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跨流域地下水循环研究进展

韩鹏飞 王旭升 蒋小伟 万力

韩鹏飞, 王旭升, 蒋小伟, 万力. 跨流域地下水循环研究进展[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(4): 107-117. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230013
引用本文: 韩鹏飞, 王旭升, 蒋小伟, 万力. 跨流域地下水循环研究进展[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(4): 107-117. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230013
Han Pengfei, Wang Xusheng, Jiang Xiaowei, Wan Li. Advances in interbasin groundwater circulation[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(4): 107-117. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230013
Citation: Han Pengfei, Wang Xusheng, Jiang Xiaowei, Wan Li. Advances in interbasin groundwater circulation[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(4): 107-117. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230013

跨流域地下水循环研究进展

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230013
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 41772249

详细信息
    作者简介:

    韩鹏飞(1988—), 男, 讲师, 主要从事地下水循环的研究工作。E-mail: pfhan@cugb.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    王旭升(1974—), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事水文模型研究工作。E-mail: wxsh@cugb.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P641

Advances in interbasin groundwater circulation

  • 摘要:

    在区域尺度上,地下水流的路径存在跨越地表分水岭的可能性,从而形成跨流域地下水循环,影响流域之间的水文关系和溶质输送过程。跨流域地下水循环的研究在国际上尚处于起步阶段,方兴未艾,目前已经取得的进展是一个值得关注的问题。对近20年来国内外跨流域地下水循环的研究文献进行了系统的跟踪分析,从形成机理、识别方法和影响评估3个角度总结现有的研究进展。在水动力学形成机理方面,已经从理论上确定了地表分水岭、潜水面最高点和地下水流系统分水点之间的偏离特征,为划分河流之间的多种跨流域地下水循环路径提供了依据。在跨流域地下水循环的识别方面,一系列实际流域的案例提供了可以借鉴的方法,包括水均衡法、流域水文模型和水文地球化学端元混合模型等,证实了跨流域地下水循环的存在性,甚至评估出其循环通量,深化了流域水量平衡关系的认识。研究表明流域地理位置、形态尺寸、气候背景和地质构造等条件都会影响跨流域地下水循环的发生及通量。在影响评价方面,初步发现跨流域地下水循环对水文要素的气候敏感性、Budyko模式状态参数及碳源碳汇形成有重要影响,忽略其作用可能产生错误的认识。目前,科学界对跨流域地下水循环的动力学过程及其物质输送效应的研究还相对薄弱,缺乏准确的定量评估方法,未来的研究重点是揭示三维含水层空间的跨流域地下水循环路径,准确评估跨流域地下水循环的各种影响。

     

  • 图 1  跨流域地下水循环过程示意图

    a.流动系统层级;b.流域水均衡要素

    Figure 1.  Schematic diagrams of interbasin groundwater circulation process

    图 2  不同地貌形态下两条河之间跨流域地下水循环的潜在路径结构(改自文献[13, 15])

    a.地表分水岭位于中部、地下水无穿越流;b.地表分水岭靠近低水位河流、无穿越流;c.地表分水岭位于中部、有穿越流;d.地表分水岭很靠近高水位河流、无穿越流

    Figure 2.  Potential path of interbasin groundwater circulation between two rivers under different topography

    图 3  闭合流域(a)与非闭合流域(b, c)水文循环过程概念模型(改自文献[8])

    Figure 3.  Conceptual models of hydrological cycle processes in the closed basin (a) and unclosed basin (b, c)

    图 4  岩溶系统概念模型(a)(改自文献[52])和Jura山脉岩溶系统概念模型(b)(改自文献[53])

    黑点和黑线代表非饱和带中的补给点和管道;红线代表饱和带中的管道;每个泉的流域范围可以追踪到补给点

    Figure 4.  Conceptual model of a karst system (a) and conceptual model of the Jura Mountains karst system (b)

    图 5  不考虑(a)和考虑(b)跨流域地下水循环时Semois河子流域数据点在Budyko空间的分布(改自文献[60])

    Figure 5.  Distribution of data points in the Budyko space for subbasins of the Semois River obtained using the model without (a) or with (b) the interbasin groundwater circulation

    图 6  有无跨流域地下水循环影响的流域碳循环通量评估案例(单位为gC m-2yr-1)(改自文献[63])

    Figure 6.  Schematic diagram of carbon cycle fluxes in Arboleda basin (a) and Taconazo basin(b) with or without interbasin groundwater circulation

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-01-08
  • 录用日期:  2023-04-19
  • 修回日期:  2023-03-24

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