Volume 41 Issue 3
May  2022
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Zou Min, Sun Li, Wang Peng, Yan Shumei, He Weiling, Zhao Gang, Lu Zhiyuan. Discussion on the variation characteristics of paleo-water-depth of lake basin under the background of forced regression: An example in the Early Oligocene of west of Weixi'nan Sag[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(3): 132-139. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0070
Citation: Zou Min, Sun Li, Wang Peng, Yan Shumei, He Weiling, Zhao Gang, Lu Zhiyuan. Discussion on the variation characteristics of paleo-water-depth of lake basin under the background of forced regression: An example in the Early Oligocene of west of Weixi'nan Sag[J]. Bulletin of Geological Science and Technology, 2022, 41(3): 132-139. doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0070

Discussion on the variation characteristics of paleo-water-depth of lake basin under the background of forced regression: An example in the Early Oligocene of west of Weixi'nan Sag

doi: 10.19509/j.cnki.dzkq.2022.0070
  • Received Date: 09 Oct 2021
  • Forced regression is common during geological history, but due to mismatched sources andsupplies, there are fewer geological records and fewer research cases. Taking the 4th member of Weizhouformation in the Early Oligocene of Weixi'nan Sag in the Beibu Gulf Basin in the northwest of the South China Sea as the research object, the restoration of paleo-water-depth is carried out by using the seismic reflectionstructure method, the variation characteristics of paleowater depth under the background of forcedregression are clarified, and the restoration method of paleowater depth by using the delta progradationstructure method is further discussed. The research shows that during the deposition of 4th member of Weizhou Formation in the Early Oligocene, the provenance of Weixi'nan Sag was sufficient, a large incisedvalley was developed around it, and a large oblique progradation reflection structure was developed in thesag, which has typical Forced Regression characteristics, forming a large-scale forced regression systemtract. Through the fine dissection of typical progradation sections, six typical progradation reflection layersare identified. Combined with seismic, drilling and compaction coefficient, the paleo-water-depth of thelake basin is restored to be 111.2-286.5 m, with an average of 218.5 m. From the edge of the paleo-laketo the center, the height and dip angle of the progradation layers increase slowly and then decrease rapidly.In terms of water depth, it is about 230 m in the early stage, gradually deepened to about 280 m in themiddle and late stage, and rapidly decreased to 110 m in the last stage, with a change range of 61.5% comparedwith the maximum water depth; The dip angle of progradation layer is about 10° in the early stage, gradually decreases after reaching 14.5° in the middle stage, and changes rapidly to 2.9° in the final stage, with a change range of 79.8%. Combined with the regional geological research, it is considered that thegeological period experienced during the deposition of 4th member of Weizhou Formation is less than 2 Ma, and the paleowater depth and paleodip angle of progradation layers change rapidly and violently in lessthan 2 Ma, which is basically consistent with the characteristics of forced regression, which confirms theresponse characteristics of seismic reflection structure. Further, the feasibility and future research directionof paleo-water-depth restoration using delta progradation structure are discussed from the perspectiveof theoretical model simplification and restoration parameter optimization. The research results provide animportant reference for enriching the understanding of the variation characteristics of paleowater depth underthe background of forced regression.


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