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考虑生物降解的含水层苯酚自然衰减的数值模拟研究

胡立堂 田蕾 王岽 黄诗棋

胡立堂, 田蕾, 王岽, 黄诗棋. 考虑生物降解的含水层苯酚自然衰减的数值模拟研究[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(4): 37-46. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230168
引用本文: 胡立堂, 田蕾, 王岽, 黄诗棋. 考虑生物降解的含水层苯酚自然衰减的数值模拟研究[J]. 地质科技通报, 2023, 42(4): 37-46. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230168
Hu Litang, Tian Lei, Wang Dong, Huang Shiqi. Numerical simulation studies on monitored natural attenuation of phenol in aquifers considering the biodegradation effect[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(4): 37-46. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230168
Citation: Hu Litang, Tian Lei, Wang Dong, Huang Shiqi. Numerical simulation studies on monitored natural attenuation of phenol in aquifers considering the biodegradation effect[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2023, 42(4): 37-46. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230168

考虑生物降解的含水层苯酚自然衰减的数值模拟研究

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230168
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金联合重点基金项目 U2167211

中国石油化工股份有限公司北京化工研究院委托项目 33650000-21-ZC0607-0007

详细信息
    作者简介:

    胡立堂(1976—), 男, 教授, 主要从事渗流模拟研究工作。E-mail: litanghu@bnu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: X53

Numerical simulation studies on monitored natural attenuation of phenol in aquifers considering the biodegradation effect

  • 摘要:

    监测自然衰减(MNA)是一种应用较广的经济有效的土壤和地下水污染修复技术, 而非水相液体(NAPL)在非均质地层中的运移过程是自然衰减效果评估的重要内容。为了准确刻画多相流体在土壤及地下水中的生物降解过程, 以我国北方某典型苯酚污染场地为例, 基于连续三年的地下水质动态监测数据, 利用多相流数值模拟软件TOUGH3/TMVOCBio构建了考虑Monod生物降解过程的苯酚运移的多相流数值模型。模型再现了现状条件下多相态苯酚的空间分布和时间变化过程, 分析了吸附和Monod生物降解参数的敏感性。最后, 讨论了吸附和微生物降解参数不确定条件下, 溶解、挥发、吸附和生物降解作用去除苯酚贡献率, 对污染源处置的2种情景进行了模拟预测。研究发现, 苯酚呈现间歇性泄漏, 在地下介质中以吸附相为主, 其次为液相和气相, 最少为自由相。在参数不确定性影响下, 生物降解作用为17.91%~58.02%, 并且降水条件会影响苯酚浓度的季节性变化。在未来20年内, 在苯酚污染源完全去除和保持现状泄漏条件时, 第20年末苯酚总质量去除率分别达到98%和80%以上。识别了多相流模型中敏感性较高的生物降解参数, 为石化场地有机物生物降解过程数值模拟提供参考, 同时可为我国MNA技术的应用提供理论依据。

     

  • 图 1  研究区域图

    Figure 1.  Map of the study area

    图 2  研究区三维网格图

    Figure 2.  Three-dimensional grid system in the study area

    图 3  研究区初始液相饱和度分布(a)以及模拟与实测地下水水位关系(b)曲线

    Figure 3.  Distribution of initial liquid saturation(a) and relationship curves between the observed and simulated water tables (b)

    图 4  典型观测井中实测液相苯酚质量浓度与模拟的液相苯酚质量分数随时间变化

    Figure 4.  Measured versus simulated phenol mass fractions in the liquid phase over time in a typical observation well

    图 5  介质中各相苯酚占总质量比例随时间变化

    Figure 5.  Change in the ratio of phenol content in each phase to the total amount in the medium with time

    图 6  典型观测井中苯酚与微生物在液相中质量分数随时间变化曲线

    Figure 6.  Change in phenol and microorganism mass fraction in the liquid phase in a well with time

    图 7  1 080 d典型泄漏点的孔隙水压力和饱和度以及苯酚质量分数的垂向变化曲线

    Figure 7.  Plot of vertical variation of pressure, saturation and phenol mass fraction for a typical leak point on 1 080th day

    图 8  1 080 d剖面A-A′液相苯酚质量分数变化

    Figure 8.  Variation in the liquid phase phenol mass fraction along the cross-section A-A′ point on 1 080th day

    图 9  苯酚吸附和降解主要参数的敏感度

    Figure 9.  Sensitivities of major parameters for phenol adsorption and biodegradation

    图 10  不同降水条件下典型观测井地下水中液相苯酚随时间变化

    Figure 10.  Change in liquid phenol in a typical observation well under different precipitation conditions with time

    图 11  污染源完全去除情景20 a后不同微生物产出系数下液相苯酚质量分数

    a,b代表自然衰减情景一中微生物产出系数为0.25和0.10;c, d代表自然衰减情景二中微生物产出系数为0.25和0.10

    Figure 11.  Mass fractions of phenol in the liquid phase for different microbial production coefficients after 20 years without pollution sources

    图 12  污染源间歇性泄漏情景的未来20 a不同相态苯酚质量随时间变化

    a.自然衰减情景一;b.自然衰减情景二

    Figure 12.  Change in phenol mass with time in the future 20 years with the intermittent pollution sources

    表  1  模型分层和孔隙度与渗透率参数列表

    Table  1.   List of model layers, porosity and permeability

    分层岩性 分层号 厚度/m 垂向饱和渗透率/m2 孔隙度/%
    人工回填土 2~11 2~27 5×10-12 15
    全-强风化层 12~16 10 3×10-12 12
    中风化层 17~18 7 1×10-12 11
    弱-微风化层 19~28 50 1×10-13 10
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  苯酚吸附和生物降解的主要参数[31, 36]

    Table  2.   Major parameters related to phenol adsorption and biodegradation

    参数 基准取值 敏感性范围
    固-液分配系数/(m3·kg-1) 0.146 0.0146~1.460
    介质有机碳质量浓度/% 0.05 0.01~0.2
    微生物最大利用速率/10-7s-1 1.27 0.25~6.35
    基质半饱和常数/10-6(kg·kg-1) 2 1~4
    微生物产出系数/(kg·kg-1) 0.5 0.1~2.5
    氧气利用率/(mol·mol-1) 7.5 3.75~15.0
    氧气半饱和常数/10-7(kg·kg-1) 10 2.0~50
    微生物死亡速率/10-9s-1 23.1 4.10~102
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-26
  • 录用日期:  2023-06-13
  • 修回日期:  2023-05-08

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