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基于地下水位微动态反演含水层水文地质参数研究进展

张卉 王广才 史浙明 周鹏鹏

张卉, 王广才, 史浙明, 周鹏鹏. 基于地下水位微动态反演含水层水文地质参数研究进展[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(4): 138-146. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230029
引用本文: 张卉, 王广才, 史浙明, 周鹏鹏. 基于地下水位微动态反演含水层水文地质参数研究进展[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(4): 138-146. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230029
Zhang Hui, Wang Guangcai, Shi Zheming, Zhou Pengpeng. Advances in estimation of aquifer hydrogeological parameters based on microfluctuations of groundwater level[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(4): 138-146. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230029
Citation: Zhang Hui, Wang Guangcai, Shi Zheming, Zhou Pengpeng. Advances in estimation of aquifer hydrogeological parameters based on microfluctuations of groundwater level[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(4): 138-146. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230029

基于地下水位微动态反演含水层水文地质参数研究进展

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230029
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金重点项目 42030705

山西省基础研究计划(自由探索类)青年项目 202203021222114

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张卉(1993—), 女, 讲师, 主要从事地震地下水研究工作。E-mail: zhanghui03@tyut.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    王广才(1962—), 男, 教授, 主要从事水文地质方面的教学与科研工作。E-mail: wanggc@cugb.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P641

Advances in estimation of aquifer hydrogeological parameters based on microfluctuations of groundwater level

  • 摘要:

    研究水文地质参数随时间变化的特征及机理有利于深入了解地下水系统特性。地下水位微动态对于天然周期性荷载固体潮及气压加载作用的响应则提供了一种经济有效的含水层水文地质参数计算方法。系统梳理了地下水对于固体潮响应、气压响应以及综合固体潮及气压响应求解参数的理论模型,介绍了井-含水层系统受地震及采矿活动影响过程中水文地质参数随时间变化的情况。气压响应方法也可用于含水层脆弱性的评估。分析认为,研究地下水位微动态有利于在时间及空间尺度上了解地壳运动及人类活动对含水层系统的影响。最后提出了该领域未来研究方向主要包括:井孔皮肤效应及储积效应的应用、结合多种确定基础地质参数的方法提高水文地质参数计算精度、探索地下水超采及地面沉降等其他人类活动对区域尺度含水层系统的影响。

     

  • 图 1  井孔水位微动态固体潮和气压响应概念模型图(a),实测大气压数据时间序列(b),对应实测大气压数据频率域(c),实测非承压条件下潜水井水位时间序列(d), 对应潜水井水位频率域(e), 理论固体潮计算结果时间序列(f), 对应固体潮频率域(g), 实测承压条件下承压井水位时间序列(h), 对应承压井水位频率域(i), 频率域中上标AT、ET分别代表气压、固体潮主导分波,S1K1S2M2为与其相关的日波及半日波,φ1φ2代表相同频率的固体潮及气压谐波加载作用下引起的地下水位相位响应(改自文献[26])

    Figure 1.  Conceptual overview of the groundwater system response to earth tides and barometric pressure(a), and time series of measured barometric pressure(b), barometric pressure in frequency domain(c), water level measured in unconfined aquifer(d), amplitude spectrum of water level measured in unconfined aquifer (e), computed theoretical earth tides in time domain(f), theoretical earth tides in frequency domain(g), time series of measured confined water level(h), confined water level in frequency domain(i)

    图 2  实验室及野外观测到的渗透率与动态应变幅值变化关系图总结(引自文献[54])

    黑色填充框表示频率≥10 Hz的室内实验; 白色框为实验室动态应力变化测试结果; 灰色线框为野外天然情况下观测结果

    Figure 2.  Summary of the permeability changes documented in the laboratory and field as a function of dynamic strain

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-01-17
  • 录用日期:  2023-03-10
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