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多源遥感影像融合处理提取格拉丹东雪山区域特征信息

许伟 杨德芳 陈李昊 罗锴澍 张生鹏 张彦泽 李龙 陈刚

许伟, 杨德芳, 陈李昊, 罗锴澍, 张生鹏, 张彦泽, 李龙, 陈刚. 多源遥感影像融合处理提取格拉丹东雪山区域特征信息[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(2): 370-385. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220545
引用本文: 许伟, 杨德芳, 陈李昊, 罗锴澍, 张生鹏, 张彦泽, 李龙, 陈刚. 多源遥感影像融合处理提取格拉丹东雪山区域特征信息[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(2): 370-385. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220545
XU Wei, YANG Defang, CHEN Lihao, LUO Kaishu, ZHANG Shengpeng, ZHANG Yanze, LI Long, CHEN Gang. Fusion processing of multisource remote sensing images for extracting characteristic information from the Geladandong Snow Mountain area[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(2): 370-385. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220545
Citation: XU Wei, YANG Defang, CHEN Lihao, LUO Kaishu, ZHANG Shengpeng, ZHANG Yanze, LI Long, CHEN Gang. Fusion processing of multisource remote sensing images for extracting characteristic information from the Geladandong Snow Mountain area[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(2): 370-385. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220545

多源遥感影像融合处理提取格拉丹东雪山区域特征信息

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20220545
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 42274012

中国地质大学(武汉)长江源科考“三全育人”示范项目 2022171

详细信息
    作者简介:

    许伟, E-mail: CUGxuwei@cug.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    陈刚, E-mail: ddwhcg@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P407.8

Fusion processing of multisource remote sensing images for extracting characteristic information from the Geladandong Snow Mountain area

More Information
  • 摘要:

    2022年7月中国地质大学(武汉)冰川勘测组与登山组, 在格拉丹东雪山开展了“第二次大学生长江源科考”工作。为详细分析该区域冰川时空特征信息, 以此次科研数据为支撑, 结合光学遥感影像解译、InSAR形变信息提取、激光雷达测高及高精度大地测量, 进行了多源遥感影像融合处理研究。针对格拉丹东雪山及典型冰川, 采用高分卫星GF1、GF6、GF7、ZY3与Landsat7遥感影像, 利用空三加密、频域影像互相关匹配、波段比值法及目视解译,提取区域DOM、冰川面积及条数分布;利用Sentinel-1A、ICESat-2影像,以SAR影像空间域互相关偏移量追踪方法为支撑,分别提取冰川表面流速及高程变化;利用青海省域北斗CORS站点,采用Gamit/Globk双差无电离层组合模型、卫星星站差分(real-time extended, 简称RTX)及RTK(real-time kinematic)方法,计算所有控制点三维空间坐标及高程异常值。结果表明: 格拉丹东雪山共发育冰川512条,年均增长率为3.12%,面积1 111.96 km2,年均退缩速率为0.63%;姜根(古)迪如冰川日均最大流速为0.25 cm/d,年均最大流速为91.25 cm/a,其南支最大退缩值、堆积值及年变化速率分别为-74.63 m、38.44 m、-5.29~3.09 m/a,北支最大退缩值、堆积值和年变化速率-39.17 m、35.74 m、-3.02~2.85 m/a;所有控制点中误差及区域似大地水准面精化模型精度均达到了mm级。研究成果可以为后续在该地区开展相关冰川研究工作提供数据支撑。

     

  • 图 1  格拉丹东雪山监测范围及数据类型

    a.格拉丹东雪山DEM影像及卫星影像范围;b.格拉丹东雪山基础控制点及像控点点位

    Figure 1.  Monitoring scope and data types of the Geladandong Snow Mountain

    图 2  不同时期冰川面积及变化情况

    a.冰川数量变化趋势;b.冰川面积变化趋势;c.冰川面积变化量;d.冰川面积变化速率

    Figure 2.  Changes in glacier area and variation during different periods

    图 3  格拉丹东雪山代表性冰川面积及条数变化情况

    A.姜根(古)迪如冰川监测区面积变化: a1, a2, a3.冰舌发育情况; b1, b2, b3.冰川中段发育情况; c, d.冰舌面积变化及退缩对比解译;B.a′1, a′2, b′1, b′2, c′1, c′2, d′1, d′2, d′3分别为代表性平顶冰川、悬冰川、山谷冰川及冰斗冰川面积变化

    Figure 3.  Changes in area and number of representative glacier in the Geladandong Snow Mountain

    图 4  不同海拔冰川面积变化情况

    Figure 4.  Variation in glacier area at different elevations

    图 5  姜根(古)迪如冰川表面流速及DEM差值图

    a. 不同影像获取时间影像相对空间基数分布; b~e. 2018-2021年4 a姜根(古)迪如冰川表面日均流速; f. 2018-2019年姜根(古)迪如冰川DEM差值; g. 2020-2021年姜根(古)迪如冰川DEM差值

    Figure 5.  Surface velocity and DEM difference at the Jianggen(gu) Diru Glacier

    图 6  姜根(古)迪如冰川高程变化监测分析

    a.姜根(古)迪如冰川ICESat-2监测轨迹与时间图;b.姜根(古)迪如冰川ICESat-2与DEM高程差分级图;c.姜根(古)迪如南支冰川高程变化监测图;d.姜根(古)迪如南支冰川高程变化速率监测图;e.姜根(古)迪如北支冰川高程变化监测图;f.姜根(古)迪如北支冰川高程变化速率监测图

    Figure 6.  Analysis of the monitoring of elevation variation in Jianggen (gu) Diru Glacier

    图 7  格拉丹东雪山GNSS测量控制网及卫星影像控制点分布

    a.格拉丹东雪山大本营测量控制网;b.格拉丹东雪山北斗CORS站点首级控制网;c.格拉丹东雪山卫星影像控制点测量点位分布

    Figure 7.  GNSS measurement control network and satellite image control point distribution in the Geladandong Snow Mountain

    图 8  格拉丹东雪山GNSS大地测量高程异常值及中误差

    a.似大地水准面高程异常值及控制点分布;b.似大地水准面高程异常值散点;c.似大地水准面精化模型线性拟合;d.似大地水准面精化模型最邻近点拟合;e.所有控制点高程异常值;f.控制点中误差

    Figure 8.  GNSS geodetic elevation outliers and median errors in the Geladandong Snow Mountain dataset

    表  1  光学遥感影像数据源

    Table  1.   Optical remote sensing image data sources

    序号 数据源 传感器 重访周期/d 波段数 分辨率/m 有效景数/景 现时性 数据覆盖度/% 用途
    全色 多光谱
    1 GF-1 WFV 4 4 2.0 8.0 49 2012-2021年 75 影像数据处理,冰川面积、边界及条数提取
    2 GF1B/GF1C/GF1D WFV 4 4 2.0 8.0 65 2012-2020年 89
    3 GF7 WFV 5 4 0.7 2.8 28 2012-2020年 85
    4 GF6 WFV 4 5 2.0 8.0 32 2016-2021年 70
    5 ZY3-01C/02C WFV 3 4 2.1 5.8 84 2016-2021年 68
    6 Landsat7 TM/ETM+ 16 7 15~30 36 2000/2015/2020年 73
    7 ALOS PALSAR DEM 12.5 2011年 100
    8 第二次冰川编目 2007年 100 界线数据
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同时期冰川面积及变化情况统计

    Table  2.   Statistical table of glacier area and variation in different periods

    监测年份 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    冰川数量/条 496 496 496 498 499 502 503 504 512
    冰川面积/km2 1 176.65 1 173.71 1 162.75 1 148.23 1 145.05 1 137.92 1 132.84 1 121.64 1 111.96
    较上年变化量/km2 -2.94 -10.96 -14.52 -3.18 -7.13 -5.08 -11.20 -9.68
    变化率/% 0.25 0.93 1.25 0.28 0.62 0.45 0.99 0.86
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  姜根(古)迪如冰川不同时期面积及变化情况统计

    Table  3.   Statistical table of glacial area and variation during different periods for the Jianggen (gu) Diru Glacier

    类别 不同时期冰川面积及变化 两支冰川不同时期面积及变化
    北支冰川 南支冰川
    年份 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021
    数量/个 2 2 1 1 1 1
    周长/km 78.14 101.13 36.22 36.24 41.88 41.90
    面积/km2 58.38 58.12 25.12 25.01 33.26 33.11
    周长较上年变化/km 22.99 0.02 0.02
    面积较上年变化/km2 -0.26 -0.11 -0.15
    面积变化率/% -0.45 -0.44 -0.45
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同海拔冰川面积变化情况统计

    Table  4.   Statistical table of variation in glacier area at different elevations

    监测年份 平均海拔范围/m
    < 5 600 [5 600, 5 700) [5 700, 5 800] >5 800
    冰川面积/km2
    2012 173.80 288.18 492.82 221.85
    2013 189.36 286.10 478.40 219.85
    2014 171.00 286.35 486.78 218.62
    2015 168.37 278.83 475.57 225.46
    2016 213.29 278.42 428.50 224.85
    2017 164.98 276.81 472.05 224.08
    2018 162.46 274.85 471.76 223.79
    2019 161.84 271.75 397.43 290.63
    2020 149.21 276.46 396.68 289.61
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  Sentinel-1A数据统计表

    Table  5.   Statistical table of Sentinel-1A data

    序号 轨道ID 升/降轨 采集时间 序号 轨道ID 升/降轨 采集时间 序号 轨道ID 升/降轨 采集时间
    1 150 Descending 2018/01/15 9 150 Descending 2019/04/16 17 150 Descending 2020/10/31
    2 150 Descending 2018/02/08 10 150 Descending 2019/05/10 18 150 Descending 2020/11/24
    3 150 Descending 2018/04/21 11 150 Descending 2019/11/18 19 150 Descending 2021/01/23
    4 150 Descending 2018/05/15 12 150 Descending 2019/12/12 20 150 Descending 2021/02/16
    5 150 Descending 2018/10/06 13 150 Descending 2020/01/29 21 150 Descending 2021/04/17
    6 150 Descending 2018/10/30 14 150 Descending 2020/02/22 22 150 Descending 2021/05/11
    7 150 Descending 2019/01/10 15 150 Descending 2020/04/10 23 150 Descending 2021/10/26
    8 150 Descending 2019/02/03 16 150 Descending 2020/05/04 24 150 Descending 2021/11/19
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  ICESat-2激光测高数据统计

    Table  6.   Statistical table of ICESat-2 laser altimetry data

    序号 轨道ID 升/降轨 采集时间 序号 轨道ID 升/降轨 采集时间
    1 294 2019/01/16 7 1239 2019/12/17
    2 439 2019/01/26 8 294 2020/01/14
    3 294 2019/04/17 9 294 2020/04/24
    4 439 2019/04/27 10 439 2020/07/24
    5 439 2019/07/26 11 439 2020/10/22
    6 439 2019/10/25 12 294 2021/10/11
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-09-28
  • 录用日期:  2022-11-15
  • 修回日期:  2022-11-09

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