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塔里木盆地塔河油田塔深5井震旦系原油地球化学特征及地质意义

罗明霞 曹自成 徐勤琪 刘永立 尚凯

罗明霞, 曹自成, 徐勤琪, 刘永立, 尚凯. 塔里木盆地塔河油田塔深5井震旦系原油地球化学特征及地质意义[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(1): 135-149. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230194
引用本文: 罗明霞, 曹自成, 徐勤琪, 刘永立, 尚凯. 塔里木盆地塔河油田塔深5井震旦系原油地球化学特征及地质意义[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(1): 135-149. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230194
LUO Mingxia, CAO Zicheng, XU Qinqi, LIU Yongli, SHANG Kai. Geochemical characteristics and geological significance of Sinian crude oil from Well Tashen 5, Tahe Oilfield, Tarim Basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(1): 135-149. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230194
Citation: LUO Mingxia, CAO Zicheng, XU Qinqi, LIU Yongli, SHANG Kai. Geochemical characteristics and geological significance of Sinian crude oil from Well Tashen 5, Tahe Oilfield, Tarim Basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(1): 135-149. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230194

塔里木盆地塔河油田塔深5井震旦系原油地球化学特征及地质意义

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230194
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金企业创新发展联合基金项目 U21B2063

中国石化科技部项目 P21048-1

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    罗明霞, E-mail: luomingxia0717@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P618.13

Geochemical characteristics and geological significance of Sinian crude oil from Well Tashen 5, Tahe Oilfield, Tarim Basin

More Information
  • 摘要:

    塔深5(TS5)井于2021年完钻,井深9 017 m,是目前亚洲第一深井,同时也是塔里木盆地台盆区第一口在8 780~8 840 m的上震旦统白云岩段获得油气突破的钻井,也是继轮探1井寒武系盐下突破后,超深层白云岩领域的又一重大发现。为了探究其油气成因,分别对TS5井震旦系凝析油和上部奥陶系重质油,及其邻区寒武系挥发油和奥陶系凝析油进行了有机地球化学特征对比。结果表明,TS5井震旦系凝析油和白云岩储层氯仿抽提物的正构烷烃系列均分布完整,指示了其生烃母质形成于强还原环境;其与奥陶系正常油-超重质油和雅克拉地区凝析油总体具有相似的生物标志化合物和碳同位素分布特征,反映均具有相似的油源;其等效镜质体反射率(Rc)值为1.7%,成熟度高于奥陶系重质油、寒武系挥发油,与邻区凝析油相当,处于高成熟阶段。综合生物标志化合物和碳同位素证据,推测TS5井震旦系油气源来自下寒武统玉尔吐斯组,其与上覆玉尔吐斯组泥页岩构成良好的储盖组合,喜马拉雅晚期来自周边较低部位玉尔吐斯组生成的高成熟凝析油气,沿斜坡运移至震旦系白云岩构造圈闭内形成了一定规模的凝析气藏。TS5井震旦系油气突破,发现了新的含油气层系,丰富了超深层油气成藏过程,为塔里木盆地超深层勘探指明了新的探索方向。

     

  • 图 1  塔里木盆地塔北隆起构造单元分布及TS5井位置

    Figure 1.  Distribution of tectonic units in the Tabei uplift and location of Well TS5 in Tarim Basin

    图 2  塔河油田奥陶系油气藏类型分布图

    Figure 2.  Distribution of Ordovician oil and gas reservoir types in the Tahe Oilfield

    图 3  TS5井震旦系白云岩储层氯仿抽提物的三维荧光指纹图

    Figure 3.  Three-dimensional fluorescence fingerprints of extracts in Sinian oil sands from the Well TS5

    图 4  TS5井震旦系原油及周缘原油族组分组成三角图

    Figure 4.  Triangular diagram of group component composition of the Sinian crude and peripheral crude in the Well TS5

    图 5  TS5井与周缘区块原油饱和烃气相色谱图

    Figure 5.  Gas chromatogram of saturated hydrocarbons in crude oil from the Well TS5 and perimeter block

    图 6  TS5井及周缘不同层系典型原油的饱和烃质量色谱图

    Figure 6.  Mass chromatogram of saturated hydrocarbons in crude oil from Well TS5 and perimeter block

    图 7  TS5井与相邻区块原油成熟度参数对比图

    Figure 7.  Comparison of crude oil maturity parameters from Well TS5 and perimeter block

    图 8  TS5井与相邻区块原油甲基菲系列成熟度对比图

    Figure 8.  Comparison of maturity of methyl phenanthrene series of crude oil in Well TS5 and adjacent blocks

    图 9  TS5井埋藏史和热史模拟结果

    Figure 9.  Results of burial history and thermal history simulations for the Well TS5

    图 10  TS5井与周缘区块原油族组分碳同位素分布对比图

    Figure 10.  Comparison of carbon isotope distribution of crude oil group components in Well TS5 and surrounding blocks

    图 11  塔河油田震旦系-奥陶系油气成藏模式图(剖面位置见图 1中剖面AB)

    Figure 11.  Oil and gas accumulation model diagram of Sinian-Ordovician in the Tahe Oilfield

    表  1  塔河油田TS5井和塔河主体区、东南部、雅克拉地区不同层系原油物性对比

    Table  1.   Comparison of the physical properties of crude oil in the Well TS5 and different formations from the main, southeastern and Yakela areas of the Tahe Oilfield

    区块 井号 深度/m 层位 20℃时密度/
    (g·cm-3)
    运动黏度/
    (mm2·s-1)
    含蜡量/% 含硫量/% 原油类型
    塔河主体区 TS5 8 780~8 840 Z2q 0.813 3 3.23 3.2 0.12 黄色轻质-凝析油
    TK6100 5 476.24~5 595.19 O1-2y 1.004 0 7 339.68 3.66 1.95 黑色超重质油
    TK492 5 455~5 503.06 O1-2y 0.938 3 536.03 3.76 2.13 黑色重质油
    塔河东南部 AT27X 6 867.26~6 996.0 O2yj 0.806 4 3.06 9.48 0.09 淡黄色凝析油
    AT40 7 106.72~7 257.0 O2yj 0.815 2 4.85 5.07 0.05 淡黄色凝析油
    雅克拉 YK11 5 426.85~5 431.0 Z 0.808 4 2.05 1.73 0.11 淡黄色凝析油
    YK13 5 406.33~5 417.0 3ql 0.799 6 2.12 4.18 0.10 淡黄色凝析油
    注:Z2q.奇格布拉克组;O1-2y.鹰山组;O2yj.一间房组;Z.震旦系;∈3ql.下丘里塔格组
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  TS5井、塔河和雅克拉地区原油地化指标

    Table  2.   Crude oil geochemical indicators for the Well TS5, Tahe and Yakela areas

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-04-13
  • 录用日期:  2023-07-30
  • 修回日期:  2023-07-27

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