 m,山1段,石英溶蚀

    Figure 6.  Microscopic characteristics of typical diagenesis of the Shihezi Formation-Shanxi Formation in the Binchang area

    图 7  长探1井石英次生加大包裹体均一温度

    Figure 7.  Homogenization temperature diagram of secondary enlargement of quartz in the Changtan 1 well

    图 8  彬1井石英次生加大与自生黏土矿物关系

    Figure 8.  Relationship between secondary enlargement of quartz and authigenic clay in the Bin 1 well

    图 9  彬1井石英次生加大与深度关系

    Figure 9.  Relationship between secondary enlargement of quartz and depth in the Bin 1 well

    图 10  方解石包裹体均一温度分布

    Figure 10.  Homogeneous temperature distribution of calcite inclusions

    图 11  Ca2+质量浓度与岩心孔隙度关系

    Figure 11.  Relationship between Ca2+ concentration and core porosity

    图 12  方解石体积分数及Ca2+质量浓度距顶底板厚度占比

    Figure 12.  Ratio of the calcite content and Ca2+ concentration to the thickness between the roof and floor

    图 13  长探1井绿泥石体积分数-方解石体积分数-孔渗综合图

    Figure 13.  Comprehensive map of chlorite content-calcite content-porosity and permeability in the Changtan 1 well

    图 14  彬长地区构造微裂缝未充填方解石

    a.彬1井, 3 715.52 m,山1段,裂缝未充填方解石;b.彬4井,3 913.39 m,盒1段,裂缝未充填方解石;c.长探1井,3 916.5 m,盒1段,裂缝未充填方解石;d.长探1井,3 958.63 m,山1段,裂缝未充填方解石

    Figure 14.  Structural microfractures are not filled with calcite in the Binchang area

    图 15  致密储层发育模式综合图

    Figure 15.  Comprehensive map of the tight reservoir development model

    表  1  彬长地区孔隙结构类型

    Table  1.   Pore structure types of the Binchang area

    层段 类型 岩性 排驱压力/MPa 中值压力/MPa 中值喉道半径/μm 孔喉组合
    区间值 平均值 区间值 平均值 区间值 平均值
    盒1 1 (含砾)粗砂岩 0.35~0.42 0.38 1.15~2.16 1.66 0.769~0.986 0.825 小孔-中细喉
    2 中-细砂岩 0.80~2.61 1.47 20.02~35.15 27.58 0.04~0.70 0.26 小孔-细喉
    3 细砂岩 0.30~1.62 0.80 62.12~63.84 62.98 0.02~0.05 0.03 微孔-微喉
    盒7 1 (含砾)粗砂岩 0.82~1.02 0.87 4.12~6.43 5.21 0.096~0.162 0.128 小孔-细喉
    2 细-中砂岩 1.54~2.03 1.63 9.47~20.16 13.42 0.038~0.085 0.062 小孔-细微喉
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  彬长地区石盒子组-山西组储层沉积微相与物性关系

    Table  2.   Relationship between reservoir sedimentary microfacies and physical properties of the Shihezi Formation-Shanxi Formation reservoir in the Binchang area

    沉积亚相 沉积微相 岩性 沉积构造 平均孔隙度/% 平均渗透率/10-3 μm2
    辫状河三角洲平原 心滩 含砾粗砂岩 冲刷面 4.75 0.394
    粗砂岩 槽状、板状交错层理、块状层理 3.68 0.204
    中砂岩 4.05 0.110
    曲流河三角洲前缘 水下分流河道 中砂岩 槽状、板状交错层理、沙纹层理、块状层理 2.20 0.100
    细砂岩 1.30 0.056
    河口坝 中砂岩 板状交错层理,块状层理 2.44 0.015
    细砂岩 2.34 0.110
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-08-28
  • 录用日期:  2023-03-03
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