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渤海海域东部不同富油凹陷烃源岩生烃特征差异及意义

于彪 刘建良 杨贵丽 刘可禹 刘晓林

于彪, 刘建良, 杨贵丽, 刘可禹, 刘晓林. 渤海海域东部不同富油凹陷烃源岩生烃特征差异及意义[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(4): 104-114, 130. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0407
引用本文: 于彪, 刘建良, 杨贵丽, 刘可禹, 刘晓林. 渤海海域东部不同富油凹陷烃源岩生烃特征差异及意义[J]. 地质科技通报, 2021, 40(4): 104-114, 130. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0407
Yu Biao, Liu Jianliang, Yang Guili, Liu Keyu, Liu Xiaolin. Hydrocarbon generation characteristics and signification of source rock in different oil-rich depressions in the eastern part of the Bohai Sea[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(4): 104-114, 130. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0407
Citation: Yu Biao, Liu Jianliang, Yang Guili, Liu Keyu, Liu Xiaolin. Hydrocarbon generation characteristics and signification of source rock in different oil-rich depressions in the eastern part of the Bohai Sea[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2021, 40(4): 104-114, 130. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0407

渤海海域东部不同富油凹陷烃源岩生烃特征差异及意义

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2021.0407
基金项目: 

国家科技重大专项 2017ZX05009001

中国科学院战略性先导科技专项 XDA14010401

山东省自然科学基金项目 ZR2018BD018

详细信息
    作者简介:

    于彪(1989-), 现正攻读地质资源与地质工程专业硕士学位, 主要从事含油气系统定量分析相关研究工作。E-mail: 17719323397@163.com

    通讯作者:

    刘建良(1988-), 讲师, 主要从事含油气系统定量分析相关研究工作。E-mail: liujianliang@upc.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P618.13

Hydrocarbon generation characteristics and signification of source rock in different oil-rich depressions in the eastern part of the Bohai Sea

  • 摘要: 渤海海域东部发育多个富油凹陷,具有较大的生烃潜力,由于各凹陷形成和发育过程不同,导致不同凹陷、不同层段烃源岩热演化和生、排烃特征具有明显差异。通过对渤海海域东部3个富油凹陷多套烃源岩进行埋藏史、热史和生、排烃史研究,厘定了渤中凹陷、渤东凹陷和庙西凹陷烃源岩生、排烃时间以及演化特征。结果表明:①渤海海域东部地区不同构造单元烃源岩热演化程度具有"西高东低"的趋势,渤中凹陷最早生烃时间为31.5 Ma,渤东凹陷和庙西凹陷最早生烃时间分别为28.2,11.2 Ma,渤中凹陷最早排烃时间为27.8 Ma,而渤东凹陷和庙西凹陷最早排烃时间分别为20.9,6.7 Ma;②渤中凹陷烃源岩热演化程度较高,现今主要为储层提供天然气,为环渤中凹陷地区形成天然气藏和凝析气藏提供了气源;渤东凹陷、庙西凹陷热演化程度依次降低,为储层提供大量油源,盆地边缘地区主要以油藏为主。

     

  • 图 1  渤海海域东部地质综合图(据文献[15]修改)

    A.研究区平面分布图;B.岩性综合柱状图;C.地震剖面图

    Figure 1.  Comprehensive geological map of the eastern part of the Bohai Sea

    图 2  渤中凹陷BZ-P1井埋藏史与热史

    Figure 2.  Burial history and thermal history of Well BZ-P1 in Bozhong Depression

    图 3  渤东凹陷BD-P1井埋藏史与热史

    Figure 3.  Burial history and thermal history of Well BD-P1 in Bodong Depression

    图 4  庙西凹陷PL14-3-1井埋藏史与热史

    Figure 4.  Burial history and thermal history of Well PL14-3-1 in Miaoxi Depression

    图 5  渤中、渤东和庙西凹陷生烃时间对比图

    Figure 5.  Comparison of hydrocarbon generation time in the Bozhong, Bodong and Miaoxi depressions

    图 6  渤中、渤东和庙西凹陷排烃时间对比图

    Figure 6.  Comparison of hydrocarbon expulsion time in Bozhong, Bodong and Miaoxi depressions

    表  1  一维地质模型建立的主要输入参数(据文献[24-32]数据整理)

    Table  1.   Main input parameters for the establishment of one-dimensional geological model

    层位 沉积时间 主要岩性 BZ-P1 BD-P1 PL14-3-1
    开始/Ma 结束/Ma 顶深/m 底深/m 剥蚀/m w(TOC)/% HI/(mg·g-1) 顶深/m 底深/m 剥蚀/m w(TOC)/% HI/(mg·g-1) 顶深/m 底深/m 剥蚀/m w(TOC)/% HI/(mg·g-1)
    第四系 Qp 2.0 0 灰黄色泥岩与灰绿色粉细砂岩互层 0 640 0 528 0 441
    新近系 N2m 12.0 2.0 棕红色泥岩与砂岩互层 640 3 316 528 2 850 441 1 730
    N1g 23.0 12.0 灰绿色泥岩、砂砾岩 3 316 4 412 2 850 3 356 1 730 2 475
    古近系 E3d1 27.4 23.0 砂岩与泥岩互层 4 412 4 986 100 3 356 3 824 50 600
    E3d2 30.3 27.4 深灰色泥页岩 4 986 5 607 1.06 350 3 824 4 360 0.66 320 2 475 3 187 1.30 340
    E3d3 32.8 30.3 深灰色泥页岩 5 607 6 334 1.69 450 4 360 5 309 1.99 434 3 187 3 729 2.01 400
    E2s1-2 39.5 32.8 泥页岩与白云岩薄互层 6 334 7 632 100 2.83 400 5 309 6 058 150 1.95 550 3 729 4 002 50 2.13 350
    E2s3 42.0 39.5 深灰色泥岩 7 632 9 527 150 2.65 550 6 058 7 012 200 2.92 563 4 002 4 412 375 3.00 550
    E2s4+ E1-2k 65.0 42.0 紫红色泥岩夹砂岩 9 527 11 107 7 012 7 866 4 412 4 634
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  研究区烃源岩地球化学数据(据文献[25, 27, 34-41]数据整理)

    Table  2.   Geochemical data of source rocks in the study area

    凹陷名称 层位 w(TOC)/% (S1+S2)/(mg·g-1) HI/(mg·g-1) 有机质类型 Tmax/℃
    渤中凹陷 E2s3 0.21~1.96 2.02~7.27 50~550 1、Ⅱ2 422~442
    E2s1-2 0.42~2.57 6.85~14.92 260~580 1 425~443
    E3d3 1.26~3.28 8.01~12.45 220~600 1 425~445
    E3d2 1.43~5.14 8.22~24.63 160~700 1 524~440
    庙西凹陷 E2s3 0.82~0.97 1.68~2.05 210~412 1、Ⅱ2 /
    E2s1-2 1.82~2.25 2.36~12.02 226~508 1、Ⅱ2 430~445
    E3d3 0.76~3.11 2.64~21.35 220~680 Ⅰ、Ⅱ1 436~445
    E3d2 1.99~4.04 9.81~26.34 477~637 Ⅰ、Ⅱ1 431~436
    渤东凹陷 E2s3 1.32 / 412 2 /
    E2s1-2 2.01 11.85 470 1 435~445
    E3d3 1.93 10.61 311 1 440
    E3d2 2.96 / 556 1 /
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  渤海湾盆地不同时期沉积水界面温度和平均大地热流值[43-44]

    Table  3.   Sedimentary water interface temperature and average terrestrial heat flow in different periods of the Bohai Bay Basin

    时间/Ma
    65 42 38 32 23.3 5.3 0
    SWIT/℃ 23.66 23.22 23.10 22.13 21.02 17.01 16.90
    HF/(mW·m-2) 69.01 83.56 82.95 78.52 71.62 63.92 62.93
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  渤中凹陷、渤东凹陷和庙西凹陷不同剥蚀厚度下的烃源岩成熟度相对误差

    Table  4.   Relative error of maturity of source rocks under different denudation thicknesses in Bozhong, Bodong and Miaoxi depressions

    剥蚀厚度/m
    0 150 初始值 450 600
    烃源岩成熟度相对误差/% 渤中凹陷 E2s3 0.49 0 0 0 0.24
    E2s1-2 0 0 0 -0.34 0.34
    E3d3 -0.52 0 0 -0.52 -0.52
    E3d2 0.71 1.42 0 -0.71 1.42
    渤东凹陷 E2s3 -0.39 0 0 0.39 0
    E2s1-2 0.56 0.56 0 1.12 0
    E3d3 0 0 0 0 0
    E3d2 -1.01 -1.01 0 -2.02 0
    庙西凹陷 E2s3 -1.21 -0.61 0 0 0
    E2s1-2 -0.74 0 0 0.74 0
    E3d3 0 -0.93 0 0 0.93
    E3d2 -1.30 0 0 1.30 0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  渤中凹陷、渤东凹陷和庙西凹陷不同热流值下的烃源岩成熟度相对误差

    Table  5.   Relative error of maturity of source rocks under different heat flow values in Bozhong, Bodong and Miaoxi depressions

    热流值改变量/(mW·m-2)
    -10 -5 初始值 +5 +10
    烃源岩成熟度相对误差/% 渤中凹陷 E2s3 -19.90 -8.74 0 5.58 9.71
    E2s1-2 -31.96 -19.26 0 15.12 29.21
    E3d3 -32.64 -22.15 0 19.17 40.93
    E3d2 -29.79 -14.89 0 19.15 42.55
    渤东凹陷 E2s3 -36.72 -24.88 0 19.14 37.11
    E2s1-2 -34.83 -22.76 0 21.35 45.51
    E3d3 -32.59 -18.52 0 20.00 45.19
    E3d2 -25.25 -16.47 0 16.16 36.36
    庙西凹陷 E2s3 -28.49 -18.71 0 17.58 36.35
    E2s1-2 -26.67 -14.07 0 17.04 36.30
    E3d3 -23.36 -15.05 0 14.02 32.71
    E3d2 -16.88 -10.00 0 10.39 23.38
    下载: 导出CSV
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