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不同类型地热水硼的地球化学特征及对地热系统成因机制的指示

尚建波 卫兴 曹园园 师红杰 刘明亮

尚建波, 卫兴, 曹园园, 师红杰, 刘明亮. 不同类型地热水硼的地球化学特征及对地热系统成因机制的指示[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(1): 288-297. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230156
引用本文: 尚建波, 卫兴, 曹园园, 师红杰, 刘明亮. 不同类型地热水硼的地球化学特征及对地热系统成因机制的指示[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(1): 288-297. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230156
SHANG Jianbo, WEI Xing, CAO Yuanyuan, SHI Hongjie, LIU Mingliang. Boron geochemical characteristics in different types of geothermal water and its indications for the genesis mechanism of geothermal systems[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(1): 288-297. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230156
Citation: SHANG Jianbo, WEI Xing, CAO Yuanyuan, SHI Hongjie, LIU Mingliang. Boron geochemical characteristics in different types of geothermal water and its indications for the genesis mechanism of geothermal systems[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(1): 288-297. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230156

不同类型地热水硼的地球化学特征及对地热系统成因机制的指示

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230156
基金项目: 

宁夏回族自治区重点研发计划项目 2022BEG03060

国家自然科学基金项目 41902257

自然资源部深部地热资源重点实验室开放基金项目 KLDGR2022G01

宁夏回族自治区财政专项项目 NXCZ20220206

地热资源勘查与开发利用山西省重点实验室开放基金项目 SX202205

详细信息
    作者简介:

    尚建波, E-mail: shangjianbo6406@163.com

    通讯作者:

    曹园园, E-mail: baiheyueeryuan1@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P641.3

Boron geochemical characteristics in different types of geothermal water and its indications for the genesis mechanism of geothermal systems

More Information
  • 摘要:

    硼是地热流体中较为保守的元素,经常伴随地热系统出现,研究其来源对揭示不同类型地热系统成因机制有重要作用。分别选取了我国高温与中低温地热系统中较为典型且具有异常高硼浓度的西藏搭格架和宁夏银川盆地地热系统,研究了不同类型地热系统地热水中硼的来源及其相关的地球化学过程。结果表明搭格架中性和弱碱性地热水中硼主要来源于围岩的溶滤与岩浆流体的贡献,搭格架酸性地热水中的硼则主要来源于地下浅层冷水的输入;而银川地热水中硼则主要来源于深层古沉积水的补给。在此基础上,结合区域地质背景及地热水的水化学特征,讨论了不同类型地热系统的成因机制。研究结果表明,地热水中硼的地球化学特征具有识别不同类型地热系统成因机制的潜力。

     

  • 图 1  研究区地质简图及采样点分布图(图a据文献[25]修改;图b据文献[9]修改;图c据文献[24]修改)

    Figure 1.  Simplified geological map of the study areas and sampling locations

    图 2  研究区地热水样Piper三线图

    Figure 2.  Piper plot of geothermal water samples in the study areas

    图 3  地热水样B, As, SO42-, Ca2+, Cl-, Br-质量浓度箱型图

    Figure 3.  Box and whisker plots of B, As, SO42-, Ca2+, Cl- and Br- concentrations of the geothermal water samples

    图 4  搭格架中性、弱碱性地热水样B与As相关图(a)、银川盆地地热水样B与Br相关图(b)

    Figure 4.  Plots of B vs As of neutral and weakly alkaline geothermal water samples from Daggyai(a), and plots of B vs Br of geothermal water samples from the Yinchuan Basin(b)

    图 5  研究区地热水样Na-K-Mg1/2三角图

    Figure 5.  Triangular diagram of Na-K-Mg1/2 of geothermal water samples in the study areas

    图 6  西藏搭格架地热系统(a)与银川盆地地热系统(b)成因机制概念模型

    Figure 6.  Conceptual model for illustrating the geneses of Daggyai, Tibet (a) and Yinchuan Basin (b)

    图 7  银川盆地地热水样Na/Cl与TDS相关图(a)、Cl/Br与Cl相关图(b)

    Figure 7.  Plots of Na/Cl vs TDS of geothermal water samples from the Yinchuan basin(a), and plots of Cl/Br vs Cl of geothermal water samples from the Yinchuan Basin(b)

    表  1  研究区水化学特征

    Table  1.   Hydrochemical characteristics of the study area

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-23
  • 录用日期:  2023-05-07
  • 修回日期:  2023-04-28

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