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胶东大尹格庄金矿成矿流体时空演化及矿床成因:来自流体包裹体、成矿元素和H-O-S-Pb同位素证据

严子清 石文杰 张鹏涛 王勇军 邵玉宝 黄鑫 宋宇 谭俊 王治华

严子清, 石文杰, 张鹏涛, 王勇军, 邵玉宝, 黄鑫, 宋宇, 谭俊, 王治华. 胶东大尹格庄金矿成矿流体时空演化及矿床成因:来自流体包裹体、成矿元素和H-O-S-Pb同位素证据[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(2): 156-174. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220507
引用本文: 严子清, 石文杰, 张鹏涛, 王勇军, 邵玉宝, 黄鑫, 宋宇, 谭俊, 王治华. 胶东大尹格庄金矿成矿流体时空演化及矿床成因:来自流体包裹体、成矿元素和H-O-S-Pb同位素证据[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(2): 156-174. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220507
YAN Ziqing, SHI Wenjie, ZHANG Pengtao, WANG Yongjun, SHAO Yubao, HUANG Xin, SONG Yu, TAN Jun, WANG Zhihua. Ore genesis and vertical variations of ore-forming fluids in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit, Jiaodong Peninsula: Constraints from fluid inclusions, ore forming elements, and H-O-S-Pb isotopes[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(2): 156-174. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220507
Citation: YAN Ziqing, SHI Wenjie, ZHANG Pengtao, WANG Yongjun, SHAO Yubao, HUANG Xin, SONG Yu, TAN Jun, WANG Zhihua. Ore genesis and vertical variations of ore-forming fluids in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit, Jiaodong Peninsula: Constraints from fluid inclusions, ore forming elements, and H-O-S-Pb isotopes[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(2): 156-174. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220507

胶东大尹格庄金矿成矿流体时空演化及矿床成因:来自流体包裹体、成矿元素和H-O-S-Pb同位素证据

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220507
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 42273067

山东省部省协议地质勘查项目"山东省烟台市牟平区将军石-曲河庄断裂带深部金矿普查" 鲁勘字[2022]32号

详细信息
    作者简介:

    严子清, E-mail: yanziqing@cug.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    石文杰, E-mail: shiwenjie@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P618.51

Ore genesis and vertical variations of ore-forming fluids in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit, Jiaodong Peninsula: Constraints from fluid inclusions, ore forming elements, and H-O-S-Pb isotopes

More Information
  • 摘要:

    大尹格庄金矿位于招平成矿带中段, 是胶东地区典型的构造蚀变岩型金矿床, 储量达到超大型规模, 但关于该矿床的成因类型尚存在较大争议。在详细野外地质调查的基础上开展了该矿床成因和成矿流体纵向变化特征研究。流体包裹体研究表明, 成矿流体为中温、低盐度、中低密度的H2O-CO2-NaCl±CH4体系。从成矿早期到晚期各阶段(Ⅰ~Ⅳ阶段)均一温度和盐度逐渐降低, 密度逐渐增加。氢氧同位素组成显示成矿流体早期以岩浆水为主, 后期有大气降水的混入, 主成矿阶段可能存在流体沸腾作用; 黄铁矿硫铅同位素组成表明成矿物质来源于深源壳幔混合岩浆。成矿过程和背景总体与胶东其他金矿床类似, 形成于克拉通破坏环境。浅部与深部流体和物质组成的对比研究表明, 在垂向纵深范围内成矿流体性质、金银成矿强度和金成色稳定一致, 金沉淀具有宽泛而稳定的环境, 指示大尹格庄金矿床深部仍然具有很大的成矿潜力和找矿空间。

     

  • 图 1  胶东区域地质图(据文献[36]修改)

    Figure 1.  Regional geological map of the Jiaodong Peninsula

    图 2  大尹格庄金矿床地质简图(据文献[16]修改)

    Figure 2.  Geological map of the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    图 3  大尹格庄金矿床矿体地质图(据文献[15]修改)

    Figure 3.  Geological map of orebodies in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    图 4  大尹格庄金矿床矿石宏观和显微特征

    a.钾长石交代斜长石;b.致密浸染状黄铁矿;c.细脉状黄铁矿d.半自形-它形粗粒黄铁矿;e.闪锌矿中包含黄铁矿和黄铜矿颗粒;f.它形粒状自然金分布在黄铁矿裂隙;g.黄铜矿交代黄铁矿;h.绢云母化蚀变;i.硅化蚀变;Py.黄铁矿;Ccp.黄铁矿;Gn.方铅矿;Sph.闪锌矿;Au.自然金;Q.石英;Sd.菱铁矿;Pl.斜长石;Kfs.钾长石; Ser.绢云母

    Figure 4.  Macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of ore in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    图 5  大尹格庄金矿床矿物共生组合

    Figure 5.  Mineral paragenesis of the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    图 6  大尹格庄金矿床流体包裹体显微照片

    a~d.气液两相包裹体;e~f.含CO2三相包裹体;V.气相;L.液相

    Figure 6.  Microphotographs of fluid inclusions in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    图 7  大尹格庄金矿床流体包裹体均一温度直方图

    Figure 7.  Histogram of homogenization temperatures of fluid inclusions in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    图 8  大尹格庄金矿床流体包裹体盐度(a)及密度(b)直方图

    Figure 8.  Histogram of salinity (a) and density (b) of fluid inclusions in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    图 9  大尹格庄金矿床H-O同位素组成图(混合计算见文献[56]修改)

    端元数据:初始大气水:δD=-120‰,δ18O=16.5‰[52];初始岩浆水:δD=-90‰,δ18O=10.5‰[52];变质岩:δD=-90‰,δ18O=10‰[53];石英脉型金矿和蚀变岩型金矿数据来自文献[54-56];黑色实线:变质岩在不同温度下与初始大气水的水岩反应演化曲线;灰色实线:变质岩在不同温度下与初始岩浆水的水岩反应质化曲线

    Figure 9.  Hydrogen and oxygen isotopic compositions in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    图 10  大尹格庄金矿床与胶东地区硫同位素组成对比图

    胶东群、中基性脉岩和玲珑花岗岩数据均来自文献[60],荆山群数据来自文献[61],郭家岭花岗岩数据来自文献[53],石英脉型金矿和蚀变岩型金矿数据来自文献[4, 60, 62-63],大尹格庄金矿数据来自文献[15, 18, 20, 24]和本研究

    Figure 10.  Sulfur isotopic compositions of the Dayingezhuang gold deposit and other deposits and geologic bodies in the Jiaodong province

    图 11  大尹格庄与胶东地区不同地质体铅同位素组成对比图(据文献[65]修改)

    A.地幔;B.造山带;C.上地壳;D.下地壳

    Figure 11.  Lead isotopic compositions of the Dayingezhuang gold deposit compared to other geologic bodies in the Jiaodong province

    图 12  大尹格庄金矿床流体包裹体均一温度、盐度及密度垂向变化示意图

    Figure 12.  Diagram of vertical variations in homogenization, salinity and density from fluid inclusions in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    图 13  大尹格庄金矿床w(Au)和w(Ag)垂向投影图

    Figure 13.  Vertical distribution of Au and Ag contents in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    图 14  大尹格庄金矿金成色的时空变化图

    Figure 14.  Gold fineness of gold minerals in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    图 15  大尹格庄金矿床Au物质沉淀机制分析图

    ①,②,③表示影响Au含量的不同途径

    Figure 15.  Precipitation mechanism of Au and Ag contents in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    表  1  大尹格庄矿床流体包裹体测温结果

    Table  1.   Characteristics and parameters of fluid inclusions in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    成矿阶段 样品编号 深度/m 测定矿物 类型 Tm, CO2/℃ Tm, cl/℃ Th, CO2/℃ Tm, ice/℃ Th, TOT/℃ 盐度w(NaCleqv)/% 密度/(g·cm-3)
    范围 均值 范围 均值 范围 均值
    DYGZ-16-3 -94.6 石英 -10.1~ -2.1 -7.1 228.9~391.7 310.7 3.55~14.04 0.73~0.82
    DYGZ-3 -213 -4.6~ -4.5 -4.2 310.7~365.9 330.7 5.71~7.31 0.67~0.74
    DYGZ-21 -310 LH2O-VH2O -9.6~ -5.2 -7.3 316.2~445.6 361.2 8.14~13.51 0.53~0.82
    DYGZ-7 -810 -10.6~ -3.6 -7.2 289.8~383.2 330.4 5.86~14.57 0.73~0.85
    DYGZ-10 -456 -8.0~ -5.6 -6.9 280.0~389.0 333.0 8.68~11.70 0.70~0.84
    DYGZ-10 -456 LH2O-LCO2-VCO2 -57.7~-56.6 6.7~7.9 23.3~31.1 27.2 270.1~352.8 346.0 4.08~6.29
    DYGZ-4-2 -310 -9.0~ -3.5 -5.7 304.4~362.0 326.3 5.71~12.85 0.73~0.81
    DYGZ-4-1 -310 -16.7~ -2.7 -7.1 288.0~385.0 332.2 4.49~19.99 0.71~0.91
    DYGZ-5 -405 LH2O-VH2O -10.5~ -3.6 -6.0 288.0~348.5 319.5 5.86~14.46 0.68~0.85
    DYGZ-11 -468 -14.3~ -4.6 -9.2 252.8~363.1 312.1 7.31~18.04 0.68~0.84
    DYGZ-13 -538 -16.8~ -8.6 -12.3 210.6~386.6 309.8 12.96~20.07
    DYGZ-18 -213 -10.2~ -2.1 -5.1 284.3~370.9 310.6 3.55~14.15 0.71~0.83
    DYGZ-13 -538 LH2O-LCO2-VCO2 -59.0~-57.6 5.7~7.4 29.0~30.7 30.0 316.8~366.0 331.5 5.70~6.80
    DYGZ-18 -213 -57.5~-57.1 6.2~6.6 29.8~31.1 30.6 280.0~298.1 284.6 6.20~6.60
    DYGZ-16-2 -94.6 -8.5~ -3.1 -5.8 264.2~332.0 296.0 5.11~12.28 0.77~0.85
    DYGZ-14 -100 LH2O-VH2O -8.6~ -2.4 -4.8 230.0~316.7 281.6 4.03~12.39 0.75~0.88
    DYGZ-6 -405 -4.9~-8.0 -6.5 201.5~338.8 280.9 7.73~11.70 0.83~0.86
    DYGZ-12 -540 -15.6~ -1.1 -9.2 209.0~360.0 297.7 1.91~19.13
    DYGZ-12 -540 LH2O-LCO2-VCO2 -56.0~-55.6 7~8.5 19~24.1 21.7 262.0~289.0 276.4 7.00~8.50
    DYGZ-1T -100 LH2O-VH2O -6.4~ -2.9 -4.2 159.8~261.8 200.5 4.80~9.73 0.85~0.94
    DYGZ-16-1 -94.6 -6.7~ -4.6 -5.6 183.4~243.5 218.4 7.31~10.11 0.88~0.90
    DYGZ-15-1 -100 -11.2~ -4.9 -9.4 179.9~267.4 237.8 7.73~15.17 0.89~0.91
    注:Tm, CO2为固相CO2的溶化温度;Tm, cl为笼合物的溶化温度;Th, CO2为CO2的部分均一温度;Tm, ice为冰点温度;Th, TOT为完全均一温度;盐度、密度计算公式据文献[47]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  大尹格庄金矿床氢氧同位素组成

    Table  2.   Hydrogen and oxygen isotopic compositions in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    样品编号 成矿阶段 温度T/℃ δDV-SMOW/‰ δOV-SMOW/‰ δ18OH2O/‰
    DYGZ-16-3 324.5 -88.3 9.80 4.80
    DYGZ-3 328.7 -92.5 12.8 7.92
    DYGZ-21 353.8 -97.3 12.1 7.87
    DYGZ-7 333.1 -90.3 11.2 6.44
    DYGZ-10 336.8 -98.6 10.8 6.14
    DYGZ-4-2 308.1 -95.2 11.7 6.22
    DYGZ-5 315.3 -93.4 12.1 6.84
    DYGZ-11 334.2 -103.0 11.4 6.67
    DYGZ-13 323.8 -102.0 12.2 7.18
    DYGZ-18 320.5 -87.9 9.7 4.59
    DYGZ-4-1 308.0 -94.9 8.7 3.22
    DYGZ-1(D) 300.0 -81.8 8.8 2.75
    DYGZ-16-2 304.3 -77.3 10.2 4.60
    DYGZ-14 300.0 -84.4 10.5 4.77
    DYGZ-6 299.0 -89.7 10.2 4.44
    DYGZ-12 306.0 -81.5 10.0 4.46
    DYGZ-15-1 173.8 -87.3 10.8 -0.82
    DYGZ-16-1 231.6 -87.8 12.7 4.32
    DYGZ-1(T) 259.8 -87.4 8.6 1.44
    注:T为流体包裹体均一温度;δ18OH2O采用1 000lnα石英-水=3.38×106T-2-3.40[38]换算
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  大尹格庄金矿床黄铁矿硫和铅同位素组成

    Table  3.   Sulfur and lead isotopic compositions of pyrite in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    样品编号 成矿阶段 δ34SV-CDT/‰ 208Pb/204Pb 207Pb/204Pb 206Pb/204Pb μ ω
    DYGZ-16-3 6.7 38.013 15.512 17.336 9.44 40.32
    DYGZ-3 6.9 38.067 15.528 17.347 9.47 40.67
    DYGZ-21 7.0 38.009 15.509 17.303 9.44 40.50
    DYGZ-7 5.8 38.373 15.605 17.871 9.54 39.43
    DYGZ-10 7.5 37.925 15.483 17.382 9.37 39.29
    DYGZ-4-2 5.9 38.020 15.511 17.306 9.44 40.55
    DYGZ-5 5.3 38.115 15.540 17.371 9.49 40.86
    DYGZ-11 7.6 38.105 15.527 17.431 9.45 40.26
    DYGZ-18 4.7 38.040 15.525 17.306 9.47 40.79
    DYGZ-4-1 6.3 37.996 15.508 17.306 9.44 40.40
    DYGZ-1(D) 5.8 38.010 15.511 17.332 9.44 40.32
    DYGZ-16-2 5.7 37.975 15.505 17.281 9.44 40.44
    DYGZ-14 5.1 38.005 15.512 17.336 9.44 40.28
    DYGZ-6 3.1 37.983 15.505 17.317 9.43 40.23
    DYGZ-12 5.8 37.976 15.508 17.284 9.44 40.46
    DYGZ-15-1 4.4 38.044 15.525 17.327 9.47 40.67
    DYGZ-16-1 3.4 38.027 15.523 17.299 9.47 40.76
    DYGZ-1(T) 4.0 38.060 15.529 17.340 9.47 40.69
    注: μ=238U/204Pb; ω=232Th/204Pb
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  大尹格庄金矿床不同阶段黄铁矿原位硫同位素组成

    Table  4.   Insitu S isotopic compositions of pyrite in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    黄铁矿亚类 δ34SV-CDT/‰ 黄铁矿亚类 δ34SV-CDT/‰ 黄铁矿亚类 δ34SV-CDT/‰
    Py1 6.00 Py2 6.20 Py2 7.42
    Py1 7.05 Py2 5.90 Py2 6.74
    Py1 7.43 Py2 5.99 Py3 6.41
    Py1 7.26 Py2 7.07 Py3 6.47
    Py1 5.81 Py2 6.47 Py3 6.52
    Py1 7.13 Py2 6.76 Py3 6.41
    Py2 7.14 Py2 6.77 Py3 6.49
    Py2 7.17 Py2 6.40 Py3 6.26
    Py2 6.95 Py2 6.64 Py3 6.29
    Py2 6.98 Py2 7.01 Py3 6.40
    Py2 6.95 Py2 7.04 Py3 6.03
    Py2 7.10 Py2 6.56 Py3 6.18
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  大尹格庄矿石金及其他元素质量分数组成

    Table  5.   Compositions of Au and other elements in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit

    分析元素含量单位 成矿阶段 Au* Au** Au Ag Cu Pb Zn
    wB/10-6
    DYGZ-16-3 0.056 0.056 3.36 60.8 2 160 4 610
    DYGZ-3 4.48 4.48 14.65 942 132.5 35.0
    DYGZ-21 12.20 12.20 20.20 700 1 090 34.0
    DYGZ-7 0.029 0.029 1.81 10.1 64.1 16.0
    DYGZ-10 1.155 1.16 2.81 5.50 70.7 19.0
    DYGZ-4-2 8.75 8.75 240 36 200 2 150 612
    DYGZ-5 14.65 14.7 15.75 37.4 711 12.0
    DYGZ-11 9.28 9.28 21.1 55.8 460 33.0
    DYGZ-13 3.03 3.03 12.45 594 113.5 16.0
    DYGZ-18 91.40 91.4 18.05 1 120 506 16.0
    DYGZ-4-1 24.70 24.7 7.86 1 090 199 77.0
    DYGZ-1(D) 3.57 3.57 6.87 78.1 714 43.0
    DYGZ-16-2 182.5 182.5 610 1 210 50 800 585
    DYGZ-14 9.99 9.99 92.6 6 990 200 000 384
    DYGZ-6 28.60 28.6 85.5 7 800 1 315 20
    DYGZ-12 112.5 112.5 830 6 980 41 500 291
    DYGZ-15-1 43.7 43.7 111 2 470 2 870 28
    DYGZ-16-1 23.2 23.2 109 6 110 1 700 3 670
    DYGZ-1(T) 22.7 22.7 238 4 100 7 770 87.0
    注:“—”代表低于检出限; *电感耦合等离子体发射光谱分析法结果; **火试金-重量法结果;其他为等离子体发射光谱与等离子体质谱分析法结果
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  大尹格庄金矿床金矿物电子探针成分分析

    Table  6.   Composition of gold mineral in the Dayingezhuang gold deposit according to EPMA

    样品编号 成矿阶段 Ag Te Fe S Au 总量 金成色
    wB/%
    DYGZ-4 21.82 0.00 0.31 0.04 76.51 98.77 778
    DYGZ-4 24.06 0.00 1.37 0.10 74.42 99.99 756
    DYGZ-4 23.55 0.08 0.94 0.09 74.27 99.02 759
    DYGZ-4 25.14 0.05 1.82 0.09 73.30 100.44 745
    DYGZ-4 15.21 0.01 2.05 0.23 80.74 98.39 842
    DYGZ-4 15.14 0.00 1.18 0.04 82.45 98.92 845
    DYGZ-4 12.74 0.05 0.71 0.07 84.91 98.60 870
    DYGZ-4 10.80 0.25 0.90 0.06 87.99 100.19 891
    DYGZ-13 19.14 0.21 0.22 0.09 79.10 98.76 805
    DYGZ-13 21.89 0.01 0.60 0.12 75.44 98.11 775
    DYGZ-13 21.67 0.08 0.32 0.05 76.94 99.10 780
    DYGZ-13 21.81 0.15 0.63 0.06 75.83 98.64 777
    DYGZ-13 19.82 0.00 1.79 0.13 80.05 101.93 802
    DYGZ-13 17.18 0.20 0.85 0.07 79.93 98.44 823
    DYGZ-12 35.52 0.32 0.20 0.02 62.67 98.99 638
    DYGZ-12 36.25 0.16 0.04 0.02 63.22 99.82 636
    DYGZ-12 40.48 0.26 0.27 0.01 58.33 99.82 590
    DYGZ-12 39.51 0.29 0.54 0.05 58.91 100.22 599
    DYGZ-12 37.20 0.07 0.10 0.03 60.90 98.63 621
    DYGZ-12 36.56 0.26 0.11 0.00 63.06 100.30 633
    DYGZ-12 32.87 0.35 0.24 0.01 66.27 100.33 668
    DYGZ-12 35.37 0.13 0.39 0.19 62.78 98.94 640
    DYGZ-12 38.15 0.16 0.28 0.03 59.87 98.66 611
    DYGZ-12 36.45 0.09 0.18 0.03 63.07 99.89 634
    DYGZ-12 30.20 0.14 0.13 0.00 68.78 99.56 695
    DYGZ-12 39.19 0.16 0.09 0.01 58.93 98.49 601
    DYGZ-12 38.97 0.03 0.06 0.05 61.35 100.50 612
    DYGZ-12 43.42 0.22 0.06 0.00 56.56 100.50 566
    DYGZ-12 36.50 0.13 0.09 0.03 62.16 99.05 630
    DYGZ-12 42.99 0.12 0.19 0.05 57.18 100.86 571
    DYGZ-12 29.41 0.12 0.15 0.05 68.56 98.46 700
    DYGZ-12 39.75 0.22 0.47 0.09 60.62 101.39 604
    DYGZ-12 35.89 0.24 0.29 0.00 62.83 99.57 636
    注:金成色计算方法: Au/(Au+Ag)×1 000,其中Au、Ag代表质量分数
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-09-06
  • 录用日期:  2022-11-30
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