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断裂带水力特性研究进展

史浙明 叶海龙 吕少杰 齐之钰 何冠儒

史浙明, 叶海龙, 吕少杰, 齐之钰, 何冠儒. 断裂带水力特性研究进展[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(4): 47-54. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb2022
引用本文: 史浙明, 叶海龙, 吕少杰, 齐之钰, 何冠儒. 断裂带水力特性研究进展[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(4): 47-54. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb2022
Shi Zheming, Ye Hailong, Lü Shaojie, Qi Zhiyu, He Guanru. Advances in fault zone hydraulic properties[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(4): 47-54. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb2022
Citation: Shi Zheming, Ye Hailong, Lü Shaojie, Qi Zhiyu, He Guanru. Advances in fault zone hydraulic properties[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(4): 47-54. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb2022

断裂带水力特性研究进展

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb2022
基金项目: 

南昌市水文地质与优质地下水资源开发利用重点实验室资助项目 20232B22

详细信息
    作者简介:

    史浙明(1988—), 男, 教授, 主要从事水文地质教学与科研工作。E-mail: szm@cugb.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P641

Advances in fault zone hydraulic properties

  • 摘要:

    断裂带作为具有重要水文地质意义的构造现象, 往往对地下水运移产生显著影响。考虑断裂带的水文地质作用对于水资源管理和评价具有重要意义。围绕断裂带渗透性, 从断裂带渗透性结构及调查方法, 断裂带水力特性定量表征, 断裂带水力特性的动态演变特征, 断裂带地下水流模拟等方面展开论述。断裂带的渗透性是当前断裂带研究的核心, 不同的渗透性刻画方法具有不同的代表性尺度。断裂带渗透性具有复杂的时空分布特征, 对刻画断裂带的地下水运移造成较大挑战。针对不同目的, 选择合适的数值模拟方法是定量刻画断裂带地下水运移的重要途径, 也可以对其他方法进行有效的验证。如何在模拟过程中考虑断裂带水力特性在时空尺度上的复杂性是准确刻画断裂带地下水流动的前提。笔者认为建立专门的断裂带水文地质观测基地, 综合地质、水文地质、热流、地球物理及遥感数据资料, 加强多学科的交叉合作, 是进一步提升断裂带地下水研究水平的关键。

     

  • 图 1  断裂带分类示意图(据文献[1]修改)

    Figure 1.  Schematic diagram of fault zone classification

    图 2  断裂破碎带(a)及断裂带渗透结构(b)示意图(据文献[12]修改)

    Figure 2.  Schematic diagram of the fault damage zone (a) and fault zone permeability structure (b)

    图 3  断层对地下水流动影响的3种概念模式

    Figure 3.  Three conceptual models of fault influence on groundwater flow

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-02-11
  • 录用日期:  2023-05-11
  • 修回日期:  2023-04-11

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