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川西南自贡地区二叠系茅口组储层裂缝特征及期次演化

马珂欣 胡明毅 史今雄 邓庆杰

马珂欣, 胡明毅, 史今雄, 邓庆杰. 川西南自贡地区二叠系茅口组储层裂缝特征及期次演化[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(3): 180-191. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230613
引用本文: 马珂欣, 胡明毅, 史今雄, 邓庆杰. 川西南自贡地区二叠系茅口组储层裂缝特征及期次演化[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(3): 180-191. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230613
MA Kexin, HU Mingyi, SHI Jinxiong, DENG Qingjie. Characteristics and formation period of fractures in the reservoirs of Permian Maokou Formation, Zigong area, Southwest Sichuan Basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(3): 180-191. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230613
Citation: MA Kexin, HU Mingyi, SHI Jinxiong, DENG Qingjie. Characteristics and formation period of fractures in the reservoirs of Permian Maokou Formation, Zigong area, Southwest Sichuan Basin[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(3): 180-191. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230613

川西南自贡地区二叠系茅口组储层裂缝特征及期次演化

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230613
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 42202161

详细信息
    作者简介:

    马珂欣, E-mail: 1758753040@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    胡明毅,E-mail:humingyi65@163.com

  • 中图分类号: P618.13

Characteristics and formation period of fractures in the reservoirs of Permian Maokou Formation, Zigong area, Southwest Sichuan Basin

More Information
  • 摘要:

    四川盆地自贡地区二叠系茅口组海相碳酸盐岩储层裂缝普遍发育, 对储层的储集性能、渗流规律和油气富集具有重要影响。综合利用岩心、薄片、成像测井及分析测试等资料, 明确裂缝成因类型及发育特征, 分析裂缝形成时间, 确定裂缝形成期次。结果表明: 自贡地区茅口组海相碳酸盐岩储层发育构造剪切裂缝、构造张性裂缝、水平层理缝和成岩缝合线; 构造剪切裂缝为茅口组储层主要裂缝类型, 以NEE和NNE走向为主, 裂缝倾角介于20°~80°, 延伸长度小于60 cm, 充填程度较低, 有效性较好; 结合分析测试资料确定自贡地区茅口组储层裂缝形成于3期构造运动: 第1期为海西晚期-印支早期, 在华南板块顺时针运动派生的SW向应力作用下, 发育少量剪切裂缝, 裂缝多被矿物充填, 属于裂缝次要发育时期; 第2期形成于燕山晚期-喜山早期, 在江南雪峰隆起产生的NW向应力作用下发育大量构造裂缝, 是研究区裂缝主要形成时期; 第3期为喜山晚期, 裂缝形成于印度洋板块碰撞产生的NEE向挤压应力下, 且裂缝多无充填, 有效性较好。通过上述裂缝相关研究, 为研究区有利勘探区带确立提供了依据。

     

  • 图 1  四川盆地构造划分(a)、自贡地区地理位置图(b)及综合柱状图(c)

    Figure 1.  Tectonic division of Sichuan Basin(a), geographical location (b) and comprehensive histogram (c) of Zigong area

    图 2  自贡地区茅口组储层岩心观察裂缝特征照片

    a.一组产状相同的构造剪切裂缝(见黄色箭头),富页2井,埋深3 115.83 m;b.构造剪切裂缝缝面平直,延伸较长,产状稳定,自贡1井,埋深3 045.24 m;c.构造剪切裂缝被溶蚀,威阳17井,埋深1 764.60 m;d.构造张性裂缝近直立发育,富页3井,埋深2 845.74 m;e.水平层理缝,横向连续性较差,裂缝尾部可见分叉,自贡1井,埋深3 293.82 m;f.顺层缝合线,与层面小角度斜交,缝面为锯齿状,音11井,埋深4 049.5 m

    Figure 2.  Photographs of observed fracture characteristics of the reservoir cores in Maokou Formation, Zigong area

    图 3  自贡地区茅口组储层裂缝微观特征照片

    a.一组平行发育的构造剪切裂缝(4条)(见黄色箭头),音5井,埋深4 195.65 m;b.构造剪切裂缝切穿生物结构(见红色箭头),威阳17井,埋深1 741.60 m;c.构造剪切裂缝存在充填差异,威阳17井,埋深1 768.78 m;d.构造剪切裂缝发生溶蚀,缝宽变大,威阳17井,埋深1 700.55 m;e.构造张性裂缝缝面不规则,威阳17井,埋深1 681.97 m;f.锯齿状缝合线,自贡1井,埋深3 074.62 m

    Figure 3.  Photographs of fracture microscopic characteristics of Maokou Formation reservoirs in Zigong area

    图 4  自贡地区茅口组构造剪切裂缝成像测井识别

    a.2条产状相同的构造裂缝,自贡1井;b.多组不同产状裂缝相交形成裂缝网络,吉富1井

    Figure 4.  Tectonic shear fractures imaging and logging identification in Maokou Formation, Zigong area

    图 5  自贡地区茅口组构造剪切裂缝特征参数(N为样本数)

    a.构造剪切裂缝走向玫瑰花图; b.构造剪切裂缝倾向玫瑰花图; c.构造剪切裂缝倾角频率分布直方图; d.构造剪切裂缝延伸长度频率分布直方图

    Figure 5.  Characteristic parameters of tectonic shear fractures in Maokou Formation, Zigong area

    图 6  自贡地区茅口组构造剪切裂缝充填程度及裂缝密度图

    a.构造剪切裂缝充填程度;b.构造剪切裂缝充填物类型;c.各走向构造剪切裂缝充填程度;d.裂缝密度频数分布直方图

    Figure 6.  Tectonic shear fracture filling degree and fracture density in Maokou Formation, Zigong area

    图 7  自贡地区茅口组构造裂缝充填物碳氧同位素交汇图

    Figure 7.  Carbon and oxygen isotope intersections of tectonic fracture fillings in Maokou Formation, Zigong area

    图 8  自贡地区茅口组岩石声发射实验结果

    Figure 8.  Results of acoustic emission experiments on rocks in Maokou Formation, Zigong area

    图 9  自贡地区茅口组裂缝方解石充填物流体包裹体特征

    a.自贡1井,埋深3 295.66 m; b.富页2井,埋深3 115.25 m; c.富页3井,埋深2 837.31 m; 黄色箭头及数值指示样品盐水包裹体及其均一温度(℃)

    Figure 9.  Characterization of fluid inclusions in fractured calcite filling in Maokou Formation, Zigong area

    图 10  自贡地区茅口组流体包裹体均一温度频数分布直方图

    Figure 10.  Histogram of homogenized temperature distribution of fluid inclusions in Maokou Formation, Zigong area

    图 11  自贡地区茅口组埋藏-地温史曲线(a)及构造裂缝形成机制(b)

    S.志留纪;D.泥盆纪;C.石炭纪;P.二叠纪;T.三叠纪;J.侏罗纪;K.白垩纪;E.古近纪;N.新近纪;Q.第四纪;T1 f.飞仙关组;T1j.嘉陵江组

    Figure 11.  Burial-geothermal history curves(a) and fracture formation mechanism(b) in Maokou Formation, Zigong area

    图 12  自贡地区茅口组岩心、薄片裂缝交切关系

    a.晚期无充填裂缝切割早期充填裂缝,富页3井,埋深2 900.44 m;b.被切割裂缝发生错动,音22井,茅口组,埋深4 135.20 m;c.早期充填裂缝限制晚期充填裂缝,富页2井,埋深3 121.89 m;d.一组充填裂缝切割另一组充填裂缝,威阳17井,埋深1 692.67 m;e.一组未充填裂缝切割另一组充填裂缝,音5井,埋深4 095.56 m;f.裂缝共轭相交,音5井,埋深4 210.37 m

    Figure 12.  Fracture intersection relationships of cores and thin sections in Maokou Formation, Zigong area

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-11-01
  • 录用日期:  2024-01-18
  • 修回日期:  2024-01-05

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