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河套平原地下水中砷的空间变异特征及影响因素分析

张皓月 刘文波 张绪教 苏春利

张皓月, 刘文波, 张绪教, 苏春利. 河套平原地下水中砷的空间变异特征及影响因素分析[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(1): 192-199, 208. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0014
引用本文: 张皓月, 刘文波, 张绪教, 苏春利. 河套平原地下水中砷的空间变异特征及影响因素分析[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(1): 192-199, 208. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0014
Zhang Haoyue, Liu Wenbo, Zhang Xujiao, Su Chunli. Analysis of spatial variability and influencing factors of arsenic in groundwater of Hetao Plain, Inner Mongolia[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(1): 192-199, 208. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0014
Citation: Zhang Haoyue, Liu Wenbo, Zhang Xujiao, Su Chunli. Analysis of spatial variability and influencing factors of arsenic in groundwater of Hetao Plain, Inner Mongolia[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(1): 192-199, 208. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0014

河套平原地下水中砷的空间变异特征及影响因素分析

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0014
基金项目: 

中国地质调查局项目 1212010634702

中国地质调查局项目 DD20190311

国家自然科学基金项目 41972192

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张皓月(1993-  ), 女, 现正攻读水文地质学博士学位, 主要从事水文地质方面的研究工作。E-mail:1065386155@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    刘文波(1977-  ), 男, 高级工程师, 主要从事环境地球化学方面的研究工作。E-mail:106690009@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P592

Analysis of spatial variability and influencing factors of arsenic in groundwater of Hetao Plain, Inner Mongolia

  • 摘要: 河套平原是我国地方性砷中毒最为严重的地区之一。基于河套平原浅层地下水的砷含量数据,利用地统计学中半变异函数分析法,对地下水砷含量的空间分布及其异质性特征进行了分析,并探讨其空间变异性的影响因素。结果显示,河套平原地下水砷含量整体上呈由南向北递增的趋势,在假设各向同性条件下,砷含量残差项的空间分布符合纯块金效应模型,在所测尺度上(2~4 km)为随机分布,不存在空间自相关性,短距离内变异较大;地下水砷含量的分维数较大(D=1.999),进一步说明该尺度上变异显著。地下水砷含量与沉积物中有机质关系密切。晚第四纪以来,河套平原北部山区的新构造运动和盆地沉积环境变迁形成多种成因、形态复杂的沉积相,导致有机质埋藏条件的高度空间变异性,进而导致地下水砷含量的高度空间变异。河套平原缓慢的地下水径流条件有利于砷元素空间变异性的维持。河套地区地下水砷的空间异质性研究,对有效预测未知地区饮水型砷暴露潜在风险、精准防控地方病和保障供水安全具有重要的科学意义。

     

  • 图 1  研究区地形及地下水采样点分布图

    Figure 1.  Distribution of topography and the groundwater sampling map of the study area

    图 2  河套平原地区浅层地下水中砷质量浓度分布图

    Figure 2.  Distribution of arsenic concentration in shallow groundwater in Hetao Plain

    图 3  地下水中砷质量浓度的垂向分布特征及不同井深区间内不同砷质量浓度的取样数量对比

    Figure 3.  Vertical distribution of arsenic concentration in groundwater and the sampling numbers of different As concentration corresponding to various well depth ranges

    图 4  地下水砷质量浓度空间趋势项与自相关项分布图

    Figure 4.  Spatial trend and autocorrelation map of arsenic concentration in groundwater

    图 5  河套地貌单元分区图

    Figure 5.  Different geomorphological units of the Hetao area

    表  1  河套平原地区地下水砷质量浓度的统计特征值

    Table  1.   Statistical characteristics of As concentration in groundwater across the Hetao Plain

    样点数 均值 标准差 最小值 最大值 变异系数
    ρ(As)/(mg·L-1)
    753 0.072 7 0.142 0 0 1.368 0 1.952 5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  五原西北部海子堰地区钻探沉积物的有机物(C、N)及砷质量浓度

    Table  2.   Organic matters (C, N) and arsenic contents of the sediment cores in Haiziyan area, northwest of Wuyuan

    取样编号 岩性 采样深度/m w(TOC)/% w(TN)/% w(C+N)/% w(As)/(mg·kg-1)
    1 地表土壤 0 0.909 9 0.047 9 0.957 8 12.2
    2 淤泥质砂 5 0.117 6 0.012 9 0.130 5 10.2
    3 淤泥质黏土 6.5 0.493 2 0.020 4 0.513 6 19.1
    4 淤泥质黏土 9.2 0.278 3 0.031 2 0.309 5 20.9
    5 粉细沙 12 0.125 0 0.004 4 0.129 4 9.1
    6 淤泥质黏土 15.1 0.326 3 0.023 4 0.349 7 15.9
    7 淤泥质黏土 18.5 0.594 9 0.030 5 0.625 4 17.1
    8 中细砂 20.7 0.038 7 0.004 7 0.043 4 6.8
    9 中细砂 25 0.036 3 0.005 7 0.042 0 8.0
    10 淤泥质砂 30.3 0.074 7 0.006 6 0.081 3 9.5
    11 细砂 33.5 0.036 8 0.006 0 0.042 8 7.7
    12 细砂 36 0.047 8 0.006 6 0.054 4 8.5
    13 黏土 41.5 0.458 8 0.033 3 0.492 1 47.1
    14 中细砂 45 0.041 5 0.006 9 0.048 4 6.0
    15 中细砂 48 0.036 6 0.006 3 0.042 9 6.3
    16 黏土 49.5 0.377 6 0.033 2 0.410 8 47.1
    17 中细砂 58 0.035 2 0.005 7 0.040 9 6.5
    18 中细砂 71.4 0.039 2 0.004 9 0.044 1 7.2
    下载: 导出CSV
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