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鲁中南典型地热区地热水氟分布特征及其驱动机制

李曼 张薇 廖煜钟 刘峰 魏帅超 何雨江

李曼, 张薇, 廖煜钟, 刘峰, 魏帅超, 何雨江. 鲁中南典型地热区地热水氟分布特征及其驱动机制[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(3): 36-47. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230706
引用本文: 李曼, 张薇, 廖煜钟, 刘峰, 魏帅超, 何雨江. 鲁中南典型地热区地热水氟分布特征及其驱动机制[J]. 地质科技通报, 2024, 43(3): 36-47. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230706
LI Man, ZHANG Wei, LIAO Yuzhong, LIU Feng, WEI Shuaichao, HE Yujiang. Characteristics and mechanisms of fluorine enrichment in the geothermal water of south central Shandong Province[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(3): 36-47. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230706
Citation: LI Man, ZHANG Wei, LIAO Yuzhong, LIU Feng, WEI Shuaichao, HE Yujiang. Characteristics and mechanisms of fluorine enrichment in the geothermal water of south central Shandong Province[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2024, 43(3): 36-47. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230706

鲁中南典型地热区地热水氟分布特征及其驱动机制

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.tb20230706
基金项目: 

中国地质调查项目 DD20221676

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李曼, E-mail: liman@mail.cgs.gov.cn

    通讯作者:

    张薇, E-mail: weizhang@mail.cgs.gov.cn

  • 中图分类号: P641.3;P314.2

Characteristics and mechanisms of fluorine enrichment in the geothermal water of south central Shandong Province

More Information
  • 摘要:

    山东省鲁中南典型地热区主要包括沂沭断裂带地热区和鲁中隆起地热区, 为了探明研究区地热水氟分布特征及其富集规律, 综合运用水化学图解、地球化学模拟和主成分分析等方法, 分析沂沭断裂带地热区和鲁中隆起地热区地热水水化学数据。结果表明: 研究区地热水以Na-Ca-Cl型、Na-Ca-SO4-Cl型和Na-Cl-SO4型为主, 基本为弱碱性水, 优势阳离子为Na+, 氟质量浓度在0.38~4.5 mg/L之间, 富钠弱碱性环境有利于地热水中氟的富集。地热水中F-质量浓度与Na+、Cl-和总溶解固体(TDS)质量浓度呈显著正相关, 而沂沭断裂带地热水样中F-质量浓度还与K+、SO42-质量浓度呈显著正相关, 与Mg2+和HCO3质量浓度呈显著负相关; 鲁中隆起地热区地热水中阳离子交换作用较沂沭断裂带地热区更为强烈, Na+反应强度明显强于Mg2+。鲁中隆起地热区和沂沭断裂带地热区均为裂隙型热储, 热储岩性分别为石灰岩、灰岩热蚀变带和安山岩破碎带, 水岩作用强烈。研究区地热水中氟离子的物质来源主要为萤石等含氟矿物的溶解沉淀, 受控于阳离子交换等水岩相互作用影响, 最终形成高氟地热水, 其中高温和富钠对研究区地热水中氟离子富集影响较大。研究成果为地热资源开发利用提供了参考。

     

  • 图 1  研究区热储概念模型(a, b)[2]、地热水氟分布及采样点分布图(c)

    Figure 1.  Conceptual model of geothermal system (a, b), distribution of geothermal water fluorine distribution and sampling sites (c) in the study area

    图 2  鲁中南地区水样Piper三线图

    Figure 2.  Piper diagram of water samples in south central Shandong Province

    图 3  鲁中南地区水样Gibbs图

    Figure 3.  Gibbs diagram of water samples in south central Shandong Province

    图 4  不同类型地热水F-箱线图

    Figure 4.  Box diagram of fluorine in the geothermal water with different types

    图 5  地热水中ρ(F-)和水温T的关系

    Figure 5.  Relationship between fluorine concentration and water temperature in the geothermal water

    图 6  地热水中F-与Ca 2+(a)、Na+(b)、Cl-(c)、SO42-(d)、Mg2+(e)和HCO3-(f)质量浓度的关系

    Figure 6.  Relationship between fluorine concentration and Ca 2+(a), Na+(b), Cl-(c), SO42-(d), Mg2+(e), HCO3-(f) concentrations in the geothermal water

    图 7  地热水饱和指数与ρ(F-)的关系

    Figure 7.  Relationship between the saturation indices and fluorine concentration in the geothermal water

    图 8  样品中Na+/(Na++Ca2+)和ρ(F-)的关系图

    Figure 8.  Relationship between Na+/(Na++Ca2+) and F- concentration in water samples

    图 9  样品中Na+/Cl-当量比(a)和Na+/(Na++Ca2++Mg2+)当量比(b)与ρ(Cl-)关系图

    Figure 9.  Relationship between Na+/Cl- (a) and Na+/(Na++Ca2++Mg2+) (b) and Cl- concentration in water samples

    表  1  研究区地热水样水化学组分统计

    Table  1.   Hydrochemical component statistics of geothermal water samples in the study area

    含水介质类型 T/℃ pH值 F- Na+ Ca2+ K+ Mg2+ Cl- SO42- HCO3- NO3-
    ρB/(mg·L-1)
    鲁中隆起区地热水(样品数12) 平均值 51.18 7.51 3.01 443.98 240.46 34.75 24.71 470.39 891.22 162.18 4.76
    中位数 54.00 7.54 3.50 392.50 166.15 21.14 7.59 251.45 562.26 126.81 1.92
    最小值 25.00 6.75 0.51 45.70 72.95 2.21 1.86 26.57 156.50 59.53 0
    最大值 70.00 8.10 4.50 1 042.50 564.60 107.50 75.67 1 146.61 2 337.87 348.51 25.56
    沂沭断裂带地热水(样品数5) 平均值 49.27 7.49 2.66 448.79 196.48 24.39 10.50 780.48 239.26 193.51 25.40
    中位数 52.00 7.50 3.05 482.50 203.60 29.12 4.63 829.80 238.98 190.50 25.70
    最小值 23.00 7.20 0.38 79.45 148.20 1.57 1.89 192.40 164.20 92.17 10.94
    最大值 66.00 7.90 3.83 686.20 239.80 34.93 38.66 1 208.00 300.20 320.30 48.38
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  地热水ρ(F-)和pH值描述统计

    Table  2.   Description statistical of fluorine concentration and pH in geothermal water

    指标 含水介质类型 样品数 最小值 最大值 均值 标准偏差 标准偏差 方差
    pH值 鲁中隆起区地热水 12 6.75 8.10 7.51 0.142 29 0.492 92 0.243
    沂沭断裂带地热水 5 7.20 7.90 7.49 0.122 46 0.273 82 0.075
    总计 17 6.75 8.10 7.50 0.104 57 0.431 14 0.186
    ρ(F-)/ (mg·L-1) 鲁中隆起区地热水 12 0.51 4.50 3.01 0.384 78 1.332 92 1.777
    沂沭断裂带地热水 5 0.38 3.83 2.66 0.595 16 1.330 83 1.771
    总计 17 0.38 4.50 2.91 0.315 35 1.300 24 1.691
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  地热水中ρ(F-)与pH值、水温T以及其他离子质量浓度相关性分析

    Table  3.   Correlation analysis of fluorine concentration with pH, water temperature and other ions concentrations in the geothermanl water

    热储类型 F- pH值 Na+ Ca2+ Mg2+ K+ Cl- SO42- HCO3- TDS T
    鲁中隆起地热区 F- 1 0.102 0.811** 0.221 -0.040 0.527 0.720** 0.329 -0.076 0.624* 0.817**
    沂沭断裂带地热区 F- 1 0.459 0.984** 0.845 -0.970** 0.958* 0.951* 0.953* -0.957* 0.977** 0.86
    ** 在p=0.01级别(双尾),相关性显著; * 在p=0.05级别(双尾),相关性显著
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  研究区地热水主要离子主成分分析

    Table  4.   Principal component analysis of the major ions in the geothermal water in the study area

    参数 各主成分相关关系
    PC1 PC2 PC3
    Na+ 0.381 0.802 0.382
    Ca2+ 0.953 0.152 -0.05
    Mg2+ 0.96 -0.197 -0.185
    Cl- 0.018 0.921 0.191
    SO42- 0.939 0.043 0.12
    HCO3- 0.807 -0.292 -0.199
    F- 0.172 0.515 0.821
    偏硅酸 -0.369 0.826 0.087
    TDS 0.808 0.540 0.222
    pH值 -0.653 -0.223 0.678
    T -0.128 0.291 0.893
    特征值 4.868 3.979 1.197
    方差贡献率/% 44.253 36.173 10.886
    累计方差贡献率/% 44.253 80.426 91.312
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-12-19
  • 录用日期:  2024-02-21
  • 修回日期:  2024-02-19

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