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方解石脉体形成时间与流体来源及其地质意义: 以苏北盆地黄桥地区三叠系青龙组碳酸盐岩储层为例

陈俊林 黄亚浩 郭小文 罗涛 王岩磊 张旭友 胡志啟 江红满 王洋

陈俊林, 黄亚浩, 郭小文, 罗涛, 王岩磊, 张旭友, 胡志啟, 江红满, 王洋. 方解石脉体形成时间与流体来源及其地质意义: 以苏北盆地黄桥地区三叠系青龙组碳酸盐岩储层为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(3): 157-169. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230099
引用本文: 陈俊林, 黄亚浩, 郭小文, 罗涛, 王岩磊, 张旭友, 胡志啟, 江红满, 王洋. 方解石脉体形成时间与流体来源及其地质意义: 以苏北盆地黄桥地区三叠系青龙组碳酸盐岩储层为例[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(3): 157-169. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230099
CHEN Junlin, HUANG Yahao, GUO Xiaowen, LUO Tao, WANG Yanlei, ZHANG Xuyou, HU Zhiqi, JIANG Hongman, WANG Yang. Formation time and fluid source of calcite veins and geological significance: An example from the Triassic Qinglong Formation carbonate reservoirs in the Huangqiao area, Subei Basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(3): 157-169. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230099
Citation: CHEN Junlin, HUANG Yahao, GUO Xiaowen, LUO Tao, WANG Yanlei, ZHANG Xuyou, HU Zhiqi, JIANG Hongman, WANG Yang. Formation time and fluid source of calcite veins and geological significance: An example from the Triassic Qinglong Formation carbonate reservoirs in the Huangqiao area, Subei Basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(3): 157-169. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230099

方解石脉体形成时间与流体来源及其地质意义: 以苏北盆地黄桥地区三叠系青龙组碳酸盐岩储层为例

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230099
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 U20B6001

详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈俊林, E-mail: chenjunlin@cug.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    郭小文, E-mail: guoxw@cug.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P618.13

Formation time and fluid source of calcite veins and geological significance: An example from the Triassic Qinglong Formation carbonate reservoirs in the Huangqiao area, Subei Basin

More Information
  • 摘要:

    裂缝方解石脉是构造成岩作用的产物, 记录了裂缝开启和流体活动的信息。基于岩石薄片观察、阴极发光和U-Pb同位素定年在厘清苏北盆地黄桥地区三叠系青龙组碳酸盐岩中方解石脉发育期次和形成时间, 通过稀土元素特征, C、O、Sr同位素特征综合分析了方解石脉体成脉流体来源。结果表明: 黄桥地区青龙组发育4期方解石脉体, 4期方解石脉体形成时间分别为(115.30±0.42), (97.03±0.43), (85.29±0.25), (45.5±19.0) Ma。第1和第2期方解石成脉流体分别来源于深部热液流体和大气淡水以及海水的混合流体。第3期方解石成脉流体来源于同层地层水和深部壳源热液流体的混合流体。第4期成脉流体来源于同层地层水和深部幔源热液流体的混合流体。苏北盆地黄桥地区三叠系青龙组碳酸盐岩储层中4期脉体的形成时间与不同期次构造活动具有对应关系, 表明构造活动对流体活动的控制作用。储层中3期深部热液流体的注入是因为构造活动导致深大断裂沟通深部流体而注入到储层中的结果, 多期的深部热液流体活动可能指示了黄桥地区三叠系青龙组储层具有多期油气成藏的特征。

     

  • 图 1  苏北盆地构造单元及黄桥气田分布

    Figure 1.  Distribution of tectonic units and Huangqiao gas field in the Subei Basin

    图 2  苏北盆地黄桥气田地层综合柱状图

    Figure 2.  Comprehensive stratigraphic bar chart of the Huangqiao gas field in the Subei Basin

    图 3  苏北盆地黄桥地区三叠系青龙组方解石脉体岩相学和阴极发光特征

    a~c.S174井,1 610.5 m,青龙组,裂缝充填C1方解石,C1方解石阴极发光呈亮红色;d~f.X2井1 738.36 m,青龙组,缝洞充填C2和裂缝充填C3方解石,C2方解石阴极发光呈暗红色,C3方解石阴极发光呈橘黄色;g, h.N13井1 438.56 m,青龙组,孔洞中充填C4方解石,阴极发光呈暗红色

    Figure 3.  Petrography and cathodeluminescence characteristics of calcite veins from the Triassic Qinglong Formation in the Huangqiao area, Subei Basin

    图 4  苏北盆地黄桥地区三叠系青龙组脉体方解石激光原位U-Pb同位素年龄

    n.测试点个数;MSWD.加权平均方差

    Figure 4.  Laser in situ U-Pb isotopic ages of calcite veins from the Triassic Qinglong Formation in the Huangqiao area, Subei Basin

    图 5  苏北盆地黄桥地区三叠系青龙组方解石脉体与围岩稀土元素配分模式(PAAS.澳大利亚页岩)

    Figure 5.  Distribution pattern of rare earth elements between calcite veins and surrounding rocks from the Triassic Qinglong Formation in the Huangqiao area, Subei Basin

    图 6  苏北盆地黄桥地区三叠系青龙组方解石脉体及围岩C、O同位素特征和Z

    Figure 6.  C and O isotopic characteristics and Z values of calcite excised from veins and surrounding rocks from the Triassic Qinglong Formation in the Huangqiao area, Subei Basin

    图 7  苏北盆地黄桥地区三叠系青龙组方解石脉体及围岩Sr同位素特征

    Figure 7.  Sr isotope characteristics of calcite veins and surrounding rocks from the Triassic Qinglong Formation in the Huangqiao area, Subei Basin

    图 8  苏北盆地黄桥地区埋藏史(改自文献[51])

    Figure 8.  Burial history of the Huangqiao area, Subei Basin

    表  1  苏北盆地黄桥地区三叠系青龙组方解石脉体与围岩特征元素参数

    Table  1.   Characteristic elemental parameters of calcite veins and surrounding rocks from the Triassic Qinglong Formation in the Huangqiao area, Subei Basin

    样品 w(Fe)/10-6 w(Mn)/10-6 w(Sr)/10-6 Fe/Mn Mn/Sr Y/Ho La/Ho
    C1方解石脉体 5 468.55 2 211.82 2 485.52 2.47 0.89 30.27 6.45
    C1方解石脉体 5 664.54 2 159.44 2 665.74 2.62 0.81 32.90 6.96
    C1方解石脉体 6 112.30 2 198.66 3 097.30 2.78 0.71 35.37 9.34
    C1方解石脉体 6 078.90 2 185.26 3 189.04 2.78 0.69 33.75 9.11
    C1方解石脉体 3 792.93 1 652.97 8 14.50 2.29 2.03 32.23 3.84
    C1方解石脉体 5 509.96 2 076.61 2 546.05 2.65 0.82 38.33 11.35
    C2方解石脉体 134.08 219.18 1 852.69 0.61 0.12 59.82 1.08
    C2方解石脉体 127.66 219.35 1 426.23 0.58 0.15 47.44 0.41
    C2方解石脉体 115.36 211.10 1 797.10 0.55 0.12 48.00 0.35
    C3方解石脉体 171.00 998.41 452.22 0.17 2.21 34.82 0.04
    C3方解石脉体 165.88 1 268.72 506.04 0.13 2.51 35.77 0.05
    C3方解石脉体 181.73 1 512.56 23 254.05 0.12 0.07 41.56 0.12
    C4方解石脉体 4 829.25 247.76 661.94 19.49 0.37 30.53 6.95
    C4方解石脉体 4 702.50 250.32 340.08 18.79 0.74 29.07 6.66
    C4方解石脉体 4 476.20 253.72 476.45 17.64 0.53 30.15 6.88
    围岩 589.09 57.21 637.30 10.30 0.09 34.72 4.81
    围岩 1 062.09 42.90 551.68 24.76 0.08 30.41 13.94
    围岩 2 883.60 132.09 897.39 21.83 0.15 32.26 33.20
    围岩 2 173.29 103.35 923.87 21.03 0.11 26.74 23.98
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-02-27
  • 录用日期:  2023-06-27
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